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4

Tensile strength of a material is obtained by dividing the maximum load during the test by the

A. Area at the time of fracture

B. Original cross-sectional area

C. Average of (A) and (B)

D. Minimum area after fracture

Correct Answer :

B. Original cross-sectional area


Related Questions

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4

One kg of ethylene (C2H4) requires 2 kg of oxygen and produces 22/7 kg of carbon dioxide and __________ kg of water or steam.

A. 9/7

B. 11/7

C. 7/4

D. 1/4

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4

The work ratio of a gas turbine plant is given by

A. (Net work output)/(Workdone by the turbine)

B. (Net work output)/(Heat supplied)

C. (Actual temperature drop)/(Isentropic temperature drop)

D. (Isentropic increase in temperature)/(Actual increase in temperature)

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4

The bending equation is

A. M/I = σ/y = E/R

B. T/J = τ/R = Cθ/l

C. M/R = T/J = Cθ/l

D. T/l= τ/J = R/Cθ

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4

The __________ is obtained when carbonisation of coal is carried out at 500° to 700° C.

A. Soft coal

B. Hard coal

C. Pulverised coal

D. Bituminous coal

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4

The atomic mass of nitrogen is __________ oxygen.

A. Equal to

B. Less than

C. More than

D. None of these

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4

The bending moment of a cantilever beam of length l and carrying a uniformly distributed load of w per unit length is __________ at the fixed end.

A. wl/4

B. wl/2

C. wl

D. wl²/2

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4

When a perfect gas is expanded through an aperture of minute dimensions, the process is known as

A. Isothermal process

B. Adiabatic process

C. Free expansion process

D. Throttling process

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4

When a body is subjected to three mutually perpendicular stresses, of equal intensity, the ratio of direct stress to the corresponding volumetric strain is known as

A. Young's modulus

B. Modulus of rigidity

C. Bulk modulus

D. Poisson's ratio

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4

According to kinetic theory of gases, the velocity of molecules __________ with the increase in temperature.

A. Remains constant

B. Increases

C. Decreases

D. None of these

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4

Principal planes are planes having

A. Maximum shear stress

B. No shear stress

C. Minimum shear stress

D. None of the above

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4

The absolute zero temperature is taken as

A. 237°C

B. -273°C

C. -237°C

D. 273°C

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4

A thin mild steel wire is loaded by adding loads in equal increments till it breaks. The extensions noted with increasing loads will behave as under

A. Uniform throughout

B. Increase uniformly

C. First increase and then decrease

D. Increase uniformly first and then increase rapidly

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4

The assumption made in Euler's column theory is that

A. The failure of column occurs due to buckling alone

B. The length of column is very large as compared to its cross-sectional dimensions

C. The column material obeys Hooke's law

D. All of the above

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4

In the torsion equation T/J = τ/r = Gθ/ L, the term J/R is called

A. Shear modulus

B. Section modulus

C. Polar modulus

D. None of these

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4

The air standard efficiency of an Otto cycle is given by (where r = Compression ratio, and γ = Ratio of specific heats)

A. 1 - rγ - 1

B. 1 + rγ - 1

C. 1 - (1/ rγ - 1)

D. 1 + (1/ rγ - 1)

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4

The gas constant (R) is equal to the

A. Sum of two specific heats

B. Difference of two specific heats

C. Product of two specific heats

D. Ratio of two specific heats

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4

The standard value of atmospheric pressure taken at sea level is

A. 1.013 bar

B. 760 mm of Hg

C. 1013 × 102 N/m2

D. All of these

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4

A composite bar made up of steel and copper bars of equal lengths are heated through 100°C. The stresses developed shall be

A. Tensile in both the material

B. Tensile in steel and compressive in copper

C. Compressive in steel and tensile in copper

D. Compressive in both the materials

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4

For riveting, the size of hole drilled in plates is __________ shank diameter of rivet.

A. Equal to

B. Less than

C. Greater than

D. None of these

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4

A masonry dam may fail due to

A. Tension in the masonry of the dam and its base

B. Overturning of the dam

C. Crushing of masonry at the base of the dam

D. Any one of the above

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4

The section modulus of a circular section about an axis through its C.G., is

A. πd²/4

B. πd²/16

C. πd3/16

D. πd3/32

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4

The state of stress at a point in a loaded member is shown in the below figure. The magnitude of maximum shear stress is

A. 10 MPa

B. 30 MPa

C. 50 MPa

D. 100 MPa

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4

The shear force diagram for a simply supported beam carrying a uniformly distributed load of w per unit length, consists of

A. One right angled triangle

B. Two right angled triangles

C. One equilateral triangle

D. Two equilateral triangles

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4

A cycle consisting of two constant pressure and two isentropic processes is known as

A. Carnot cycle

B. Stirling cycle

C. Otto cycle

D. None of these

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4

A composite shaft consisting of two stepped portions having spring constants K₁ and K₂ is held between two rigid supports at the ends. Its equivalent spring constant is

A. K₁ K₂

B. (K₁ + K₂)/ 2

C. (K₁ + K₂)/ K₁ K₂

D. K₁ K₂/ (K₁ + K₂)

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4

Workdone during adiabatic expansion is given by (where p1 v1, T1 = Pressure, volume and temperature for the initial condition of gas, p2, v2, T2 = Corresponding values for the final condition of gas, R = Gas constant, and γ = Ratio of specific heats)

A. (p1 v1 - p2 v2)/(γ - 1)

B. [m R (T1 - T2)] /(γ - 1)

C. [m R T1/(γ - 1)][1 - (p2 v2 /p1 v1)]

D. All of these

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4

The mass of flue gas per kg of fuel is the ratio of the

A. Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel

B. Mass of oxygen in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of oxygen in 1 kg of flue gas

C. Mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel

D. Mass of carbon in 1 kg of fuel to the mass of carbon in 1 kg of flue gas

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4

In order to prevent crushing of masonry at the base of the dam, the maximum stress should be __________ the permissible stress of the soil.

A. Equal to

B. Less than

C. More than

D. None of these

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4

A beam is loaded as cantilever. If the load at the end is increased, the failure will occur

A. In the middle

B. At the tip below the load

C. At the support

D. Anywhere

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4

The deformation of a bar under its own weight is _________ the deformation, if the same body is subjected to a direct load equal to weight of the body.

A. Equal to

B. Half

C. Double

D. Quadruple