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4

Entropy change of the reaction, H2O (liquid) → H2O (gas), is termed as the enthalpy of

A. Solution

B. Vaporisation

C. Formation

D. Sublimation

Correct Answer :

B. Vaporisation


Related Questions

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4

One ton of refrigeration is defined as the heat rate corresponding to melting of one ton of ice in one

A. Hour

B. Day

C. Minute

D. Second

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4

Partial molar free energy of an element A in solution is same as its

A. Chemical potential

B. Activity

C. Fugacity

D. Activity co-efficient

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4

dW and dq are not the exact differential, because q and W are

A. State functions

B. Path functions

C. Intensive properties

D. Extensive properties

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4

The freezing point of a liquid decreases when the pressure is increased, if the liquid __________ while freezing.

A. Contracts

B. Expands

C. Does not change in volume

D. Either (A), (B) or (C)

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4

Those solutions in which there is no volume change upon mixing the components in the liquid state and which, when diluted do not undergo any heat change (i.e. heat of dilution is zero), are called __________ solutions.

A. Ideal

B. Real

C. Isotonic

D. None of these

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4

Henry's law is closely obeyed by a gas, when its __________ is extremely high.

A. Pressure

B. Solubility

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not an equation of state?

A. Bertholet equation

B. Clausius-Clapeyron equation

C. Beattie-Bridgeman equation

D. None of these

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4

The ammonia synthesis reaction represented by N2 + 3H2 2NH3; ΔH = - 22.4 kcal, is

A. Endothermic

B. Exothermic

C. Isothermal

D. Adiabatic

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Minimum number of degree of freedom of a system is zero

B. Degree of freedom of a system containing a gaseous mixture of helium, carbon dioxide and hydrogen is 4

C. For a two phase system in equilibrium made up of four non-reacting chemical species, the number of degrees of freedom is 4

D. Enthalpy and internal energy change is zero during phase change processes like melting, vaporisation and sublimation

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4

Trouton's ratio is given by (where λb, = molal heat of vaporisation of a substance at its normal boiling point, kcal/kmol Tb = normal boiling point, °K)

A. λb/Tb

B. Tb/λb

C. √(λb/Tb)

D. √(Tb/λb)

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4

Third law of thermodynamics is helpful in

A. Prediction of the extent of a chemical reaction

B. Calculating absolute entropies of substances at different temperature

C. Evaluating entropy changes of chemical reaction

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Which of the following processes cannot be made reversible even under ideal condition of operation?

A. Free expansion of a gas

B. Compression of air in a compressor

C. Expansion of steam in a turbine

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

__________ law of thermodynamics ascertains the direction of a particular spontaneous process.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

Internal energy of an ideal gas

A. Increases with increase in pressure

B. Decreases with increase in temperature

C. Is independent of temperature

D. None of these

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4

Equilibrium constant decreases as the temperature

A. Increases, for an exothermic reaction

B. Decreases, for an exothermic reaction

C. Increases, for an endothermic reaction

D. None of these

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4

The efficiency of an Otto engine compared to that of a diesel engine, for the same compression ratio will be

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. Data insufficient to predict

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4

A system is said to be isopiestic, if there is no __________ change.

A. Temperature

B. Pressure

C. Volume

D. None of these

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4

When a gas is subjected to adiabatic expansion, it gets cooled due to

A. Decrease in velocity

B. Decrease in temperature

C. Decrease in kinetic energy

D. Energy spent in doing work

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4

A cylinder contains 640 gm of liquid oxygen. The volume occupied (in litres) by the oxygen, when it is released and brought to standard conditions (0°C, 760 mm Hg) will be __________ litres.

A. 448

B. 224

C. 22.4

D. Data insufficient; can't be computed

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4

Linde gas liquefaction process employs cooling

A. By throttling

B. By expansion in an engine

C. At constant pressure

D. None of these

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4

For an incompressible fluid, the __________ is a function of both pressure as well as temperature.

A. Internal energy

B. Enthalpy

C. Entropy

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

On opening the door of an operating refrigerator kept in a closed room, the temperature of the room will

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain same

D. Increase in summer and will decrease in winter

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

When dilute aqueous solutions of two salts are mixed, the process is associated with

A. Decrease in temperature

B. Increase in temperature

C. No change in temperature

D. Change in temperature which is a function of composition

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4

A solute distributes itself between two nonmiscible solvents in contact with each other in such a way that, at a constant temperature, the ratio of its concentrations in two layers is constant, irrespective of its total amount. This is

A. The distribution law

B. Followed from Margules equation

C. A corollary of Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

The unity of Planck's constant 'h' in the equation, E = hv is

A. J/s

B. J.S

C. J/kmol

D. kmol/J

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4

When liquid and vapour phases of one component system are in equilibrium (at a given temperature and pressure), the molar free energy is

A. More in vapour phase

B. More in liquid phase

C. Same in both the phases

D. Replaced by chemical potential which is more in vapour phase

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Entropy and enthalpy are path functions

B. In a closed system, the energy can be exchanged with the surrounding, while matter cannot be exchanged

C. All the natural processes are reversible in nature

D. Work is a state function

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4

In a turbine, the fluid expands almost

A. Isothermally

B. Isobarically

C. Adiabatically

D. None of these

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4

What is the number of degree of freedom for a system of two miscible non-reacting species in vapor-liquid equilibrium forming an azeotrope?

A. 0

B. 2

C. 1

D. 3