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4

Microtubules are absent in

A. mitochondria

B. centriole

C. flagella

D. spindle fibres

Correct Answer :

A. mitochondria


Microtubules occur in the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells. Besides cytoplasm, microtubules occur in many specialized cellular structures like cilia, flagella, basal bodies, centrioles, astral rays, spindle apparatus, chromosome fibres etc.

Related Questions

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4

The membrane of the erythrocytes has approximately ___% of proteins and ___% lipids.

A. 42, 50

B. 52, 40

C. 50, 50

D. 60, 40

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4

Match column-I with column-II and select the correct option.
Column - IColumn - II
A. RERI. Intracellular and extracellular digestion
B. Cell wallII. Provide structural support to the cell
C. FlagellaIII. Protein synthesis and secretion
D. LysosomesIV Responsible for cell movement

A. A III, B II, C IV, D I

B. A II, B III, C IV, D I

C. A I, B III, C II, D IV

D. A IV, B II, C III, D I

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4

Grana are

A. protein storing plastids.

B. coloured plastids.

C. stacks of thylakoids.

D. individual thylakoids present in stroma.

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4

Which of the following organelles is directly connected to the outer membrane of the nucleus in a eukaryotic cell?

A. Mitochondrion

B. Lysosome

C. Golgi apparatus

D. Endoplasmic reticulum

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4

Which of the following statements are incorrect ?
  1. Plant cells have centrioles which are absent in almost all animal cells.
  2. Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis.
  3. The middle lamella is a layer mainly of calcium carbonate which holds the different neighbouring cells together.
  4. In animal cell, steroidal hormones are synthesized by smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Of the above statements

A. (i) and (iii)

B. (iii) and (iv)

C. (ii) and (iv)

D. (i) and (iv)

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4

Extension of plasma membrane in prokaryotic cell is

A. mesosome

B. haploid

C. ribosome

D. none of these

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4

Golgi apparatus is concerned with

A. excretion

B. secretion

C. ATP synthesis

D. RNA synthesis

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4

The fluidity of membranes in a plant in cold weather may be maintained by

A. increasing the number of phospholipids with unsaturated hydrocarbon tails.

B. increasing the proportion of integral proteins.

C. increasing concentration of cholesterol in membrane.

D. increasing the number of phospholipids with saturated hydrocarbon tail.

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4

Cell sap is a

A. living content of cytoplasm.

B. nonliving content of cytoplasm.

C. nonliving content of vacuole.

D. living content of vacuole.

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4

Consider the following statements and choose the correct statement.
  1. The endomembrane system includes mitochondria, chloroplast and peroxisomes.
  2. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is the major site for synthesis of lipid.
  3. Rough endoplasmic reticulum is actively involved in protein synthesis.
  4. Mitochondrial matrix possesses single circular DNA, a few RNA and 80S ribosomes. Of the above statements.

A. (i) and (iii)

B. (ii) and (iv)

C. (iii) and (iv)

D. (ii) and (iii)

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4

Basal bodies are associated with the formation of

A. phragmoplast

B. cilia and flagella

C. cell plate

D. kinetochore

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4

The cytoskeleton is a proteinaceous network of fibres in the cytoplasm. It is involved in

A. mechanical support.

B. motility.

C. maintenace of cell-shape.

D. all of the above

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4

Microtubules, motor proteins, and actin filaments are all part of the

A. mechanism of photosynthesis that occurs in chloroplasts.

B. rough ER in prokaryotic cells.

C. cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells.

D. process that moves small molecules across cell membranes.

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4

Match column-I with column-II and choose the correct option.
Column-IColumn-II
A. TonoplastI. Contain digestive enzyme
B. Contractile vacuoleII. Store metabolic gases
C. Food vacuoleIII. Excretion
D. Air vacuoleIV. Transport of ions in plants

A. A IV; B III; C I; D II

B. A II; B III; C IV; D I

C. A IV; B II; C III; D I

D. A I; B III; C II; D IV

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4

An organalle devoid of membrane covering is

A. vacuole

B. ribosome

C. peroxisome

D. lysosome

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4

The following diagram represents a structure chromosome.
Identify the structures marked as A, B and C.

A. A - Satellite, B - Primary constriction, C - Acrocentric

B. A - Satellite, B - Secondary constriction, C - Metacentric

C. A - Satellite, B - Centromere, C - Telocentric

D. A - Satellite, B - Centromere, C - Submetacentric

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4

Integral proteins of cell membrane occur on/in

A. inner surfaces

B. outer surfaces

C. phospholipid matrix

D. inner and outer surfaces

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4

The given diagram shows the types of chromosomes (labelled as A, B, C & D) based on the position of centromere.
Which one is the correct option for the labelled chromosomes. A, B, C and D ?

A. A Telocentric chromosome, B Acrocentric chromosome, C Submetacentric chromosome, D Metacentric chromosome

B. A Acrocentric chromosome, B Telocentric chromosome, C Metacentric chromosome, D Submetacentric chromosome

C. A Submetacentric chromosome, B Metacentric chromosome, C Telocentric chromosome, D Acrocentric chromosome

D. A Metacentric chromosome, B Submetacentric chromosome, C Acrocentric chromosome, D Telocentric chromosome.

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4

Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The endomembrane system includes plasma membrane, ER, Golgi complex, lysosomes and vacuoles.
  2. ER helps in the transport of substances, synthesis of proteins, lipoproteins and glycogen.
  3. Ribosomes are involved in protein synthesis.
  4. Mitochondria help in oxidative phosphorylation and generation of ATP.

A. (ii), (iii) & (iv)

B. (i) only

C. (ii) only

D. (iii) only

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4

Which of the following is absent in prokaryotes?

A. DNA

B. RNA

C. Plasma membrane

D. Mitochondria

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4

Match column I (cell type) with column II (size) and choose the correct option.
Column-IColumn-II
(Cell type)(Size)
A. VirusesI. 1-2 ??m
B. PPLOII. 10-20 ??m
C. Eukaryotic cellIII. About 0.1 ??m
D. BacteriumIV. 0.02 - 0.2 ??m

A. A I, B II, C III, D IV

B. A IV, B III, C II, D I

C. A I, B III, C II, D IV

D. A IV, B II, C III, D I

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4

You are asked to examine a cell using a powerful light microscope. The image you see has a clearly defined nucleus and mitochondria. It also has a large central vacuole and chloroplasts. From what group of organisms did this cell most likely come?

A. Bacteria

B. Protists

C. Fungi

D. Plants

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4

Match the items given in column-I with their role given in column-II and choose the correct option.
Column-IColumn-II
A. SERI. Increase the surface area
B. Golgi apparatusII. Store oils or fats
C. CristaeIII. Excretion
D. PeroxisomeIV. Photorespiration
E. ElaioplastsV. Synthesis of lipid

A. A V; B III; C I; D IV; E II

B. A V; B III: C II; D IV; E I

C. A II; B III; C I; D IV; E V

D. A III; B IV; C I; D V; E II

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4

A component of cytoskeleton is

A. microtubule

B. bone

C. chitin

D. cartilage.

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4

Statement 1: Centrosomes and centrioles are related to each other.
Statement 2: Centrosome usually contains two cylindrical structures called centrioles.

A. Both statements -1 and statement - 2 are true and statement - 2 is the correct explanation of statement - 1.

B. Both statements -1 and statement - 2 are true but statement - 2 is not the correct explanation of statement - 1.

C. Statement -1 is true and statement - 2 is false.

D. Statement -1 is false and statement - 2 is true.

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4

Match column-I with column-II and select the correct option.
Column - IColumn - II
A. Golgi apparatusI. Storage
B. MitochondriaII. Photosynthesis
C. VacuolesIII. Transport
D. GranaIV. Secretion
..V. Respiration

A. A - IV, B - V, C - I, D - II

B. A - I, B - II, C - IV, D - III

C. A - IV, B - I, C - II, D - III

D. A - I, B - II, C - III, D - IV

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4

Which of the following is incorrect ?

A. Mycoplasma is the smallest cell (0.3 �).

B. Bacteria are 3 to 5 �m in size.

C. The largest cell is the egg of an ostrich.

D. Nerve cells are some of the smallest cells.

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4

The cell theory was given in year 1839 by Schleiden and Schwann. According to this theory all organisms are composed of cell and cells are the basic unit of life.
How did this theory help in the field of science?

A. It helped to study the working of cells.

B. It helped in curing diseases caused by cell.

C. It helped in restating the earlier theories on cell.

D. It helped in introducing the use of microscopes to study cell.

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4

Which of the following statement of a bacterial cell is/are correct?
  1. Mesosome is formed by the extensions of plasma membrane into the cell.
  2. The pili are elongated tubular structures made up of a protein.
  3. Flagellum is composed of filament, hook and basal body.
  4. Ribosomes are about 30 nm by 50 nm in size.

A. (i), (ii), (iii)

B. All of the above

C. (ii) & (iv)

D. None of the above

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4

Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

A. Cristae The tubular structure formed by the folding of the inner membrane of the mitochondrion.

B. Plasmodesmata The membrane surrounding the vacuole in plants.

C. Grana Membrane bound discs in chloroplasts that contain chlorophylls and carotenoids.

D. Middle lamella Layer between adjacent cells walls in plants derived from cell plate.