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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction gives the heat flow for

A. Irregular surfaces

B. Nonuniform temperature surfaces

C. One dimensional cases only

D. Two dimensional cases only

Correct Answer :

C. One dimensional cases only


Related Questions

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4

Two long parallel surfaces each of emissivity 0.7 are maintained at different temperatures and accordingly have radiation heat exchange between them. It is desired to reduce 75% of the radiant heat transfer by inserting thin parallel shields of emissivity 1 on both sides. The number of shields should be

A. One

B. Two

C. Three

D. Four

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4

Free convection flow depends on

A. Density

B. Coefficient of viscosity

C. Gravitational force

D. All of these

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4

Temperature of steam at around 540°C can be measured by

A. Thermometer

B. Thermistor

C. Thermocouple

D. None of these

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4

The energy distribution of an ideal reflector at higher temperatures is largely in the range of

A. Shorter wavelength

B. Longer wavelength

C. Remain same at all wavelengths

D. Wavelength has nothing to do with it

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4

Planck's law holds good for

A. Black bodies

B. Polished bodies

C. All coloured bodies

D. All of the above

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4

The unit of overall coefficient of heat transfer is

A. kcal/m²

B. kcal/hr °C

C. kcal/m² hr °C

D. kcal/m hr °C

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4

An ordinary passenger aircraft requires a cooling system of capacity.

A. 2 TR

B. 4 TR

C. 8 TR

D. 10 TR

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4

Heat transfer in liquid and gases takes place by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and convection

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4

The heat transfer by conduction through a thick sphere is given by

A. Q = 2πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

B. Q = 4πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

C. Q = 6πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

D. Q = 8πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

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4

The concept of overall coefficient of heat transfer is used in heat transfer problems of

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and convection

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4

Thermal conductivity of air with rise in temperature

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. May increase or decrease depending on temperature

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4

In convection heat transfer from hot flue gases to water tube, even though flow may be turbulent, a laminar flow region (boundary layer of film) exists close to the tube. The heat transfer through this film takes place by

A. Convection

B. Radiation

C. Conduction

D. Both convection and conduction

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4

The thermal diffusivities for gases are generally

A. More than those for liquids

B. Less than those for liquids

C. More than those for solids

D. Dependent on the viscosity

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4

Two balls of same material and finish have their diameters in the ratio of 2: 1 and both are heated to same temperature and allowed to cool by radiation. Rate of cooling by big ball as compared to smaller one will be in the ratio of

A. 1 : 1

B. 2 : 1

C. 1 : 2

D. 4 : 1

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4

The logarithmic mean temperature difference (tm) is given by (where Δt1 and Δt2 are temperature differences between the hot and cold fluids at entrance and exit)

A. tm = (Δt1 - Δt2)/ loge (Δt1/Δt2)

B. tm = loge (Δt1/Δt2)/ (Δt1 - Δt2)

C. tm = tm = (Δt1 - Δt2) loge (Δt1/Δt2)

D. tm = loge (Δt1 - Δt2)/ Δt1/Δt2

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4

Heat is transferred by all three modes of transfer, viz. conduction, convection and radiation in

A. Electric heater

B. Steam condenser

C. Boiler

D. Refrigerator condenser coils

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4

The value of Prandtl number for air is about

A. 0.1

B. 0.3

C. 0.7

D. 1.7

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4

Thermal conductivity of wood depends on

A. Moisture

B. Density

C. Temperature

D. All of the above

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4

If the energy radiated per second per sq. cm. of the surface for wave lengths lying between λ, and λ + dλ is represented by (eλ.dλ), then eλ is called

A. Absorptive power

B. Emissive power

C. Emissivity

D. None of these

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4

Film coefficient is defined as Inside diameter of tube

A. Equivalent thickness of film

B. Thermal conductivity Equivalent thickness of film Specific heat × Viscosity

C. Thermal conductivity Molecular diffusivity of momentum Thermal diffusivity

D. Film coefficient × Inside diameter Thermal conductivity

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4

The amount of radiation mainly depends on

A. Nature of body

B. Temperature of body

C. Type of surface of body

D. All of the above

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4

The ratio of the thickness of thermal boundary layer to the thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer is equal to (Prandtl number) n, where n is equal to

A. -1/3

B. -2/3

C. 1

D. -1

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4

The rate of energy transferred by convection to that by conduction is called

A. Stanton number

B. Nusselt number

C. Biot number

D. Peclet number

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4

A steam pipe is to be lined with two layers of insulating materials of different thermal conductivities. For the minimum heat transfer,

A. The better insulation must be put inside

B. The better insulation must be put outside

C. One could place either insulation on either side

D. One should take into account the steam temperature before deciding as to which insulation is put where

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4

The transfer of heat by molecular collision is known as

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. None of these

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction gives the heat flow for

A. Irregular surfaces

B. Nonuniform temperature surfaces

C. One dimensional cases only

D. Two dimensional cases only

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4

The total radiation from a black body per second per unit area is ________ fourth power of the absolute temperature. This statement is known as Stefan Boltzmann law.

A. Equal to

B. Directly proportional to

C. Inversely proportional to

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following statement is correct?

A. A grey body is one which absorbs all radiations incident on it.

B. At thermal equilibrium, the emissivity and absorptivity are same.

C. The energy absorbed by a body to the total energy falling on it, is called emissivity.

D. A perfect body is one which is black in colour.

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4

The time constant of a thermocouple is

A. The time taken to attain the final temperature to be measured

B. The time taken to attain 50% of the value of initial temperature difference

C. The time taken to attain 63.2% of the value of initial temperature difference

D. Determined by the time taken to reach 100°C from 0°C

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction is valid for

A. One dimensional cases only

B. Two dimensional cases only

C. Three dimensional cases only

D. Regular surfaces having non-uniform temperature gradients