M/I = σ/y = E/R

T/J = τ/R = Cθ/l

M/R = T/J = Cθ/l

T/l= τ/J = R/Cθ

A. M/I = σ/y = E/R

Zero

wl/4

wl/2

wl²/2

(Net work output)/(Workdone by the turbine)

(Net work output)/(Heat supplied)

(Actual temperature drop)/(Isentropic temperature drop)

(Isentropic increase in temperature)/(Actual increase in temperature)

Isothermally

Isentropically

Polytropically

None of these

Elastic limit

Yield stress

Ultimate stress

Breaking stress

Top layer

Bottom layer

Neutral axis

Every cross-section

Remains constant

Increases

Decreases

None of these

Absolute pressure = Gauge pressure + Atmospheric pressure

Gauge pressure = Absolute pressure + Atmospheric pressure

Atmospheric pressure = Absolute pressure + Gauge pressure

Absolute pressure = Gauge pressure - Atmospheric pressure

Shear force changes sign

Shear force is maximum

Bending moment changes sign

Bending moment is maximum

Equal to

Less than

Greater than

None of these

4/7

11/4

9/7

All of these

Tensile in both the material

Tensile in steel and compressive in copper

Compressive in steel and tensile in copper

Compressive in both the materials

_{x} + σ_{y})/2 + (1/2) × √[(σ_{x} - σ_{y})² + 4 τ²_{xy}]

_{x} + σ_{y})/2 - (1/2) × √[(σ_{x} - σ_{y})² + 4 τ²_{xy}]

_{x} - σ_{y})/2 + (1/2) × √[(σ_{x} + σ_{y})² + 4 τ²_{xy}]

_{x} - σ_{y})/2 - (1/2) × √[(σ_{x} + σ_{y})² + 4 τ²_{xy}]

Workdone

Entropy

Enthalpy

None of these

1.817

2512

4.187

None of these

Wl3 / 48EI

5Wl3 / 384EI

Wl3 / 392EI

Wl3 / 384EI

1

0

-1

10

Frequent heat treatment

Fatigue

Creep

Shock loading

Fixed at both ends

Fixed at one end and free at the other end

Supported on more than two supports

Extending beyond the supports

Extensive heat is transferred

Extensive work is done

Extensive energy is utilised

None of these

8/3

11/3

11/7

7/3

The first row

The second row

The central row

One rivet hole of the end row

Loss of heat

No loss of heat

Gain of heat

No gain of heat

Boyle's law

Charles' law

Gay-Lussac law

Avogadro's law

Carnot cycle can't work with saturated steam

Heat is supplied to water at temperature below the maximum temperature of the cycle

A Rankine cycle receives heat at two places

Rankine cycle is hypothetical

12

14

16

32

Plasticity

Ductility

Elasticity

Malleability

Two constant volume and two isentropic processes

Two constant pressure and two isentropic processes

Two constant volume and two isothermal processes

One constant pressure, one constant volume and two isentropic processes

It is used as the alternate standard of comparison of all heat engines.

All the heat engines are based on Carnot cycle.

It provides concept of maximising work output between the two temperature limits.

All of the above

Increase key length

Increase key depth

Increase key width

Double all the dimensions

τ²/ 2G × Volume of shaft

τ/ 2G × Volume of shaft

τ²/ 4G × Volume of shaft

τ/ 4G × Volume of shaft