Area at the time of fracture

Original cross-sectional area

Average of (A) and (B)

Minimum area after fracture

B. Original cross-sectional area

9/7

11/7

7/4

1/4

(Net work output)/(Workdone by the turbine)

(Net work output)/(Heat supplied)

(Actual temperature drop)/(Isentropic temperature drop)

(Isentropic increase in temperature)/(Actual increase in temperature)

M/I = σ/y = E/R

T/J = τ/R = Cθ/l

M/R = T/J = Cθ/l

T/l= τ/J = R/Cθ

Soft coal

Hard coal

Pulverised coal

Bituminous coal

Equal to

Less than

More than

None of these

wl/4

wl/2

wl

wl²/2

Isothermal process

Adiabatic process

Free expansion process

Throttling process

Young's modulus

Modulus of rigidity

Bulk modulus

Poisson's ratio

Remains constant

Increases

Decreases

None of these

Maximum shear stress

No shear stress

Minimum shear stress

None of the above

237°C

-273°C

-237°C

273°C

Uniform throughout

Increase uniformly

First increase and then decrease

Increase uniformly first and then increase rapidly

The failure of column occurs due to buckling alone

The length of column is very large as compared to its cross-sectional dimensions

The column material obeys Hooke's law

All of the above

Shear modulus

Section modulus

Polar modulus

None of these

^{γ - 1}

^{γ - 1}

^{γ - 1})

^{γ - 1})

Sum of two specific heats

Difference of two specific heats

Product of two specific heats

Ratio of two specific heats

1.013 bar

760 mm of Hg

^{2} N/m^{2}

All of these

Tensile in both the material

Tensile in steel and compressive in copper

Compressive in steel and tensile in copper

Compressive in both the materials

Equal to

Less than

Greater than

None of these

Tension in the masonry of the dam and its base

Overturning of the dam

Crushing of masonry at the base of the dam

Any one of the above

πd²/4

πd²/16

^{3}/16

^{3}/32

10 MPa

30 MPa

50 MPa

100 MPa

One right angled triangle

Two right angled triangles

One equilateral triangle

Two equilateral triangles

Carnot cycle

Stirling cycle

Otto cycle

None of these

K₁ K₂

(K₁ + K₂)/ 2

(K₁ + K₂)/ K₁ K₂

K₁ K₂/ (K₁ + K₂)

_{1} v_{1} - p_{2} v_{2})/(γ - 1)

_{1} - T_{2})] /(γ - 1)

_{1}/(γ - 1)][1 - (p_{2} v_{2} /p_{1} v_{1})]

All of these

Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel

Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas

Mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel

Mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas

Equal to

Less than

More than

None of these

In the middle

At the tip below the load

At the support

Anywhere

Equal to

Half

Double

Quadruple