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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

Correct Answer :

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)


Related Questions

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4

Most chemical plants use an initial working capital amounting to 10-20% of the total capital investment. But this percentage may increase to __________ percent in case of seasonal products manufacturing plant.

A. 30

B. 50

C. 75

D. 95

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4

For a given fluid, as the pipe diameter increases, the pumping cost

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains the same

D. May increase or decrease, depending upon whether the fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian

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4

An investment of Rs. 1000 is carrying an interest of 10% compounded quarterly. The value of the investment at the end of five years will be

A. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)20

B. 1000 (1 + 0.1)20

C. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)5

D. 1000 (1 + 0.1/2)5

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4

Which of the following does not come under the sales expenses for a product of a chemical plant?

A. Advertising

B. Warehousing

C. Legal fees

D. Customer service

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4

Which of the following ceramic packing materials is the costliest of all?

A. Berl saddles

B. Raschig rings

C. Pall rings

D. Intalox saddles

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

Nominal and effective interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Quarterly

B. Semi-annually

C. Annually

D. In no case, they are equal

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4

In a chemical process plant, the total product cost comprises of manufacturing cost and the

A. General expenses

B. Overhead cost

C. R & D cost

D. None of these

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Annual depreciation cost are not constant when, the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Straight line

B. Sinking fund

C. Present worth

D. Declining balance

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4

The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is

A. Only slightly more

B. Much more

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

Relative cost of chemical process plants in India is about __________ percent more than the similar plants in U.S.A.

A. 15

B. 35

C. 55

D. 75

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

An investment of Rs. 100 lakhs is to be made for construction of a plant, which will take two years to start production. The annual profit from the operation of the plant is Rs. 20 lakhs. What will be the payback time?

A. 5 years

B. 7 years

C. 12 years

D. 10 years

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4

Break-even point is the point of intersection of

A. Fixed cost and total cost

B. Total cost and sales revenue

C. Fixed cost and sales revenue

D. None of these

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4

__________ of depreciation calculation accounts for the interest on investment.

A. Straight line method

B. Declining balance

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Which of the following is a component of working capital investment?

A. Utilities plants

B. Maintenance and repair inventory

C. Process equipments

D. Depreciation

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4

With increase in the discounted cash flow rate of return, the ratio of the total present value to the initial investment of a given project

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Increases linearly

D. Remain constant

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4

A machine has an initial value of Rs. 5000, service life of 5 years and final salvage value of Rs. 1000. The annual depreciation cost by straight line method is Rs.

A. 300

B. 600

C. 800

D. 1000

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4

Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant.

A. 2

B. 10

C. 30

D. 50

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4

Fixed charges for a chemical plant does not include the

A. Interest on borrowed money

B. Rent of land and buildings

C. Property tax, insurance and depreciation

D. Repair and maintenance charges

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4

A series of equal payments (e.g., deposit or cost) made at equal intervals of time is known as

A. Perpetuity

B. Capital charge factor

C. Annuity

D. Future worth

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4

Optimum number of effects in a multiple effect evaporator is decided by the

A. Cost benefit analysis

B. Floor area availability

C. Terminal parameters

D. Evaporation capacity required

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary