Mass

Momentum

Energy

None of these

C. Energy

Bertholet equation

Clausius-Clapeyron equation

Beattie-Bridgeman equation

None of these

Reversible and isothermal

Isothermal and irreversible

Reversible and adiabatic

Adiabatic and irreversible

0

∞

+ve

-ve

_{2})

_{V} = - E/T_{2}

Both (A) and (B)

Neither (A) nor (B)

1.572

1.9398

3.389

4.238

Hess's

Kirchoff's

Lavoisier and Laplace

None of these

Adiabatic

Isothermal

Isometric

None of these

Is zero

Increases

Decreases whereas the entropy increases

And entropy both decrease

^{Δx}, when Δx is negative

^{Δx}, when Δx is positive

Dimensionless, when Δx = 0

^{Δx2}, when Δx > 0

Low pressure and high temperature

Low pressure and low temperature

High pressure and low temperature

High pressure and high temperature

The available energy in an isolated system for all irreversible (real) processes decreases

The efficiency of a Carnot engine increases, if the sink temperature is decreased

The reversible work for compression in non-flow process under isothermal condition is the change in Helmholtz free energy

All (A), (B) and (C)

Chemical potentials of a given component should be equal in all phases

Chemical potentials of all components should be same in a particular phase

Sum of the chemical potentials of any given component in all the phases should be the same

None of these

ds = 0

ds <0

ds > 0

ds = Constant

0

+ve

-ve

∞

_{2}/(T_{1} - T_{2})

_{1}/(T_{1} - T_{2})

_{1} - T_{2})/T_{1}

_{1} - T_{2})/T_{2}

0

1

2

3

Turbine

Heat engine

Reversed heat engine

None of these

448

224

22.4

Data insufficient; can't be computed

Rate of heat transmission

Initial state only

End states only

None of these

Free energy

Entropy

Refractive index

None of these

dQ = dE + dW

dQ = dE - dW

dE = dQ + dW

dW = dQ + dE

Compression ratio of an Otto engine is comparatively higher than a diesel engine

Efficiency of an Otto engine is higher than that of a diesel engine for the same compression ratio

Otto engine efficiency decreases with the rise in compression ratio, due to decrease in work produced per quantity of heat

Diesel engine normally operates at lower compression ratio than an Otto engine for an equal output of work

Solution

Vaporisation

Formation

Sublimation

Melting of ice

Condensation of alcohol vapor

Sudden bursting of a cycle tube

Evaporation of water

T

T and P

T, P and Z

T and Z

Critical

Boyle

Inversion

Reduced

Pressure

Volume

Mass

None of these

Low T, low P

High T, high P

Low T, high P

High T, low P

Internal energy

Enthalpy

Gibbs free energy

Helmholtz free energy

_{2}

_{2}

Increase the total pressure and hence shift the equilibrium towards the right

Not affect the equilibrium conditions