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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

Correct Answer :

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year


Related Questions

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

Depreciation

A. Costs (on annual basis) are constant when the straight line method is used for its determination

B. Is the unavoidable loss in the value of the plant, equipment and materials with lapse in time

C. Does figure in the calculation of income tax liability on cash flows from an investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Optimum number of effects in a multiple effect evaporator is decided by the

A. Cost benefit analysis

B. Floor area availability

C. Terminal parameters

D. Evaporation capacity required

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4

The ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment is termed as the __________ ratio.

A. Cash reserve

B. Capital

C. Turnover

D. Investment

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4

The 'total capital investment' for a chemical process plant comprises of the fixed capital investment and the

A. Overhead cost

B. Working capital

C. Indirect production cost

D. Direct production cost

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4

In a chemical process plant, the total product cost comprises of manufacturing cost and the

A. General expenses

B. Overhead cost

C. R & D cost

D. None of these

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

Annual depreciation costs are constant, when the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Declining balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. None of these

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4

A shareholder has __________ say in the affairs of company management compared to a debenture holder.

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. No

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4

Cost of instrumentation in a modern chemical plant ranges from __________ percent of the total plant cost.

A. 5 to 10

B. 20 to 30

C. 40 to 50

D. 60 to 70

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4

Cost incurred towards __________ in a chemical plant is a component of the utilities cost.

A. Water supply

B. Running a control laboratory

C. Property protection

D. Medical services

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

The amount of simple interest during 'n' interest period is (where, i = interest rate based on the length of one interest period, p = principal)

A. p.i.n.

B. p(1 + i.n)

C. p(1 + i)n

D. p(1 - i.n)

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Debt-equity ratio of a chemical company describes the lenders contribution for each rupee of owner's contribution i.e., debt-equity ratio = total debt/net worth

B. Return on investment (ROI) is the ratio of profit before interest & tax and capital employed (i.e. net worth + total debt)

C. Working capital = current assets + current liability

D. Turn over = opening stock + production closing stock

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Chemical engineering plant cost index is used for finding the present cost of a particular chemical plant, if the cost of similar plant at some time in the past is known. The present cost of the plant = original cost × (index value at present/ index value at time original cost was obtained). The most major component of this cost index is

A. Fabricated equipment and machinery

B. Process instruments and control

C. Pumps and compressor

D. Electrical equipments and material

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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

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4

Which of the following is the costliest source of getting hydrogen on commercial scale for the manufacture of nitrogenous fertiliser?

A. Coal gasification

B. Steam reforming of naphtha

C. Electrolysis of water

D. Coke oven gas

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the working capital for a chemical process plant?

A. Product inventory

B. In-process inventory

C. Minimum cash reserve

D. Storage facilities

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4

Break-even point is the point of intersection of

A. Fixed cost and total cost

B. Total cost and sales revenue

C. Fixed cost and sales revenue

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Net worth means paid up share capital and reserve & surplus (i.e. shareholders equity)

B. Return on equity = profit after tax/net worth

C. Working capital turnover ratio = sales/net working capital

D. Total cost of production is more than net sales realisation (NSR) at breakeven point

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4

Most chemical plants use an initial working capital amounting to 10-20% of the total capital investment. But this percentage may increase to __________ percent in case of seasonal products manufacturing plant.

A. 30

B. 50

C. 75

D. 95

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4

Which of the following ceramic packing materials is the costliest of all?

A. Berl saddles

B. Raschig rings

C. Pall rings

D. Intalox saddles

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4

The total investment in a project is Rs. 10 lakhs and the annual profit is 1.5 lakhs. If the project life is 10 years, then the simple rate of return on investment is

A. 15%

B. 10%

C. 1.5%

D. 150%

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4

In which of the electric power generation system, the operating cost is minimum?

A. Thermal

B. Nuclear

C. Hydroelectric

D. Fast breeder reactor

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4

A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs.

A. 121

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

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4

Gantt chart (or Bar chart) is helpful in

A. Efficient utilisation of manpower and machines

B. Preparing production schedule

C. Efficient despatching of products

D. Inventory control

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4

With increase in the discounted cash flow rate of return, the ratio of the total present value to the initial investment of a given project

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Increases linearly

D. Remain constant

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4

Which of the following is not a current asset of a chemical company?

A. Inventories

B. Marketable securities

C. Chemical equipments

D. None of these