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What is the correct answer?

4

Boyle's law for gases states that

A. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature is constant

B. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature & mass of the gas remain constant

C. P ∝ V, at constant temperature & mass of the gas

D. P/V = constant, for any gas

Correct Answer :

B. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature & mass of the gas remain constant


Related Questions

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4

For a stable phase at constant pressure and temperature, the fugacity of each component in a binary system __________ as its mole fraction increases.

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remain same

D. Decreases linearly

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4

Which of the following will increase the volume of a real gas by four times?

A. Doubling the absolute temperature as well as pressure of the gas

B. Reducing pressure to one fourth at constant temperature

C. Reducing temperature to one fourth at constant pressure

D. Reducing the temperature to half and doubling the pressure

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4

The fugacity of a gas in a mixture is equal to the product of its mole fraction and its fugacity in the pure state at the total pressure of the mixture. This is

A. The statement as per Gibbs-Helmholtz

B. Called Lewis-Randall rule

C. Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

Internal energy of an element at 1 atm and 25° C is __________ kcal/kg.mole.

A. 0

B. 273

C. 25

D. None of these

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4

Work done may be calculated by the expression ∫ p dA for __________ processes.

A. Non-flow reversible

B. Adiabatic

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The internal energy of an ideal gas is a function of its __________ only.

A. Molecular size

B. Volume

C. Pressure

D. Temperature

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4

The efficiency of a Carnot heat engine operating between absolute temperatures T1 and T2 (when, T1 > T2) is given by (T1 - T2)/T1. The co-efficient of performance (C.O.P.) of a Carnot heat pump operating between T1 and T2 is given by

A. T1/(T1-T2)

B. T2/(T1-T2)

C. T1/T2

D. T2/R1

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4

A thermodynamic system is taken from state A to B along ACB and is brought back to A along BDA as shown below in the P-V diagram. The net work done during the complete cycle is given by the area covered by

A. P1ACBP2P1

B. ACBB1A1A

C. ACBDA

D. ADBB1A1A

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4

A solid metallic block weighing 5 kg has an initial temperature of 500°C. 40 kg of water initially at 25°C is contained in a perfectly insulated tank. The metallic block is brought into contact with water. Both of them come to equilibrium. Specific heat of block material is 0.4 kJ.kg-1. K-1. Ignoring the effect of expansion and contraction and also the heat capacity to tank, the total entropy change in kJ.kg-1, K-1 is

A. -1.87

B. 0

C. 1.26

D. 3.91

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4

Second law of thermodynamics is concerned with the

A. Amount of energy transferred

B. Direction of energy transfer

C. Irreversible processes only

D. Non-cyclic processes only

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4

A refrigeration cycle is the same as a __________ cycle,

A. Turbine

B. Heat engine

C. Reversed heat engine

D. None of these

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4

Boyle's law for gases states that

A. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature is constant

B. P ∝ 1/V, when temperature & mass of the gas remain constant

C. P ∝ V, at constant temperature & mass of the gas

D. P/V = constant, for any gas

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4

Claude gas liquefaction process employs cooling

A. At constant pressure

B. By throttling

C. By expansion in an engine

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following non-flow reversible compression processes require maximum work?

A. Adiabatic process

B. Isothermal process

C. Isobaric process

D. All require same work

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4

Dry ice is

A. Moisture free ice

B. Solid helium

C. Solid carbon dioxide

D. None of these

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4

Boiling of liquid is accompanied with increase in the

A. Vapor pressure

B. Specific Gibbs free energy

C. Specific entropy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

What is the value of maximum COP in case of absorption refrigeration, if refrigeration provided is at temperature, TR (where, T1 and T2 are source & surrounding temperatures respectively.)?

A. TR/(T2 - TR) × (T1 - T2)/T1

B. TR/(T2 - TR) × T1/(T1 - T2)

C. TR/(T1 - TR) × (T1 - T2)/T1

D. None of these

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4

Lenz's law results from the law of conservation of

A. Mass

B. Momentum

C. Energy

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not an equation of state?

A. Bertholet equation

B. Clausius-Clapeyron equation

C. Beattie-Bridgeman equation

D. None of these

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4

Melting of wax is accompanied with __________ in entropy.

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. No change

D. None of these

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4

Two substances are in equilibrium in a reversible chemical reaction. If the concentration of each substance is doubled, then the value of the equilibrium constant will be

A. Same

B. Doubled

C. Halved

D. One fourth of its original value

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4

Clapeyron Equation deals with the

A. Rate of change of vapour pressure with temperature

B. Effect of an inert gas on vapour pressure

C. Calculation of ΔF for spontaneous phase change

D. Temperature dependence of heat of phase transition

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4

At constant temperature and pressure, for one mole of a pure substance, the ratio of the free energy to the chemical potential is

A. Zero

B. One

C. Infinity

D. Negative

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4

A gas has a volume of 27.3 c.c. at 0°C. Its volume at 10°C (if pressure remains unchanged) will be __________ c.c.

A. 2.73

B. 28.3

C. 273

D. 283

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4

The unity of Planck's constant 'h' in the equation, E = hv is

A. J/s

B. J.S

C. J/kmol

D. kmol/J

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4

Joule-Thomson effect i.e., a throttling process is a constant __________ process.

A. Entropy

B. Temperature

C. Internal energy

D. Enthalpy

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4

Cv for an ideal gas

A. Does not depend upon temperature

B. Is independent of pressure only

C. Is independent of volume only

D. Is independent of both pressure and volume

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4

Co-efficient of performance for a reversed Carnot cycle working between temperatures T1 and T2 (T1 > T2) is

A. T2/(T1 - T2)

B. T1/(T1 - T2)

C. (T1 - T2)/T1

D. (T1 - T2)/T2

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4

Critical solution temperature (or the consolute temperature) for partially miscible liquids (e.g., phenol-water) is the minimum temperature at which

A. A homogeneous solution (say of phenol water) is formed

B. Mutual solubility of the two liquids shows a decreasing trend

C. Two liquids are completely separated into two layers

D. None of these

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4

Entropy of the system decreases, when

A. Snow melts into water

B. A gas expands spontaneously from high pressure to low pressure

C. Water is converted into ice

D. Both (B) & (C)