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The co-efficient of performance (COP) of a refrigerating system, which is its index of performance, is defined as the ratio of useful refrigeration to the net work. The units of __________ and COP are the same.

A. Kinematic viscosity

B. Work

C. Temperature

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

D. None of these


Related Questions

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For any system, what is the minimum number of degrees of freedom?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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For an isothermal reversible compression of an ideal gas

A. Only ΔE = 0

B. Only ΔH =0

C. ΔE = ΔH = 0

D. dQ = dE

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The quantitative effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium is given by the

A. Vant-Hoff equation

B. Le-Chatelier's principle

C. Arrhenius equation

D. None of these

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Which of the following has the least thermal efficiency?

A. Steam engine

B. Carnot engine

C. Diesel engine

D. Otto engine

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__________ functions are exemplified by heat and work.

A. Path

B. Point

C. State

D. None of these

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Free energy change at equilibrium is

A. Zero

B. Positive

C. Negative

D. Indeterminate

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Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A. Molar heat capacity

B. Internal energy

C. Viscosity

D. None of these

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The following heat engine produces power of 100,000 kW. The heat engine operates between 800 K and 300 K. It has a thermal efficiency equal to 50% of that of the Carnot engine for the same temperature. The rate at which heat is absorbed from the hot reservoir is

A. 100,000 kW

B. 160,000 kW

C. 200,000 kW

D. 320,000 kW

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Which of the following equations is obtained on combining 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, for a system of constant mass?

A. dE = Tds - PdV

B. dQ = CvdT + PdV

C. dQ = CpdT + Vdp

D. Tds = dE - PdV

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Free energy, fugacity and activity co-efficient are all affected by change in the temperature. The fugacity co-efficient of a gas at constant pressure ____with the increase of reduced temperature.

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains constant

D. Decreases logarithmically

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First law of thermodynamics deals with the

A. Direction of energy transfer

B. Reversible processes only

C. Irreversible processes only

D. None of these

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For an isothermal process, the internal energy of a gas

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. Data insufficient, can't be predicted

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4

One ton of refrigeration is defined as the heat rate corresponding to melting of one ton of ice in one

A. Hour

B. Day

C. Minute

D. Second

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Pick out the wrong statement pertaining to the decomposition of PCl5 represented by, PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2.Degree of dissociation of PCl5 will

A. Decrease on addition of Cl2

B. Increase on addition of an inert gas at constant pressure

C. Decrease on increasing the pressure of the system

D. None of these

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As the entropy of the universe is increasing, day by day, the work producing capacity of a heat engine is

A. Not changed

B. Decreasing

C. Increasing

D. Data sufficient, can't be predicted

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Joule-Thomson experiment is

A. Isobaric

B. Adiabatic

C. Isenthalpic

D. Both (B) & (C)

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The gas law (PV = RT) is true for an __________ change.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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In any spontaneous process,

A. Only F decreases

B. Only A decreases

C. Both F and A decreases

D. Both F and A increase

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Entropy of the system decreases, when

A. Snow melts into water

B. A gas expands spontaneously from high pressure to low pressure

C. Water is converted into ice

D. Both (B) & (C)

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At a given temperature, the volume of a gas dissolved in a solvent __________ with increase in pressure.

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. May increase or decrease; depends on the gas

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Gases are cooled in Joule-Thomson expansion, when it is __________ inversion temperature.

A. Below

B. At

C. Above

D. Either 'b' or 'c'

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Heat requirement for decomposition of a compound into its elements is __________ that is evolved during the formation of that compound from its elements.

A. The same

B. Less than

C. Greater than

D. Different than

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Mollier chart is a __________ plot.

A. Pressure vs. enthalpy

B. Pressure vs. volume

C. Enthalpy vs. entropy

D. Temperature vs. entropy

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In a homogeneous solution, the fugacity of a component depends upon the

A. Pressure

B. Composition

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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At absolute zero temperature, the __________ of the gas is zero.

A. Pressure

B. Volume

C. Mass

D. None of these

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In any spontaneous process, the __________ free energy decreases.

A. Helmholtz

B. Gibbs

C. Both a & b

D. Neither 'a' nor 'b'

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At equilibrium condition, the chemical potential of a material in different phases in contact with each other is equal. The chemical potential for a real gas (μ) is given by (where, μ = standard chemical potential at unit fugacity (f° = 1 atm.) and the gas behaves ideally.)

A. μ° + RT ln f

B. μ°+ R ln f

C. μ° + T ln f

D. μ° + R/T ln f

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Absolute zero temperature signifies the

A. Minimum temperature attainable

B. Temperature of the heat reservoir to which a Carnot engine rejects all the heat that is taken in

C. Temperature of the heat reservoir to which a Carnot engine rejects no heat

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Activity co-efficient is dimensionless.

B. In case of an ideal gas, the fugacity is equal to its pressure.

C. In a mixture of ideal gases, the fugacity of a component is equal to the partial pressure of the component.

D. The fugacity co-efficient is zero for an ideal gas

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Joule-Thomson co-efficient which is defined as, η = (∂T/∂P)H = 1/Cp (∂H/∂T)P, changes sign at a temperature known as inversion temperature. The value of Joule-Thomson co-efficient at inversion temperature is

A. 0

B.

C. +ve

D. -ve