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Basics of Neurology MCQ - Multiple Choice Question and Answer

Basics of Neurology MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Explanation are given for understanding.

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Question No : 8
Topic: MMSE
Subject: Medicine
The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) tests for:

Mood
Behavior
Intelligence quotient
Cognitive function

Question No : 9
Topic: Alzheimer's Disease
Subject: Medicine
A 62 year old woman has demonstrated increasing loss of recent memory over a 5 year period, now associated with reduced affect and nominal dysphasia. She dresses neatly and social amenities are preserved. There are no localizing motor or sensory findings.
Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

Cerebral vascular disease
Hydrocephalus
Huntington's disease
Alzheimer's disease

Question No : 10
Topic: Glasgow Coma Scale
Subject: Medicine
A 27 year old man is brought into the ER after a bicycling accident. A car door suddenly opened in front of him, of which he smashed into and was thrown 15 feet. On examination, he is drowsy and confused. He opens his eyes when his name is called. When he speaks, you understand his words but the sentences do not make sense. He moves all four limbs but does not respond to any commands. He is able to pull both hands away when pinched and squirms when his sternum is rubbed, making no effort to stop you.
What is his Glasgow Coma Scale score?

11
10
9
8

Question No : 11
Topic: Dementia
Subject: Medicine
Clinical features of multi-infarct dementia may include all of the following, except:

Parkinsonism
Deteriorating course
Evidence of cerebrovascular disease
Focal neurologic signs

Question No : 12
Topic: Delirium Tremens
Subject: Medicine
You see a 49-year-old man in the emergency room with a 20-year-history of alcohol abuse. He is agitated and floridly psychotic, with visual hallucinations and persecutory delusions. On examination his blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate are all increased. He is disoriented, sweaty, and has abdominal cramps.
What is the most likely diagnosis?

Subdural hematoma
Alcohol intoxication
Hepatic encephalopathy
Delirium tremens

Question No : 13
Topic: Status Epilepticus
Subject: Medicine
A 58-year-old male with a history of seizure attacks suffered from a 30min loss of consciousness with repetitive seizures with no recovery of consciousness between attacks. What is the best initial treatment for his condition?

Lorazepam
Phenytoin
Phenobarbital
Carbamazepine

Question No : 14
Topic: Essential Tremor
Subject: Medicine
Which one of the following is most likely to be of benefit in patients with essential tremor of the hand?

Isoniazid
Diazepam
Primidone
Clonidine