Same

Double

Half

One-fourth

B. Double

30 kJ

54 kJ

84 kJ

114 kJ

Load/original cross-sectional area and change in length/original length

Load/ instantaneous cross-sectional area and loge (original area/ instantaneous area)

Load/ instantaneous cross-sectional area and change in length/ original length

Load/ instantaneous area and instantaneous area/original area

Workdone

Entropy

Enthalpy

None of these

Conservation of work

Conservation of heat

Conversion of heat into work

Conversion of work into heat

Steel only

Concrete only

Steel and concrete both

None of these

Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel

Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas

Mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel

Mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

^{2}

More

Less

Equal

Depends on other factors

Simply supported beam

Fixed beam

Overhanging beam

Cantilever beam

2/3

3/4

1

9/8

Resilience

Proof resilience

Modulus of resilience

Toughness

Otto cycle is more efficient than Diesel cycle

Diesel cycle is more efficient than Otto cycle

Efficiency depends on other factors

Both Otto and Diesel cycles are equally efficient

Maximum at periphery and zero at center

Maximum at center

Uniform throughout

None of the above

Tensile

Compressive

Shear

Zero

Sum

Difference

Multiplication

None of the above

(σx/2) + (1/2) × √(σx² + 4 τ²xy)

(σx/2) - (1/2) × √(σx² + 4 τ²xy)

(σx/2) + (1/2) × √(σx² - 4 τ²xy)

(1/2) × √(σx² + 4 τ²xy)

Area of cross-section of the column

Length and least radius of gyration of the column

Modulus of elasticity for the material of the column

All of the above

Two constant pressure

Two constant volume

Two isentropic

One constant pressure, one constant volume

10 MPa

30 MPa

50 MPa

100 MPa

Tensile stress

Compressive stress

Shear stress

Thermal stress

Yield point

Limit of proportionality

Breaking point

Elastic limit

65° to 220°C

220° to 345°C

345° to 470°C

470° to 550°C

Specific heat at constant volume

Specific heat at constant pressure

Kilo Joule

None of these

Principal stresses

Normal stresses on planes at 45°

Shear stresses on planes at 45°

Normal and shear stresses on a plane

Law of equipartition of energy

Law of conservation of energy

Law of degradation of energy

None of these

π /4 × τ × D³

π /16 × τ × D³

π /32 × τ × D³

π /64 × τ × D³

Wood charcoal

Bituminous coke

Pulverised coal

Coke

It does not exist

It is more sensitive to changes in both metallurgical and mechanical conditions

It gives a more accurate picture of the ductility

It can be correlated with stress strain values in other tests like torsion, impact, combined stress tests etc.

Brayton cycle

Joule cycle

Carnot cycle

Reversed Brayton cycle

Low

Very low

High

Very high