A new National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA) study finds the last remaining section of Antarctica's Larsen B Ice Shelf, which partially collapsed in 2002, is quickly weakening and likely to disintegrate completely before the end of the decade.
This study shows sharp contrast to the drastic loss of sea ice occurring in the Arctic Ocean to global temperature rise.
The research study was based on data collected from satellite radar, ocean depth, temperature at sea surface and also consisted land form to study.
The inverse phenomenon for this rise of the sea ice cover was observed due to geology of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean.
Two persistent geological factors for the rise were the topography of Antarctica and the depth of the ocean surrounding it.
These two geological factors are influencing ocean currents and winds to drive the formation and evolution of Antarctica’s sea ice cover and help sustain it.
In this inverse phenomenon, sea ice forms and builds up early in the sea ice growth season
This ice later due to winds gets pushed offshore and northward forming a protective shield of thicker, older ice that circulates around the continent.
The persistent winds flowing down slope off the continent plays important role in piling of ice up against the massive ice shield, enhancing its thickness.
The thickness of band of this ice varies in width from roughly 100 to 1,000 km. It protects and encapsulates younger, thinner ice from being reduced by winds and waves.
This ice drifts away from the continent as the sea ice cover expands creating ice factories conducive to rapid sea ice growth.
Arctic's marginal ice zone (MIZ) is a boundary of thin, new ice easily disturbed by wind and waves.