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Current Affairs January 2024

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Debt-equity ratio of a chemical company describes the lenders contribution for each rupee of owner's contribution i.e., debt-equity ratio = total debt/net worth

B. Return on investment (ROI) is the ratio of profit before interest & tax and capital employed (i.e. net worth + total debt)

C. Working capital = current assets + current liability

D. Turn over = opening stock + production closing stock

Correct Answer :

C. Working capital = current assets + current liability


Related Questions

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4

Depreciation

A. Costs (on annual basis) are constant when the straight line method is used for its determination

B. Is the unavoidable loss in the value of the plant, equipment and materials with lapse in time

C. Does figure in the calculation of income tax liability on cash flows from an investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Scheduling provides information about the

A. Proper utilisation of machines

B. Means to minimise idle time for machines

C. Time of completion of job

D. Time of starting of job and also about how much work should be completed during a particular period

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

The payback method for the measurement of return on investment

A. Gives a correct picture of profitability

B. Underemphasises liquidity

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return

D. Takes into account the cash inflows after the recovery of investments

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4

The amount of simple interest during 'n' interest period is (where, i = interest rate based on the length of one interest period, p = principal)

A. p.i.n.

B. p(1 + i.n)

C. p(1 + i)n

D. p(1 - i.n)

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4

A shareholder has __________ say in the affairs of company management compared to a debenture holder.

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. No

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the working capital for a chemical process plant?

A. Product inventory

B. In-process inventory

C. Minimum cash reserve

D. Storage facilities

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4

Factory manufacturing cost is the sum of the direct production cost

A. Fixed charges and plant overhead cost

B. And plant overhead cost

C. Plant overhead cost and administrative expenses

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Difference between income and expense is termed as gross revenue

B. Unamortised cost is the difference between the original cost of a property and all the depreciation charges made to date

C. Sum-of-the-years-digits methods of depreciation calculation accounts for the interest on the investment

D. Scrap value is the net amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property over and above any charges involved in its removal & sale

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4

In financial accounting of a chemical plant, which of the following relationship is invalid?

A. Assets = equities

B. Assets = liabilities + net worth

C. Total income = costs + profits

D. Assets = capital

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4

Following the six-tenth factor rule, if a loglog plot of capacity of the equipment vs. cost of the equipment is made, then a straight line is obtained, whose slope is equal to

A. 0.1

B. 0.6

C. 0.2

D. 0.8

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Most chemical plants use an initial working capital amounting to 10-20% of the total capital investment. But this percentage may increase to __________ percent in case of seasonal products manufacturing plant.

A. 30

B. 50

C. 75

D. 95

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4

Cost incurred towards __________ in a chemical plant is a component of the utilities cost.

A. Water supply

B. Running a control laboratory

C. Property protection

D. Medical services

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4

Expenditure on research and development (R & D) is categorised as the __________, while making an estimate of the total product cost for a chemical plant.

A. Overhead cost

B. Fixed expenses

C. General expenses

D. Direct production cost

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4

A series of equal payments (e.g., deposit or cost) made at equal intervals of time is known as

A. Perpetuity

B. Capital charge factor

C. Annuity

D. Future worth

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

The __________ of a chemical company can be obtained directly from the balance sheet as the difference between current assets and current liabilities.

A. Cash ratio

B. Net working capital

C. Current ratio

D. Liquids assets

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4

'Lang factor' is defined as the ratio of the capital investment to the delivered cost of major equipments. The value of 'Lang factor' for fixed capital investment, for a solid-fluid processing chemical plant ranges from

A. 1.2 to 1.4

B. 2.5 to 2.7

C. 4.2 to 4.4

D. 6.2 to 6.4

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

Depreciation is __________ in profit with time.

A. Decrease

B. Increase

C. No change

D. None of these

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4

With increase in the discounted cash flow rate of return, the ratio of the total present value to the initial investment of a given project

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Increases linearly

D. Remain constant

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4

Total product cost of a chemical plant does not include the __________ cost.

A. Market survey

B. Operating labour, supervision and supplies

C. Overhead and utilities

D. Depreciation, property tax and insurance

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4

Which of the following is not a current asset of a chemical company?

A. Inventories

B. Marketable securities

C. Chemical equipments

D. None of these

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4

Break-even point is the point of intersection of

A. Fixed cost and total cost

B. Total cost and sales revenue

C. Fixed cost and sales revenue

D. None of these

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4

For a typical project, the cumulative cash flow is zero at the

A. End of the project life

B. Breakeven point

C. Start up

D. End of the design stage

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4

Which of the following is the costliest material of construction used in pressure vessel construction?

A. Low alloy steel

B. Lead

C. Titanium

D. High alloy steel