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4

Payback period

A. And economic life of a project are the same

B. Is the length of time over which the earnings on a project equals the investment

C. Is affected by the variation in earnings after the recovery of the investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

Correct Answer :

B. Is the length of time over which the earnings on a project equals the investment


Related Questions

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4

If 'S' is the amount available after 'n' interest periods for an initial principal 'P' with the discrete compound interest rate 'i', the present worth is given by

A. (1 + i)n/S

B. S/(1 + i)n

C. S/(1 + in)

D. S/(1 + n)i

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4

Optimum number of effects in a multiple effect evaporator is decided by the

A. Cost benefit analysis

B. Floor area availability

C. Terminal parameters

D. Evaporation capacity required

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

Expenditure on research and development (R & D) is categorised as the __________, while making an estimate of the total product cost for a chemical plant.

A. Overhead cost

B. Fixed expenses

C. General expenses

D. Direct production cost

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the fixed capital for a chemical plant facility?

A. Raw materials inventory

B. Utilities plants

C. Process equipment

D. Emergency facilities

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4

A balance sheet for a chemical plant shows its financial condition at any given date. It does not contain the __________ of the plant.

A. Current asset

B. Current liability

C. Long term debt

D. Profit

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4

Cost of instrumentation in a modern chemical plant ranges from __________ percent of the total plant cost.

A. 5 to 10

B. 20 to 30

C. 40 to 50

D. 60 to 70

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4

__________ method for profitability evaluation of a project does not account for investment cost due to land.

A. Net present worth

B. Pay out period

C. Discounted cash flow

D. Rate of return on investment

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Utilities cost in the operation of chemical process plant comes under the

A. Plant overhead cost

B. Fixed charges

C. Direct production cost

D. General expenses

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4

Cost of piping in a fluid processing unit (e.g., distillation) of a chemical process plant is about __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 4

B. 13

C. 22

D. 34

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

Purchased cost of equipments for a chemical process plant ranges from __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 10 to 20

B. 20 to 40

C. 45 to 60

D. 65 to 75

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Functional depreciation of an equipment is the measure of decrease in its value due to its

A. Ageing

B. Wear and tear

C. Obsolescence

D. Breakdown or accident

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4

In a manufacturing industry, breakeven point occurs, when the

A. Total annual rate of production equals the assigned value

B. Total annual product cost equals the total annual sales

C. Annual profit equals the expected value

D. Annual sales equals the fixed cost

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4

Which of the following is not a component of depreciation cost?

A. Repairs and maintenance cost

B. Loss due to obsolescence of the equipment

C. Loss due to decrease in the demand of product

D. Loss due to accident/breakdown in the machinery

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4

An investment of Rs. 1000 is carrying an interest of 10% compounded quarterly. The value of the investment at the end of five years will be

A. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)20

B. 1000 (1 + 0.1)20

C. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)5

D. 1000 (1 + 0.1/2)5

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4

For a given fluid, as the pipe diameter increases, the pumping cost

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains the same

D. May increase or decrease, depending upon whether the fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross margin = net income - net expenditure

B. Net sales realisation (NSR) = Gross sales - selling expenses

C. At breakeven point, NSR is more than the total production cost

D. Net profit = Gross margin - depreciation - interest

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4

The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is

A. Only slightly more

B. Much more

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal

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4

Payback period

A. And economic life of a project are the same

B. Is the length of time over which the earnings on a project equals the investment

C. Is affected by the variation in earnings after the recovery of the investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Effective and nominal interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Annually

B. Fortnightly

C. Monthly

D. Half-yearly

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)