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Basics of Neurology MCQ - Multiple Choice Question and Answer

Basics of Neurology MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Explanation are given for understanding.

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Question No : 1
Topic: Seizure
Subject: Medicine
Of the following, which is the most frequent cause of seizures in the elderly?

Alcohol withdrawal
Stroke
Head trauma
Hypoglycemia

Question No : 2
Topic: Intracranial Hemorrhage
Subject: Medicine
The most significant risk factor for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is:

Atrial fibrillation
Cigarette smoking
Excessive alcohol use
Hypertension

Question No : 3
Topic: Guillain-Barré syndrome
Subject: Medicine
Guillain-Barré syndrome is not associated with which of the following?

Proximal muscle weakness
Areflexia
Infection with C. jejuni
Treatment with corticosteroids

Question No : 4
Topic: Hepatic Encephalopathy
Subject: Medicine
A 50-year-old man with a history of hemochromatosis presents to the emergency room vomiting up bright red blood. He had his most recent phlebotomy yesterday. His blood pressure is 110/85 mm Hg, his pulse 115/min; his face is flushed, and he is diaphoretic. During the physical examination splenomegaly and a venous pattern on his chest and abdomen are noted. He seems somewhat drowsy and confused but has no focal neurologic signs.
What is the probable source of this patient's confusion?

Severe anemia
Hepatic encephalopathy
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Vitamin B12 deficiency

Question No : 5
Topic: Alzheimer's Disease
Subject: Medicine
Which one of the following has NOT been identified as a risk factor for Alzheimer-type dementia (AD)?

Trisomy 18
Head trauma
Advanced age
Obesity and hypertension

Question No : 6
Topic: Korsakoff's Psychosis
Subject: Medicine
In a patient with recent onset of alcohol amnestic disorder, the mental status test most likely to be done poorly is memory of:

Political figures of 10 years ago
Digits (forward)
His own name
Three items for 5 minutes

Question No : 7
Topic: Amnesia
Subject: Medicine
Which of the following medications may cause amnesia as a side effect?

Hydroxyzine
Fluoxetine
Triazolam
Clonidine