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4

The compressibility factor for an ideal gas is 1. Its value for any other real gas is

A. 1

B. < 1

C. > 1

D. Either (B) or (C), depends on the nature of the gas

Correct Answer :

D. Either (B) or (C), depends on the nature of the gas


Related Questions

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4

In vapour compression refrigeration system, if the evaporator temperature and the condenser temperatures are -13°C and 37°C respectively, the Carnot COP will be

A. 5.2

B. 6.2

C. 0.168

D. Data insufficient, can't be found out

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4

For any system, what is the minimum number of degrees of freedom?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

Dryness fraction of wet steam is defined as the ratio of mass of vapour in the mixture to the mass of mixture __________ calorimeter is not used for measuring the dryness fraction of steam.

A. Bomb

B. Separating

C. Bucket

D. Throttling

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4

A change in state involving a decrease in entropy can be spontaneous, only if

A. It is exothermic

B. It is isenthalpic

C. It takes place isothermally

D. It takes place at constant volume

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4

Entropy change for an irreversible isolated system is

A.

B. 0

C. < 0

D. > 0

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4

As the entropy of the universe is increasing, day by day, the work producing capacity of a heat engine is

A. Not changed

B. Decreasing

C. Increasing

D. Data sufficient, can't be predicted

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4

An ideal monatomic gas is taken round the cycle ABCDA as shown below in the P-V diagram. The work done during the cycle is

A. PV

B. 2PV

C. PV/2

D. 0

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4

The fugacity of a gas in a mixture is equal to the product of its mole fraction and its fugacity in the pure state at the total pressure of the mixture. This is

A. The statement as per Gibbs-Helmholtz

B. Called Lewis-Randall rule

C. Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

If the molar heat capacities (Cp or Cv) of the reactants and products of a chemical reaction are identical, then, with the increase in temperature, the heat of reaction will

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain unaltered

D. Increase or decrease; depends on the particular reaction

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4

Entropy change for an irreversible process taking system and surrounding together is

A. 0

B. > 0

C. < 0

D. None of these

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4

Compressibility factor of a gas is

A. Not a function of its pressure

B. Not a function of its nature

C. Not a function of its temperature

D. Unity, if it follows PV = nRT

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4

Compound having large heat of formation is

A. More stable

B. Less stable

C. Not at all stable (like nascent O2)

D. Either more or less stable; depends on the compound

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4

A system undergoes a change from a given initial state to a given final state either by an irreversible process or by a reversible process, then (where, Δ S1 and Δ SR are the entropy changes of the system for the irreversible and reversible processes respectively)

A. Δ S1 is always < Δ SR

B. Δ S1 is sometimes > Δ SR

C. Δ S1 is always > Δ SR

D. Δ S1 is always = Δ SR

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4

Generation of heat by friction is an example of a/an __________ change.

A. Isothermal

B. Irreversible

C. Adiabatic

D. Reversible

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4

For an ideal gas, the activity co-efficient is

A. Directly proportional to pressure

B. Inversely proportional to pressure

C. Unity at all pressures

D. None of these

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4

In case of a close thermodynamic system, there is __________ across the boundaries.

A. No heat and mass transfer

B. No mass transfer but heat transfer

C. Mass and energy transfer

D. None of these

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4

Which one is true for a throttling process?

A. A gas may have more than one inversion temperatures

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases

C. The inversion temperature is same for all gases

D. The inversion temperature is the temperature at which Joule-Thomson co-efficient is infinity

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4

An isolated system can exchange __________ with its surroundings.

A. Matter

B. Energy

C. Neither matter nor energy

D. Both matter and energy

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4

In any spontaneous process,

A. Only F decreases

B. Only A decreases

C. Both F and A decreases

D. Both F and A increase

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4

If the heat of solution of an ideal gas in a liquid is negative, then its solubility at a given partial pressure varies with the temperature as

A. Solubility increases as temperature increases

B. Solubility increases as temperature decreases

C. Solubility is independent of temperature

D. Solubility increases or decreases with temperature depending on the Gibbs free energy change of solution

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4

The free energy change for a chemical reaction is given by (where, K = equilibrium constant)

A. RT ln K

B. -RT ln K

C. -R ln K

D. T ln K

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4

For an irreversible process involving only pressure-volume work

A. (dF)T, p <0

B. (dF)T, p = 0

C. (dF)T, p > 0

D. (dA)T, v >0

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4

Dry ice is

A. Moisture free ice

B. Solid helium

C. Solid carbon dioxide

D. None of these

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4

For an ideal liquid solution, which of the following is unity?

A. Activity

B. Fugacity

C. Activity co-efficient

D. Fugacity co-efficient

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. A real gas on expansion in vacuum gets heated up

B. An ideal gas on expansion in vacuum gets cooled

C. An ideal gas on expansion in vacuum gets heated up

D. A real gas on expansion in vacuum cools down whereas ideal gas remains unaffected

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4

What is the number of degree of freedom for a system of two miscible non-reacting species in vapor-liquid equilibrium forming an azeotrope?

A. 0

B. 2

C. 1

D. 3

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4

COP of a refrigerator drawing 1 kW of power per ton of refrigeration is about

A. 0.5

B. 3.5

C. 4.5

D. 8.5

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4

During a reversible isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, the entropy change is

A. +ve

B. 0

C. -ve

D.

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4

The thermodynamic law, PVy = constant, is not applicable in case of

A. Ideal compression of air

B. Free expansion of an ideal gas

C. Adiabatic expansion of steam in a turbine

D. Adiabatic compression of a perfect gas

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4

At normal boiling point, molar entropy of vaporisation is __________ Joule/K°.mole.

A. 72

B. 92

C. 142

D. 192