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4

According to Stefan Boltzmann law, the total radiation from a black body per second per unit area is directly proportional to the

A. Absolute temperature

B. Square of the absolute temperature

C. Cube of the absolute temperature

D. Fourth power of the absolute temperature

Correct Answer :

D. Fourth power of the absolute temperature


Related Questions

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4

The heat transfer from a hot body to a cold body is directly proportional to the surface area and difference of temperatures between the two bodies. This statement is called

A. First law of thermodynamics

B. Newton's law of cooling

C. Newton's law of heating

D. Stefan's law

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4

According to Kirchoff's law, the ratio of emissive power to absorptivity for all bodies is equal to the emissive power of a

A. Grey body

B. Brilliant white polished body

C. Red hot body

D. Black body

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4

Depending on the radiating properties, body will be transparent when

A. P = 0, x = 0 and a = 1

B. P=1, x = 0, and a = 0

C. P = 0, T= 1, and a = 0

D. X = 0, a + p = 1

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4

Film coefficient is defined as the ratio of

A. Thermal conductivity to the equivalent thickness of the film of fluid

B. Temperature drop through the films of fluids to the thickness of film of fluids

C. Thickness of film of fluid to the thermal conductivity

D. Thickness of film of fluid to the temperature drop through the films of fluids

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4

In regenerator type heat exchanger, heat transfer takes place by

A. Direct mixing of hot and cold fluids

B. A complete separation between hot and cold fluids

C. Flow of hot and cold fluids alternately over a surface

D. Generation of heat again and again

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction is valid for

A. One dimensional cases only

B. Two dimensional cases only

C. Three dimensional cases only

D. Regular surfaces having non-uniform temperature gradients

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4

Thermal conductivity of water in general with rise in temperature

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. May increase or decrease depending on temperature

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4

Thermal conductivity of air at room temperature in kcal/m hr °C is of the order of

A. 0.002

B. 0.02

C. 0.01

D. 0.1

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4

A grey body is one whose absorptivity

A. Varies with temperature

B. Varies with the wave length of incident ray

C. Varies with both

D. Does not vary with temperature and wave length of the incident ray

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4

According to Wien's law, the wavelength corresponding to maximum energy is proportion to

A. Absolute temperature (T)

B.

C. F

D. T

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A designer chooses the values of fluid flow rates and specific heats in such a manner that the heat capacities of the two fluids are equal. A hot fluid enters the counter flow heat exchanger at 100° C and leaves at 60° C. A cold fluid enters the heat exchanger at 40° C. The mean temperature difference between the two fluids is

A. 20°C

B. 40°C

C. 60°C

D. 66.7°C

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4

The rate of energy emission from unit surface area through unit solid angle, along a normal to the surface, is known as

A. Emissivity

B. Transmissivity

C. Reflectivity

D. Intensity of radiation

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4

Reynolds number is the ratio of

A. Energy transferred by convection to that by conduction

B. Kinematic viscosity to thermal diffusivity

C. Inertia force to viscous force

D. None of the above

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4

The insulation ability of an insulator with the presence of moisture would

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain unaffected

D. May increase/decrease depending on temperature and thickness of insulation

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4

The rate of heat flow through a body is Q = [kA (T₁ - T₂)]/x. The term x/kA is known as

A. Thermal coefficient

B. Thermal resistance

C. Thermal conductivity

D. None of these

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4

The time constant of a thermocouple is

A. The time taken to attain the final temperature to be measured

B. The time taken to attain 50% of the value of initial temperature difference

C. The time taken to attain 63.2% of the value of initial temperature difference

D. Determined by the time taken to reach 100°C from 0°C

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4

A heat exchanger with heat transfer surface area A and overall heat transfer coefficient U handles two fluids of heat capacities Cmax and Cmin. The number of transfer units (NTU) used in the analysis of heat exchanger is specified as

A. A.Cmin/U

B. U/A.Cmin

C. A.U.Cmin

D. A.U/Cmin

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4

The rate of energy transferred by convection to that by conduction is called

A. Stanton number

B. Nusselt number

C. Biot number

D. Peclet number

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4

According to Stefan Boltzmann law, the total radiation from a black body per second per unit area is directly proportional to the

A. Absolute temperature

B. Square of the absolute temperature

C. Cube of the absolute temperature

D. Fourth power of the absolute temperature

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4

A cube at high temperature is immersed in a constant temperature bath. It loses heat from its top, bottom and side surfaces with heat transfer coefficients of h₁, h₂ and h₃ respectively. The average heat transfer coefficient for the cube is

A. h₁ + h₂ + h₃

B. (h₁.h₂.h₃)1/3

C. 1/h₁ + 1/h₂ + 1/h₃

D. None of these

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4

Temperature of steam at around 540°C can be measured by

A. Thermometer

B. Thermistor

C. Thermocouple

D. None of these

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4

The process of heat transfer from one particle of the body to another is called conduction, when the particles of the body

A. Move actually

B. Do not move actually

C. Affect the intervening medium

D. Does not affect the intervening medium

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction is (where Q = Amount of heat flow through the body in unit time, A = Surface area of heat flow, taken at right angles to the direction of heat flow, dT = Temperature difference on the two faces of the body, dx = Thickness of the body, through which the heat flows, taken along the direction of heat flow, and k = Thermal conductivity of the body)

A. k. A. (dT/dx)

B. k. A. (dx/dT)

C. k. (dT/dx)

D. k. (dx/dT)

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Stefan Boltzmann law is applicable for heat transfer by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and radiation combined

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Heat transfer by radiation mainly depends upon

A. Its temperature

B. Nature of the body

C. Kind and extent of its surface

D. All of the above

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Thermal conductivity of glass wool varies from sample to sample because of variation in

A. Composition

B. Density

C. Porosity

D. All of the above

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4

The unit of Stefan Boltzmann constant is

A. Watt/cm² °K

B. Watt/cm4 °K

C. Watt²/cm °K⁴

D. Watt/cm² °K⁴

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4

Unit of thermal conductivity in M.K.S. units is

A. K cal/kg m² °C

B. K cal m/hr m² °C

C. K cal/hr m² °C

D. K calm/hr °C

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Pick up the wrong case. Heat flowing from one side to other depends directly on

A. Face area

B. Time

C. Thickness

D. Temperature difference

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4

Thermal diffusivity of a substance is

A. Directly proportional to thermal conductivity

B. Inversely proportional to density of substance

C. Inversely proportional to specific heat

D. All of the above