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4

Boiling of liquid is accompanied with increase in the

A. Vapor pressure

B. Specific Gibbs free energy

C. Specific entropy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

Correct Answer :

A. Vapor pressure


Related Questions

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4

A refrigeration cycle is the same as a __________ cycle,

A. Turbine

B. Heat engine

C. Reversed heat engine

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the extensive property out of the following.

A. Surface tension

B. Free energy

C. Specific heat

D. Refractive index

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4

A reasonably general expression for vapourliquid phase equilibrium at low to moderate pressure is φi yi P = Yi xifi° where, Φ is a vapor fugacity component, Yi is the liquid activity co-efficient and fi° is the fugacity of the pure component i. the Ki value (Yi = Ki xi) is therefore, in general a function of

A. Temperature only

B. Temperature and pressure only

C. Temperature, pressure and liquid composition xi only

D. Temperature, pressure, liquid composition xi and vapour composition yi

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Entropy and enthalpy are path functions

B. In a closed system, the energy can be exchanged with the surrounding, while matter cannot be exchanged

C. All the natural processes are reversible in nature

D. Work is a state function

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4

For a single component two phase mixture, the number of independent variable properties are

A. Two

B. One

C. Zero

D. Three

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4

When a system is in equilibrium for all possible processes, the differential or finite change of entropy is

A. < 0

B. > 0

C. = 0

D. None of these

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4

In case of the decomposition of hydroiodic acid (2HI H2 + I2), addition of H2 (at equilibrium condition) will

A. Increase the partial pressure of I2

B. Decrease the partial pressure of HI

C. Diminish the degree of dissociation of HI

D. None of these

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4

Gibbs free energy of mixing at constant pressure and temperature is always

A. 0

B.

C. + ve

D. - ve

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4

Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

On opening the door of an operating refrigerator kept in a closed room, the temperature of the room will

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain same

D. Increase in summer and will decrease in winter

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4

Which of the following liquid metals has the highest thermal conductivity?

A. Molten sodium

B. Molten lead

C. Mercury

D. Molten potassium

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4

Number of components (C), phase (P) and degrees of freedom (F) are related by Gibbs phase rule as

A. P + F - C = 2

B. C = P - F + 2

C. F = C - P - 2

D. P = F - C - 2

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4

Work done in an adiabatic process between two states depends on the

A. Rate of heat transmission

B. Initial state only

C. End states only

D. None of these

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4

For multi-component multiple phases to be in equilibrium at the same pressure and temperature, the __________ of each component must be same in all phases.

A. Chemical potential

B. Fugacity

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Fugacity co-efficient of a substance is the ratio of its fugacity to

A. Mole fraction

B. Activity

C. Pressure

D. Activity co-efficient

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4

Specific __________ does not change during a phase change (e.g. sublimation, melting, vaporisation etc.).

A. Entropy

B. Internal energy

C. Enthalpy

D. Gibbs free energy

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4

The value of Joule-Thomson co-efficient, in case where cooling occurs after the throttling process is

A. 0

B.

C. +ve

D. -ve

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4

At a given temperature, the volume of a gas dissolved in a solvent __________ with increase in pressure.

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. May increase or decrease; depends on the gas

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4

Heat of formation of an element in its standard state is

A. 0

B. < 0

C. > 0

D. A function of pressure

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4

As the time is passing, entropy of the universe

A. Is increasing

B. Is decreasing

C. Remain constant

D. Data insufficient, can't be predicted

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4

Fugacity is a measure of the

A. Escaping tendencies of the same substance in different phases of a system

B. Relative volatility of a mixture of two miscible liquids

C. Behaviour of ideal gases

D. None of these

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4

The thermodynamic law, PVy = constant, is not applicable in case of

A. Ideal compression of air

B. Free expansion of an ideal gas

C. Adiabatic expansion of steam in a turbine

D. Adiabatic compression of a perfect gas

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4

On a P-V diagram of an ideal gas, suppose a reversible adiabatic line intersects a reversible isothermal line at point A. Then at a point A, the slope of the reversible adiabatic line (∂P/∂V)s and the slope of the reversible isothermal line (∂P/ ∂V)T are related as (where, y = Cp/Cv)

A. (∂P/∂V)S = (∂P/∂V)T

B. (∂P/∂V)S = [(∂P/∂V)T]Y

C. (∂P/∂V)S = y(∂P/∂V)T

D. (∂P/∂V)S = 1/y(∂P/∂V)T

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4

Heat evolved/absorbed during conversion of a substance from one allotropic form to another is termed as the heat of

A. Fusion

B. Vaporisation

C. Transition

D. None of these

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4

At triple point (for one component system), vapour pressure of solid as compared to that of liquid will be

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. More or less; depending on the system

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4

Which of the following behaves most closely like an ideal gas?

A. He

B. N2

C. O2

D. H2

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4

Joule-Thomson experiment is

A. Isobaric

B. Adiabatic

C. Isenthalpic

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The conversion for a gas phase reaction increases with decrease in pressure, if there is an increase in volume accompanying the reaction

B. With increase in temperature, the equilibrium constant increases for an exothermic reaction

C. The equilibrium constant of a reaction depends upon temperature only

D. The conversion for a gas phase reaction increases with increase in pressure, if there is a decrease in volume accompanying the reaction

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4

In the reaction, H2 +I2 2HI, addition of an inert gas will

A. Increase the partial pressure of H2

B. Increase the partial pressure of I2

C. Increase the total pressure and hence shift the equilibrium towards the right

D. Not affect the equilibrium conditions

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4

In the ammonia synthesis reaction, N2 + 3H2 2NH3 + 22.4 kcal, the formation of NH3 will be favoured by

A. High temperature

B. Low pressure

C. Low temperature only

D. Both low temperature and high pressure