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Desalination of water

A. Makes it potable

B. Makes it non-potable

C. Means distillation of water

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

A. Makes it potable


Related Questions

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Catalyst used in the catalytic converter employed in automobiles to convert CO into CO2 and for complete oxidation of un-burnt hydrocarbons is

A. Nickel

B. Cobalt

C. Vanadium

D. Platinum

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The amount of water evaporated in kg per kg of fuel burnt in a boiler is called the __________ of a boiler.

A. Evaporative capacity

B. Evaporation efficiency

C. Thermal efficiency

D. Steam load

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4

Transition from laminar to turbulent zone in free convection heat transfer is governed by the critical value of

A. Grashoff number

B. Grashoff number & Reynolds number

C. Reynolds number

D. Grashoff number & Prandtl number

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Insulation of liquid surface can be achieved by __________ on top of its surface.

A. Floating hollow polypropylene spheres

B. Spraying alumina powder

C. Putting cement

D. None of these

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The best guide to judge the general quality of water is the measurement of its

A. pH value

B. Electrical conductivity

C. Turbidity

D. Dissolved oxygen content

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Electrolytic reduction cell used for conversion of calcined Al2O3 to Al is a carbon lined furnace operating at 800-900 °C. The purpose of electric current supplied to the furnace is to

A. Achieve very high purity of aluminium (99.9%)

B. Keep the electrolyte in liquid condition by the generation of heat

C. Electrolytically dissociate alumina

D. Both (B) & (C)

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Which of the following terminology is used for the temperature at which new grains are formed in a metal?

A. Eutectic temperature

B. Lower critical temperature

C. Recrystallisation temperature

D. Upper critical temperature

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4

The burnout heat flux in the nucleate boiling regime is not a function of the

A. Liquid density

B. Vapour density

C. Temperature difference

D. Heat of evaporation

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Molecules with symmetrical arrangements (e.g. CH4 or CCl4) are non-polar

B. Generally, non-polar compounds are chemically inactive, conduct electricity poorly and do not ionise

C. Most of the hydrocarbons are non-polar

D. None of these

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Nusselt number/Biot number varies

A. Inversely with thermal conductivity

B. Directly with heat transfer co-efficient

C. Directly with thermal conductivity

D. Inversely with the dimension of the solid

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4

Galvanic corrosion cannot be prevented by

A. Cathodic protection

B. Anodic protection

C. Usage of largest possible anodic area

D. Any one of these

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4

What is the value of entropy at 273°K?

A. 0

B. 1

C.

D. None of these

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Force between the molecules of the same substance is called __________ force.

A. Adhesive

B. Cohesive

C. Molecular

D. Vander Walls

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Common salt is produced from sea water in India generally by the __________ method.

A. Freeze drying

B. Solar evaporation

C. Electrolytic

D. None of these

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4

Baffles provided on the shell side of a shell and tube heat exchanger are meant for

A. Providing support for the tubes

B. Improving heat transfer

C. Both 'a' & 'b'

D. Preventing the fouling of tubes & stagnation of shell side fluid

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Silicon crystal can be converted to p-type semiconductor by doping with

A. Phosphorous

B. Nitrogen

C. Carbon

D. Boron

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In case of compression of one kg of air, the work done will be the least, when the value of polytropic index 'n' is

A. 1

B. 1.4

C. 1.5

D. Y = Cp/Cv

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4

Pick out the wrong statement about coating/electroplating of metals.

A. Phosphate coating is used as an excellent base for paints & enamels

B. Phosphate coating is less corrosion resistant than chromate coating

C. The base metal to be electroplated is normally made the cathode of the electrolytic cell and coating metal is made the anode

D. Calorising is the process of coating steel with chromium

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4

Cold chisel & hammers are made of

A. High speed steel

B. High carbon steel

C. Forged steel

D. Mild steel

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Fibrous fracture is normally encountered in the __________ materials.

A. Hard

B. Elastic

C. Ductile

D. Brittle

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According to maximum shear stress failure criterion, yielding in material occurs, when the maximum shear stress is equal to __________ times the yield stress.

A. 0.5

B. 2

C. √2

D. √3/2

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4

Specific __________ is a dimensionless quantity.

A. Heat

B. Humidity

C. Weight

D. None of these

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__________ is not used as the control rod material in a nuclear reactor.

A. Cobalt

B. Hafnium

C. Cadmium

D. Boron

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4

Direct conversion of thermal energy to electrical energy is facilitated by the

A. Fuel cells

B. Photo voltaic cell

C. Magneto hydrodynamic generator

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following hardness tests does not measure the indentation hardness of metals and alloys?

A. Vickers hardness test

B. Shore scleroscope test

C. Brinell hardness test

D. Rockwell hardness test

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Even though heat transfer co-efficient in boiling liquids is large, use of fins is advantageous, when the entire surface is exposed to __________ boiling.

A. Film

B. Nucleate

C. Transition

D. All modes of

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4

Dryness fraction of dry steam is

A. 0

B.

C. 1

D. 0.5

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The specific gravity of coal depends mainly on its __________ content.

A. Carbon

B. Volatile matter

C. Ash

D. Moisture

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The efficiency of a Carnot heat engine operating between absolute temperatures T1 and T2 (when, T1 > T2) is given by (T1 - T2)/T1. The co-efficient of performance (CO.P.) of a Carnot heat pump operating between T1 and T2 is given by

A. T1/(T1-T2)

B. T2/(T1-T2)

C. T1/T2

D. T2/T1

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4

Often earing defects are found during deep drawing operation, because the

A. Surface finish of the sheet is poor

B. Sheet material has been given substantial spring back

C. Starting sheet has planer anisotropy due to its texture

D. Starting sheet has normal anisotropy due to its texture