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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain

Correct Answer :

C. Income


Related Questions

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4

'Utilities' in a chemical process plant includes compressed air, steam, water, electrical power, oxygen, acetylene, fuel gases etc. Utility costs for ordinary chemical process plants ranges roughly from __________ percent of the total product cost.

A. 1 to 5

B. 10 to 20

C. 25 to 35

D. 35 to 45

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Effective and nominal interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Annually

B. Fortnightly

C. Monthly

D. Half-yearly

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4

The amount of compounded interest during 'n' interest periods is

A. p[(1+i)n - 1)]

B. p(1 + i)n

C. p(1 - i)n

D. p(1 + in)

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

A balance sheet for a chemical plant shows its financial condition at any given date. It does not contain the __________ of the plant.

A. Current asset

B. Current liability

C. Long term debt

D. Profit

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

Annual depreciation cost are not constant when, the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Straight line

B. Sinking fund

C. Present worth

D. Declining balance

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these

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4

Depreciation is __________ in profit with time.

A. Decrease

B. Increase

C. No change

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is the costliest source of getting hydrogen on commercial scale for the manufacture of nitrogenous fertiliser?

A. Coal gasification

B. Steam reforming of naphtha

C. Electrolysis of water

D. Coke oven gas

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4

The total investment in a project is Rs. 10 lakhs and the annual profit is 1.5 lakhs. If the project life is 10 years, then the simple rate of return on investment is

A. 15%

B. 10%

C. 1.5%

D. 150%

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross revenue is that total amount of capital received as a result of the sale of goods or service

B. Net revenue is the total profit remaining after deducting all costs excluding taxes

C. The ratio of immediately available cash to the total current liabilities is known as the cash ratio

D. Consolidated income statement based on a given time period indicates surplus capital and shows the relationship among total income, costs & profit over the time interval

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4

Cost of instrumentation in a modern chemical plant ranges from __________ percent of the total plant cost.

A. 5 to 10

B. 20 to 30

C. 40 to 50

D. 60 to 70

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

Purchased cost of equipments for a chemical process plant ranges from __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 10 to 20

B. 20 to 40

C. 45 to 60

D. 65 to 75

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4

A machine has an initial value of Rs. 5000, service life of 5 years and final salvage value of Rs. 1000. The annual depreciation cost by straight line method is Rs.

A. 300

B. 600

C. 800

D. 1000

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4

Fixed capital investment of a chemical plant is the total amount of money needed to supply the necessary plant and manufacturing facilities plus the working capital for operation of the facilities. Which of the following components of fixed capital investment requires minimum percentage of it?

A. Electrical installation cost

B. Equipment installation cost

C. Cost for piping

D. Equipment insulation cost

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

Depreciation

A. Costs (on annual basis) are constant when the straight line method is used for its determination

B. Is the unavoidable loss in the value of the plant, equipment and materials with lapse in time

C. Does figure in the calculation of income tax liability on cash flows from an investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Factory manufacturing cost is the sum of the direct production cost

A. Fixed charges and plant overhead cost

B. And plant overhead cost

C. Plant overhead cost and administrative expenses

D. None of these

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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain