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4

Free energy change of mixing two liquid substances is a function of the

A. Concentration of the constituents only

B. Quantities of the constituents only

C. Temperature only

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

Correct Answer :

D. All (A), (B) and (C)


Related Questions

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4

Heat is added at constant pressure in an ideal __________ cycle.

A. Stirling

B. Brayton

C. Rankine

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

A reasonably general expression for vapourliquid phase equilibrium at low to moderate pressure is φi yi P = Yi xifi° where, Φ is a vapor fugacity component, Yi is the liquid activity co-efficient and fi° is the fugacity of the pure component i. the Ki value (Yi = Ki xi) is therefore, in general a function of

A. Temperature only

B. Temperature and pressure only

C. Temperature, pressure and liquid composition xi only

D. Temperature, pressure, liquid composition xi and vapour composition yi

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4

The reaction A (l) → R(g) is allowed to reach equilibrium conditions in an autoclave. At equilibrium, there are two phases, one a pure liquid phase of A and the other a vapor phase of A, R and S. Initially A alone is present. The numbers of degrees of freedom are:

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 0

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4

Chemical engineering thermodynamics is concerned with the __________ in/of chemical processes.

A. Reaction mechanism

B. Calculation of rates

C. Energy transformation from one form to another

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Trouton's ratio of non-polar liquids is calculated using Kistyakowsky equation

B. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine is always less than 1

C. An equation relating pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is called ideal gas equation

D. None of these

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4

The number of degrees of freedom for a mixture of ice and water (liquid) are

A. 3

B. 2

C. 1

D. 0

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4

The chemical potential of a component (μi) of a phase is the amount by which its capacity for doing all work, barring work of expansion is increased per unit amount of substance added for an infinitesimal addition at constant temperature and pressure. It is given by

A. (∂E/∂ni)S, v, nj

B. (∂G/∂ni)T, P, nj = (∂A/∂ni) T, v, nj

C. (∂H/∂ni)S, P, nj

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

For an ideal liquid solution, which of the following is unity?

A. Activity

B. Fugacity

C. Activity co-efficient

D. Fugacity co-efficient

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4

The relation connecting the fugacities of various components in a solution with one another and to composition at constant temperature and pressure is called the __________ equation.

A. Gibbs-Duhem

B. Van Laar

C. Gibbs-Helmholtz

D. Margules

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4

All gases during throttling process at atmospheric temperature and pressure show a cooling effect except

A. CO2

B. H2

C. O2

D. N2

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4

The change in __________ is equal to the reversible work for compression in steady state flow process under isothermal condition.

A. Internal energy

B. Enthalpy

C. Gibbs free energy

D. Helmholtz free energy

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4

Henry's law is closely obeyed by a gas, when its __________ is extremely high.

A. Pressure

B. Solubility

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

Throttling (Joule-Thomson effect) process is a constant __________ process.

A. Enthalpy

B. Entropy

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

For an irreversible process involving only pressure-volume work

A. (dF)T, p <0

B. (dF)T, p = 0

C. (dF)T, p > 0

D. (dA)T, v >0

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4

Gibbs phase rule finds application, when heat transfer occurs by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Condensation

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4

Critical compressibility factor for all substances

A. Are more or less constant (vary from 0.2 to 0.3)

B. Vary as square of the absolute temperature

C. Vary as square of the absolute pressure

D. None of these

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4

Chemical potential (an intensive property) of a substance is a force that drives the chemical system to equilibrium and is equal to its partial molar properties. The ratio of chemical potential to free energy of a pure substance at constant temperature and pressure is

A. 0

B. 1

C.

D. None of these

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4

In any spontaneous process, the __________ free energy decreases.

A. Helmholtz

B. Gibbs

C. Both a & b

D. Neither 'a' nor 'b'

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

For an ideal gas, the enthalpy

A. Increases with rise in pressure

B. Decreases with rise in pressure

C. Is independent of pressure

D. Is a path function

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4

Reduced pressure of a gas is the ratio of its

A. Pressure to critical pressure

B. Critical pressure to pressure

C. Pressure to pseudocritical pressure

D. Pseudocritical pressure to pressure

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4

In case of a close thermodynamic system, there is __________ across the boundaries.

A. No heat and mass transfer

B. No mass transfer but heat transfer

C. Mass and energy transfer

D. None of these

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4

The number of degree of freedom for an Azeotropic mixture of ethanol and water in vapourliquid equilibrium, is

A. 3

B. 1

C. 2

D. 0

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4

In a P-V diagram (for an ideal gas), an isothermal curve will coincide within adiabatic curve (through a point), when

A. Cp < Cv

B. Cp = Cv

C. Cp > Cv

D. C ≥ Cv

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4

On a P-V diagram of an ideal gas, suppose a reversible adiabatic line intersects a reversible isothermal line at point A. Then at a point A, the slope of the reversible adiabatic line (∂P/∂V)s and the slope of the reversible isothermal line (∂P/ ∂V)T are related as (where, y = Cp/Cv)

A. (∂P/∂V)S = (∂P/∂V)T

B. (∂P/∂V)S = [(∂P/∂V)T]Y

C. (∂P/∂V)S = y(∂P/∂V)T

D. (∂P/∂V)S = 1/y(∂P/∂V)T

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

The expression for entropy change given by, ΔS = nR ln (V2/V1) + nCv ln (T2/T1) is valid for

A. Reversible isothermal volume change

B. Heating of a substance

C. Cooling of a substance

D. Simultaneous heating and expansion of an ideal gas

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4

The partial molar enthalpy of a component in an ideal binary gas mixture of composition Z, at a temperature T and pressure P, is a function only of

A. T

B. T and P

C. T, P and Z

D. T and Z

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4

The efficiency of an Otto engine compared to that of a diesel engine, for the same compression ratio will be

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. Data insufficient to predict

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4

Free energy changes for two reaction mechanism 'X' and 'Y are respectively - 15 and - 5 units. It implies that X is

A. Slower than Y

B. Faster than Y

C. Three times slower than Y

D. Three times faster than Y