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4

In an inward flow reaction turbine

A. The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

B. The water enters at the centre of the wheel and then flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel

C. The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of the wheel

D. The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

Correct Answer :

C. The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of the wheel


Related Questions

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4

Francis, Kaplan and propeller turbines fall under the category of

A. Impulse turbines

B. Reaction turbines

C. Axial flow turbines

D. Mixed flow turbines

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4

Maximum impulse will be developed in hydraulic ram when

A. Waste valve closes suddenly

B. Supply pipe is long

C. Supply pipe is short

D. Ram chamber is large

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4

By fitting an air vessel to the reciprocating pump, there is always a saving of work done and subsequently saving of power. This saving in case of a single acting reciprocating pump is

A. 39.2 %

B. 48.8 %

C. 84.8 %

D. 88.4 %

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4

If the ratios of all the corresponding linear dimensions are equal, then the model and the prototype are said to have

A. Geometric similarity

B. Kinematic similarity

C. Dynamic similarity

D. None of these

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4

A hydraulic accumulator is a device used to store ________ energy which may be supplied to a machine later on.

A. Strain

B. Pressure

C. Kinetic

D. None of these

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4

A Pelton wheel develops 1750 kW under a head of 100 metres while running at 200 r.p.m. and discharging 2500 litres of water per second. The unit discharge of wheel is

A. 0.25 m3/s

B. 0.5 m3/s

C. 1.5 m3/s

D. 2.5 m3/s

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4

The ratio of quantity of liquid discharged per second from the pump to the quantity of liquid passing per second through the impeller is known as

A. Manometric efficiency

B. Mechanical efficiency

C. Overall efficiency

D. Volumetric efficiency

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4

The centrifugal pump preferred for a specific speed between 80 to 160 r.p.m. is

A. Slow speed with radial flow at outlet

B. Medium speed with radial flow at outlet

C. High speed with radial flow at outlet

D. High speed with mixed flow at outlet

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4

Which of the following statement is correct?

A. The centrifugal pump is suitable for large discharge and smaller heads.

B. The centrifugal pump requires less floor area and simple foundation as compared to reciprocating pump.

C. The efficiency of centrifugal pump is less as compared to reciprocating pump.

D. All of the above

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4

The depth of the bucket for a Pelton wheel is generally ________ the diameter of jet.

A. Equal to

B. 1.2 times

C. 1.8 times

D. Double

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4

In an inward flow reaction turbine

A. The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

B. The water enters at the centre of the wheel and then flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel

C. The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of the wheel

D. The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

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4

A hydraulic coupling belongs to the category of

A. Power absorbing machines

B. Power developing machines

C. Energy transfer machines

D. Energy generating machines

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4

The static head of a centrifugal pump is equal to the ________ of suction head and delivery head.

A. Product

B. Difference

C. Sum

D. None of these

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4

If a pump is handling water and is discharging a certain flow Q at a constant total dynamic head requiring a definite B.H.P., the same pump when handling a liquid of specific gravity 0.75 and viscosity nearly same as of water would discharge

A. Same quantity of liquid

B. 0.75 Q

C. Q/0.75

D. 1.5 Q

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4

A turbine is required to develop 1500 kW at 300 r.p.m. under a head of 150 m. Which of the following turbine should be used?

A. Pelton wheel with one nozzle

B. Pelton wheel with two or more nozzles

C. Kaplan turbine

D. Francis turbine

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4

The hydraulic efficiency of a reaction turbine, is the ratio of

A. Power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the turbine

B. Actual work available at the turbine to energy imparted to the wheel

C. Workdone on the wheel to the energy (or head of water) actually supplied to the turbine

D. None of the above

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4

The force exerted by a jet of water (in a direction normal to flow) impinging on a fixed plate inclined at an angle θ with the jet is

A. waV/2g × sinθ

B. waV/g × sinθ

C. waV²/2g × sin2θ

D. waV²/g × sinθ

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4

In order to avoid cavitation in centrifugal pumps

A. The suction pressure should be high

B. The delivery pressure should be high

C. The suction pressure should be low

D. The delivery pressure should be low

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4

The gross or total head of the turbine is the ________ of the water levels at the head race and tail race.

A. Sum

B. Difference

C. Product

D. None of these

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4

Dynamic similarity is said to exist between the model and the prototype, if both of them

A. Have identical velocities

B. Are equal in size and shape

C. Are identical in shape, but differ only in size

D. None of the above

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4

The working of which of the following hydraulic units is based on Pascal's law?

A. Air lift pump

B. Jet pump

C. Hydraulic coupling

D. Hydraulic press

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4

In a reciprocating pump, air vessels are used to

A. Smoothen the flow

B. Reduce suction head

C. Increase delivery head

D. Reduce acceleration head

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4

According to fan laws, at constant weight of air or gas, the speed, capacity and pressure vary

A. Directly as the air or gas density

B. Inversely as square root of density

C. Inversely as density

D. As square of density

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4

The speed ratio in case of Francis turbine varies from

A. 0.15 to 0.3

B. 0.4 to 0.5

C. 0.6 to 0.9

D. 1 to 1.5

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4

Discharge of a centrifugal pump is (where N = Speed of the pump impeller)

A. Directly proportional to N

B. Inversely proportional to N

C. Directly proportional to N²

D. Inversely proportional to N²

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4

The hydraulic efficiency of an impulse turbine is the

A. Ratio of the actual power produced by the turbine to the energy actually supplied by the turbine

B. Ratio of the actual work available at the turbine to the energy imparted to the wheel

C. Ratio of the work done on the wheel to the energy of the jet

D. None of the above

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4

High specific speed of a pump implies it is

A. Centrifugal pump

B. Mixed flow pump

C. Axial flow pump

D. Any one of the above

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4

Which of the following statement is correct as regard to water wheels?

A. They have slow speeds

B. They are suitable even for low water heads

C. They give constant efficiency, even if the discharge is not constant

D. All of the above

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4

Francis turbine is best suited for

A. Medium head application from 24 to 180 m

B. Low head installation up to 30 m

C. High head installation above 180 m

D. All types of heads

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4

For starting an axial flow pump, its delivery valve should be

A. Closed

B. Open

C. Depends on starting condition and flow desired

D. Could be either open or closed