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4

Microtubules, motor proteins, and actin filaments are all part of the

A. mechanism of photosynthesis that occurs in chloroplasts.

B. rough ER in prokaryotic cells.

C. cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells.

D. process that moves small molecules across cell membranes.

Correct Answer :

C. cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells.


The cytoskeleton supports the cell and allows movement of the entire cell and microtubules, motor proteins and actin filaments are part of the cytoskeleton.

Related Questions

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4

Which of the following option correctly match A, B, C, and D indicated in the given sectional view of chloroplasts.

A. A - Thylakoid, B-Stromal lamella, C - Stroma, D - Granum

B. A - Granum, B - Thylakoid, C - Stromal lamella, D - Stroma

C. A - Thylakoid, B - Granum, C - Stromal lamella, D - Stroma

D. A - Granum, B - Thylakoid, C - Stroma, D - Stromal lamella

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4

Which of the following terms is not correctly matched with its feature?

A. Osmosis Movement of water by diffusion.

B. Nucleoplasm Site of active synthesis of ribosomal RNA.

C. Mesosome Infolding of cell membrane and characteristics of eukaryotes.

D. Pili Elongated tubular surface structures (made of special protein) of bacteria.

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4

Match column-I with column-II and select the correct option.
Column - IColumn - II
A. Golgi apparatusI. Storage
B. MitochondriaII. Photosynthesis
C. VacuolesIII. Transport
D. GranaIV. Secretion
..V. Respiration

A. A - IV, B - V, C - I, D - II

B. A - I, B - II, C - IV, D - III

C. A - IV, B - I, C - II, D - III

D. A - I, B - II, C - III, D - IV

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4

The following diagram represents a structure chromosome.
Identify the structures marked as A, B and C.

A. A - Satellite, B - Primary constriction, C - Acrocentric

B. A - Satellite, B - Secondary constriction, C - Metacentric

C. A - Satellite, B - Centromere, C - Telocentric

D. A - Satellite, B - Centromere, C - Submetacentric

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4

The diagram given below represent a filuid mosaic model of plasma membrance. Match the components marked as A, B, C, D and E in the diagram below from the list (i) to (vii).

  1. Sugar
  2. Protein
  3. Lipid bilayer
  4. Integral protein
  5. Cytoplasm
  6. Cell wall
  7. External protein

A. A - (i), B - (ii), C - (iii), D - (iv), E - (v)

B. A - (ii), B - (i), C - (iii), D - (iv), E - (v)

C. A - (i), B - (ii), C - (iii), D - (iv), E - (vi)

D. A - (i), B - (ii), C - (iii), D - (vii), E - (v)

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4

Identify the components labelled as A, B, C, D and E in the diagram given below from the list (i) to (viii).

  1. Cristae of mitochondria
  2. Inner membrane of mitochondria
  3. Cytoplasm
  4. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  5. Rough endoplasmic reticulum
  6. Mitochondrial matrix
  7. Ribosome
  8. Nucleus

A. A - (viii), B - (v), C - (vii), D - (iii), E - (iv)

B. A - (i), B - (iv), C - (vii), D - (vi), E - (iii)

C. A - (vi), B - (v), C - (iv), D - (vii), E - (i)

D. A - (v), B - (i), C - (iii), D - (ii), E - (iv)

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4

Extension of plasma membrane in prokaryotic cell is

A. mesosome

B. haploid

C. ribosome

D. none of these

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4

Lysosomes contain

A. carbohydrates

B. hormones

C. nucleic acids

D. hydrolases.

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4

Which of the following pair are correctly matched.
A. Microtubules Structural components of cilia
B. Centrioles Store hydrolytic enzymes
C. Amyloplasts Store oil protein and starch in plants

A. A, B and C

B. A and B

C. A

D. A and C

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4

Match column-I with column-II and choose the correct option.
Column-IColumn-II
A. TonoplastI. Contain digestive enzyme
B. Contractile vacuoleII. Store metabolic gases
C. Food vacuoleIII. Excretion
D. Air vacuoleIV. Transport of ions in plants

A. A IV; B III; C I; D II

B. A II; B III; C IV; D I

C. A IV; B II; C III; D I

D. A I; B III; C II; D IV

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4

Which one of the following organelle given below is correctly matched with its function ?

A. Golgi apparatus Protein synthesis

B. Golgi apparatus Formation of glycolipids

C. Rough endoplasmic reticulum Protein synthesis

D. Rough endoplasmic reticulum Formation of glycoproteins

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4

Which of these is wrongly matched?

A. Chloroplasts Chlorophyll

B. Elaioplasts Starch

C. Chromoplasts Carotenoids

D. Amyloplasts Carbohydrates

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4

Which of the following statements is/are correct ?
  1. The shape of the cells may vary with the function they perform.
  2. Human RBC is about 7.0 ??m in diameter.
  3. Cytoplasm is the main area of cellular activities.
  4. Various chemical reactions occur in cytoplasm to keep the cell in the living state.

A. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

B. Only (i) and (ii)

C. Only (iv)

D. None of the above

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4

The cell theory was given in year 1839 by Schleiden and Schwann. According to this theory all organisms are composed of cell and cells are the basic unit of life.
How did this theory help in the field of science?

A. It helped to study the working of cells.

B. It helped in curing diseases caused by cell.

C. It helped in restating the earlier theories on cell.

D. It helped in introducing the use of microscopes to study cell.

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4

Nucleolus is

A. rounded structure found in cytoplasm near nucleus.

B. rounded structure inside nucleus and having rRNA.

C. rod-shaped structure in cytoplasm near the nucleus.

D. none of the above.

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4

9.A student was given cell samples (A and B) to identify parts which are highlighted. He observed the samples under the microscope and list down the function of the part of cell sample. The information collected by the student is listed in the table below, on the basis of which the student infers that the samples contain the organelles.
Sample ASample B
Make energy available for cellular metabolismGenerates ATP and synthes izes s ugar
Absent in cell that carry oxygen throughout the bodyPresent in plant cell
Called the energy currency of cellSource o f all the food energy

Explain why the samples were belonged to eukaryotic cell and not prokaryotic cell? Because,

A. eukaryotic cell have membrane bound organelles.

B. eukaryotic cell have non - membrane bound organelles.

C. eukaryotic cell are smaller and multiply more rapidly than prokaryotic cells.

D. eukaryotic cell are larger and multiply more rapidly than prokaryotic cells.

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4

Which of the following organelles is directly connected to the outer membrane of the nucleus in a eukaryotic cell?

A. Mitochondrion

B. Lysosome

C. Golgi apparatus

D. Endoplasmic reticulum

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4

In prokaryotes, chromatophores are

A. specialized granules responsible for colouration of cells

B. structures responsible for organizing the shape of the organism.

C. inclusion bodies lying free inside the cells for carrying out various metabolic activities.

D. internal membrane system which becomes extensive and complex in photosynthetic bacteria.

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4

What would happen if lysosomes get ruptured in a cell?

A. Cell dies

B. Cell shrinks

C. Cell swell up

D. Nothing would happen

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4

The lipid component of the membrane mainly consists of __________.

A. polysaccharides

B. phosphoglyceride

C. monosaccharaides

D. both (a) and (c)

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4

The best material for study of structure of cell membrane is

A. RBC of human

B. RBC of frog

C. cheek cell of human

D. liver cell of rat

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4

Which of the following statement is correct regarding vacuole?

A. It is membrane-bound and contains storage proteins and lipids.

B. It is membrane-bound and contains water and excretory substances.

C. It lacks membrane and contains air.

D. It lacks membrane and contains water and excretory substances.

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4

Membranous extensions in blue green algae are known as

A. phytochrome

B. chromatophore

C. mesosome

D. pneumatophore

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4

The membrane of the erythrocytes has approximately ___% of proteins and ___% lipids.

A. 42, 50

B. 52, 40

C. 50, 50

D. 60, 40

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4

Which of the following statements are incorrect ?
  1. Plant cells have centrioles which are absent in almost all animal cells.
  2. Ribosomes are the site of protein synthesis.
  3. The middle lamella is a layer mainly of calcium carbonate which holds the different neighbouring cells together.
  4. In animal cell, steroidal hormones are synthesized by smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Of the above statements

A. (i) and (iii)

B. (iii) and (iv)

C. (ii) and (iv)

D. (i) and (iv)

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4

Match column-I (cell organelle) with column-II membrane and select the correct option from the codes given below.
Column-IColumn-II
A. MitochondriaI. Without membrane
B. LysosomesII. Single membrane
C. RibosomesIII. Double membrane

A. A - I, B - II, C - III

B. A - III, B - I, C - II

C. A - III, B - II, C - I

D. A - II, B - III, C - I

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4

The figure below shows the structure of a mitochondrion with its four parts labelled (A), (B), (C) and (D).

Select the part correctly matched with its function.

A. Part (D): Outer membrane Gives rise to inner membrane by splitting.

B. Part (B): Inner membrane Forms infoldings called cristae.

C. Part (C): Cristae Possess single circular DNA molecule and ribosomes.

D. Part (A): Matrix Major site for respiratory chain enzymes.

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4

In which of the following the cells are held together by a Ca-pectate layer?

A. Primary cell wall

B. Secondary cell wall

C. Middle lamella

D. Tertiary cell wall

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4

Which of the following statements are correct ?
  1. In prokaryotic cells, a special membranous structure formed by the extension of the plasma membrane into the cell is known as polysome.
  2. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is the major site for synthesis of glycoproteins.
  3. RuBisCO is the most abundant protein in the whole biosphere.
  4. Mitochondria, chloroplasts and peroxisomes are not considered as part of endomembrane system. Of the above statements

A. (iii) and (iv)

B. (i) and (ii)

C. (ii) and (iii)

D. (i) and (iv)

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4

Who proposed the theory that Cells arise only from the pre-existing cells?

A. Mohl

B. Virchow

C. Haeckel

D. Brown