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4

Following the six-tenth factor rule, if a loglog plot of capacity of the equipment vs. cost of the equipment is made, then a straight line is obtained, whose slope is equal to

A. 0.1

B. 0.6

C. 0.2

D. 0.8

Correct Answer :

B. 0.6


Related Questions

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4

Payback period

A. And economic life of a project are the same

B. Is the length of time over which the earnings on a project equals the investment

C. Is affected by the variation in earnings after the recovery of the investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The total investment in a project is Rs. 10 lakhs and the annual profit is 1.5 lakhs. If the project life is 10 years, then the simple rate of return on investment is

A. 15%

B. 10%

C. 1.5%

D. 150%

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4

A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs.

A. 121

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

Generally, income taxes are based on the

A. Total income

B. Gross earning

C. Total product cost

D. Fixed cost

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4

Relative cost of chemical process plants in India is about __________ percent more than the similar plants in U.S.A.

A. 15

B. 35

C. 55

D. 75

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper

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4

The inventory of raw materials included in the working capital is usually about __________ months supply of raw materials valued at delivery prices.

A. One

B. Three

C. Six

D. Twelve

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Net worth means paid up share capital and reserve & surplus (i.e. shareholders equity)

B. Return on equity = profit after tax/net worth

C. Working capital turnover ratio = sales/net working capital

D. Total cost of production is more than net sales realisation (NSR) at breakeven point

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4

Which of the following is not a component of working capital?

A. Raw materials is stock

B. Finished products in stock

C. Transportation facilities

D. Semi-finished products in the process

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4

The ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment is termed as the __________ ratio.

A. Cash reserve

B. Capital

C. Turnover

D. Investment

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4

With increase in the discounted cash flow rate of return, the ratio of the total present value to the initial investment of a given project

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Increases linearly

D. Remain constant

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

Depreciation

A. Costs (on annual basis) are constant when the straight line method is used for its determination

B. Is the unavoidable loss in the value of the plant, equipment and materials with lapse in time

C. Does figure in the calculation of income tax liability on cash flows from an investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Gross earning is equal to the total income minus

A. Total product cost

B. Fixed cost

C. Income tax

D. None of these

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4

The __________ of a chemical company can be obtained directly from the balance sheet as the difference between current assets and current liabilities.

A. Cash ratio

B. Net working capital

C. Current ratio

D. Liquids assets

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

Most chemical plants use an initial working capital amounting to 10-20% of the total capital investment. But this percentage may increase to __________ percent in case of seasonal products manufacturing plant.

A. 30

B. 50

C. 75

D. 95

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4

Which of the following is not a component of depreciation cost?

A. Repairs and maintenance cost

B. Loss due to obsolescence of the equipment

C. Loss due to decrease in the demand of product

D. Loss due to accident/breakdown in the machinery

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross revenue is that total amount of capital received as a result of the sale of goods or service

B. Net revenue is the total profit remaining after deducting all costs excluding taxes

C. The ratio of immediately available cash to the total current liabilities is known as the cash ratio

D. Consolidated income statement based on a given time period indicates surplus capital and shows the relationship among total income, costs & profit over the time interval

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4

Gantt chart (or Bar chart) is helpful in

A. Efficient utilisation of manpower and machines

B. Preparing production schedule

C. Efficient despatching of products

D. Inventory control

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4

In which of the electric power generation system, the operating cost is minimum?

A. Thermal

B. Nuclear

C. Hydroelectric

D. Fast breeder reactor

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4

Which of the following does not come under the sales expenses for a product of a chemical plant?

A. Advertising

B. Warehousing

C. Legal fees

D. Customer service

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

Functional depreciation of an equipment is the measure of decrease in its value due to its

A. Ageing

B. Wear and tear

C. Obsolescence

D. Breakdown or accident

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

Purchased cost of equipments for a chemical process plant ranges from __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 10 to 20

B. 20 to 40

C. 45 to 60

D. 65 to 75