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4

If the heat of solution of an ideal gas in a liquid is negative, then its solubility at a given partial pressure varies with the temperature as

A. Solubility increases as temperature increases

B. Solubility increases as temperature decreases

C. Solubility is independent of temperature

D. Solubility increases or decreases with temperature depending on the Gibbs free energy change of solution

Correct Answer :

B. Solubility increases as temperature decreases


Related Questions

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4

Charles' law for gases states that

A. V/T = Constant

B. V ∝ 1/T

C. V ∝ 1/P

D. PV/T = Constant

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4

Ideal refrigeration cycle is

A. Same as Carnot cycle

B. Same as reverse Carnot cycle

C. Dependent on the refrigerant's properties

D. The least efficient of all refrigeration processes

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4

Choose the condition that must be specified in order to liquify CO2 (triple point for CO2 is - 57°C and 5.2 atm).

A. Pressure must be kept below 5.2 atm

B. Temperature must be kept above - 57°C

C. Pressure must be kept below 5.2 atm. and temperature must be kept above 57°C

D. Pressure and temperature must be kept below 5.2 atm. and - 57°C respectively

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4

What is the number of degree of freedom for a system of two miscible non-reacting species in vapor-liquid equilibrium forming an azeotrope?

A. 0

B. 2

C. 1

D. 3

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4

Air-refrigeration cycle

A. Is the most efficient of all refrigeration cycles

B. Has very low efficiency

C. Requires relatively large quantities of air to achieve a significant amount of refrigeration

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

For an incompressible fluid, the __________ is a function of both pressure as well as temperature.

A. Internal energy

B. Enthalpy

C. Entropy

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

Pick out the wrong statement

A. Phase rule variables are intensive properties

B. Heat and work are both state function

C. The work done by expansion of a gas in vacuum is zero

D. CP and CV are state function

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4

Degree of freedom of a system consisting of a gaseous mixture of H2 and NH3 will be

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

y = specific heat ratio of an ideal gas is equal to

A. Cp/Cv

B. Cp/(CP-R)

C. 1 + (R/CV)

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The minimum number of phases that can exist in a system is

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

During a reversible isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, the entropy change is

A. +ve

B. 0

C. -ve

D.

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4

A cyclic engine exchanges heat with two reservoirs maintained at 100 and 300°C respectively. The maximum work (in J) that can be obtained from 1000 J of heat extracted from the hot reservoir is

A. 349

B. 651

C. 667

D. 1000

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4

Joule-Thomson Co-efficient at any point on the inversion curve is

A.

B. +ve

C. 0

D. -ve

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4

The main feature of Carnot refrigeration cycle is that, it

A. Does not need the addition of external work for its functioning

B. Transfers heat from high temperature to low temperature

C. Accomplishes the reverse effect of the heat engine

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Surface tension of a substance vanishes at critical point, as there is no distinction between liquid and vapour phases at its critical point

B. Entropy of a system decreases with the evolution of heat

C. Change of internal energy is negative for exothermic reactions

D. The eccentric factor for all materials is always more than one

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4

With increase in compression ratio, the efficiency of the otto engine

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. Increases linearly

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4

A large iceberg melts at the base, but not at the top, because of the reason that

A. Ice at the base contains impurities which lowers its melting point

B. Due to the high pressure at the base, its melting point reduces

C. The iceberg remains in a warmer condition at the base

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The rate at which a substance reacts is proportional to its active mass and the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the product of active masses of the reacting substances. This is the

A. Lewis-Randall rule

B. Statement of Van't Hoff Equation

C. Le-Chatelier's principle

D. None of these

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4

In any spontaneous process,

A. Only F decreases

B. Only A decreases

C. Both F and A decreases

D. Both F and A increase

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4

Equilibrium constant of a reaction varies with the

A. Initial concentration of the reactant

B. Pressure

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

Joule-Thomson experiment is

A. Isobaric

B. Adiabatic

C. Isenthalpic

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The values of (∂P/∂V)T and (∂2P/∂V2)T are zero for a real gas at its critical point

B. Heat transferred is equal to the change in the enthalpy of the system, for a constant pressure, non-flow, mechanically reversible process

C. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine depends upon the properties of the working fluid besides the source & sink temperatures

D. During a reversible adiabatic process, the entropy of a substance remains constant

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4

The equation Tds = dE - PdV applies to

A. Single phase fluid of varying composition

B. Single phase fluid of constant composition

C. Open as well as closed systems

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

The efficiency of a Carnot heat engine operating between absolute temperatures T1 and T2 (when, T1 > T2) is given by (T1 - T2)/T1. The co-efficient of performance (C.O.P.) of a Carnot heat pump operating between T1 and T2 is given by

A. T1/(T1-T2)

B. T2/(T1-T2)

C. T1/T2

D. T2/R1

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4

Throttling process is a/an __________ process.

A. Reversible and isothermal

B. Irreversible and constant enthalpy

C. Reversible and constant entropy

D. Reversible and constant enthalpy

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4

The equation, Cp - Cv = R, is true for __________ gas.

A. No

B. Any real

C. Only ideal

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

A gas can be liquefied by pressure alone only, when its temperature is __________ its critical temperature.

A. Less than

B. More than

C. Equal to or higher than

D. Less than or equal to

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4

Free energy changes for two reaction mechanism 'X' and 'Y are respectively - 15 and - 5 units. It implies that X is

A. Slower than Y

B. Faster than Y

C. Three times slower than Y

D. Three times faster than Y

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4

The partial pressure of each constituent present in an alloy is __________ the total vapor pressure exerted by the alloy.

A. Less than

B. Equal to

C. More than

D. Either (B) or (C); depends on the type of alloy