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4

As the temperature is lowered towards the absolute zero, the value of the quantity (∂ΔF/∂T) approaches

A. Zero

B. Unity

C. Infinity

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

A. Zero


Related Questions

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4

For an ideal gas, the enthalpy

A. Increases with rise in pressure

B. Decreases with rise in pressure

C. Is independent of pressure

D. Is a path function

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4

Solid and liquid phases of a substance are in equilibrium at the

A. Critical temperature

B. Melting point

C. Freezing point

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Heat evolved/absorbed during conversion of a substance from one allotropic form to another is termed as the heat of

A. Fusion

B. Vaporisation

C. Transition

D. None of these

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4

Third law of thermodynamics is helpful in

A. Prediction of the extent of a chemical reaction

B. Calculating absolute entropies of substances at different temperature

C. Evaluating entropy changes of chemical reaction

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

The most important application of distribution law is in

A. Evaporation

B. Liquid extraction

C. Drying

D. Distillation

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4

Clapeyron Equation deals with the

A. Rate of change of vapour pressure with temperature

B. Effect of an inert gas on vapour pressure

C. Calculation of ΔF for spontaneous phase change

D. Temperature dependence of heat of phase transition

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4

As the entropy of the universe is increasing, day by day, the work producing capacity of a heat engine is

A. Not changed

B. Decreasing

C. Increasing

D. Data sufficient, can't be predicted

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4

A solute distributes itself between two nonmiscible solvents in contact with each other in such a way that, at a constant temperature, the ratio of its concentrations in two layers is constant, irrespective of its total amount. This is

A. The distribution law

B. Followed from Margules equation

C. A corollary of Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

Joule-Thomson co-efficient for a perfect gas is

A. Zero

B. Positive

C. Negative

D. None of these

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4

For an isothermal reversible compression of an ideal gas

A. Only ΔE = 0

B. Only ΔH =0

C. ΔE = ΔH = 0

D. dQ = dE

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4

A closed system is cooled reversibly from 100°C to 50°C. If no work is done on the system

A. its internal energy (U) decreases and its entropy (S) increases

B. U and S both decreases

C. U decreases but S is constant

D. U is constant but S decreases

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4

Isotherm on an enthalpy-concentration diagram, for an ideal solution will be a

A. Straight line

B. Sine curve

C. Parabola

D. Hyperbola

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4

For equilibrium process (i.e. reversible) in an isolated system

A. ds = 0

B. ds < 0

C. ds > 0

D. ds = Constant

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4

Gibbs free energy per mole for a pure substance is equal to the

A. Latent heat of vaporisation

B. Chemical potential

C. Molal boiling point

D. Heat capacity

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4

Heat of reaction at constant volume is identified with __________ change.

A. Enthalpy

B. Internal energy

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Fugacity and pressure are numerically equal, when the gas is

A. In standard state

B. At high pressure

C. At low temperature

D. In ideal state

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4

Which of the following decreases with increase in pressure?

A. Melting point of ice

B. Melting point of wax

C. Boiling point of liquids

D. None of these

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

When pressure is applied on the system, ice ↔ water, then

A. Equilibrium cannot be established

B. More ice will be formed

C. More water will be formed

D. Evaporation of water will take place

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4

What is the value of ln y (where y = activity co-efficient) for ideal gases?

A. Zero

B. Unity

C. Infinity

D. Negative

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4

Number of components (C), phase (P) and degrees of freedom (F) are related by Gibbs phase rule as

A. P + F - C = 2

B. C = P - F + 2

C. F = C - P - 2

D. P = F - C - 2

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

Which of the following represents the Virial equation of state?

A. T = [RT/(V- b)] - [a/√T. V(V + b)]

B. PV/RT = 1 + (B/V) + (C/V2) + ……

C. n1u2 + μ2μ1 = 0

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Like internal energy and enthalpy, the absolute value of standard entropy for elementary substances is zero

B. Melting of ice involves increase in enthalpy and a decrease in randomness

C. The internal energy of an ideal gas depends only on its pressure

D. Maximum work is done under reversible conditions

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4

Charles' law for gases states that

A. V/T = Constant

B. V ∝ 1/T

C. V ∝ 1/P

D. PV/T = Constant

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4

The extensive properties are

A. Volume, mass and number of moles

B. Free energy, entropy and enthalpy

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of these

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4

Boiling of liquid is accompanied with increase in the

A. Vapor pressure

B. Specific Gibbs free energy

C. Specific entropy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Gibbs-Duhem equation

A. States that n11 + n22 + ....njj = 0, for a system of definite composition at constant temperature and pressure

B. Applies only to binary systems

C. Finds no application in gas-liquid equilibria involved in distillation

D. None of these

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4

With increase in pressure (above atmospheric pressure), the Cp of a gas

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. First decreases and then increases