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4

The enthalpy change when ammonia gas is dissolved in water is called the heat of

A. Solution

B. Formation

C. Dilution

D. Combustion

Correct Answer :

A. Solution


Related Questions

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4

If the internal energy of an ideal gas decreases by the same amount as the work done by the system, then the

A. Process must be isobaric

B. Temperature must decrease

C. Process must be adiabatic

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

High __________ is an undesirable property for a good refrigerant.

A. Specific heat

B. Latent heat of vaporisation

C. Viscosity

D. Specific vapor volume

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4

A two stage compressor is used to compress an ideal gas. The gas is cooled to the initial temperature after each stage. The intermediate pressure for the minimum total work requirement should be equal to the __________ mean of P1 and P2. (where, P1 and P2 are initial and final pressures respectively)

A. Logarithmic

B. Arithmetic

C. Geometric

D. Harmonic

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4

Which of the following has the minimum value of COP for a given refrigeration effect?

A. Reverse Carnot cycle

B. Ordinary vapour-compression cycle

C. Vapour-compression process with a reversible expansion engine

D. Air refrigeration cycle

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4

Claude gas liquefaction process employs cooling

A. At constant pressure

B. By throttling

C. By expansion in an engine

D. None of these

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4

Throttling process is a/an __________ process.

A. Reversible and isothermal

B. Irreversible and constant enthalpy

C. Reversible and constant entropy

D. Reversible and constant enthalpy

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4

Entropy is a/an

A. State function

B. Macroscopic property

C. Extensive property

D. None of these

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4

(1/V) (∂V/∂T)P is the mathematical expression

A. Joule-Thomson co-efficient

B. Specific heat at constant pressure (Cp)

C. co-efficient of thermal expansion

D. Specific heat at constant volume (CV)

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4

The entropy change in a reversible isothermal process, when an ideal gas expands to four times its initial volume is

A. R loge 4

B. R log10 4

C. Cv log10 4

D. Cv loge 4

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4

Joule-Thomson Co-efficient at any point on the inversion curve is

A.

B. +ve

C. 0

D. -ve

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4

Fugacity and pressure are numerically not equal for the gases

A. At low temperature and high pressure

B. At standard state

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. In ideal state

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4

After throttling, gas temperature

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remain same

D. May increase or decrease; depends on the nature of the gas

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4

In jet refrigerators, the refrigerating fluid is practically always

A. Water

B. Ammonia

C. Freon

D. Brine

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4

The standard Gibbs free energy change of a reaction depends on the equilibrium

A. Pressure

B. Temperature

C. Composition

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

The rate at which a substance reacts is proportional to its active mass and the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional to the product of active masses of the reacting substances. This is the

A. Lewis-Randall rule

B. Statement of Van't Hoff Equation

C. Le-Chatelier's principle

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. If an insoluble gas is passed through a volatile liquid placed in a perfectly insulated container, the temperature of the liquid will increase

B. A process is irreversible as long as Δ S for the system is greater than zero

C. The mechanical work done by a system is always equal to∫P.dV

D. The heat of formation of a compound is defined as the heat of reaction leading to the formation of the compound from its reactants

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4

Change of heat content when one mole of compound is burnt in oxygen at constant pressure is called the

A. Calorific value

B. Heat of reaction

C. Heat of combustion

D. Heat of formation

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4

y = specific heat ratio of an ideal gas is equal to

A. Cp/Cv

B. Cp/(CP-R)

C. 1 + (R/CV)

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

For a constant volume process

A. dE = CpdT

B. dE = CvdT

C. dQ = dE + pdV

D. dW = pdV

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Compression ratio of an Otto engine is comparatively higher than a diesel engine

B. Efficiency of an Otto engine is higher than that of a diesel engine for the same compression ratio

C. Otto engine efficiency decreases with the rise in compression ratio, due to decrease in work produced per quantity of heat

D. Diesel engine normally operates at lower compression ratio than an Otto engine for an equal output of work

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4

Refrigeration cycle

A. Violates second law of thermodynamics

B. Involves transfer of heat from low temperature to high temperature

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. A refrigeration cycle violates the second law of thermodynamics

B. Refrigeration cycle is normally represented by a temperature vs. entropy plot

C. In a refrigerator, work required decreases as the temperature of the refrigerator and the temperature at which heat is rejected increases

D. One ton of refrigeration is equivalent to the rate of heat absorption equal to 3.53 kW

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4

For an ideal gas, the internal energy depends upon its __________ only.

A. Molecular size

B. Temperature

C. Volume

D. Pressure

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4

In case of the decomposition of hydroiodic acid (2HI H2 + I2), addition of H2 (at equilibrium condition) will

A. Increase the partial pressure of I2

B. Decrease the partial pressure of HI

C. Diminish the degree of dissociation of HI

D. None of these

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4

The internal energy of an ideal gas is a function of its __________ only.

A. Molecular size

B. Volume

C. Pressure

D. Temperature

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4

In an isothermal process on an ideal gas, the pressure increases by 0.5 percent. The volume decreases by about __________ percent.

A. 0.25

B. 0.5

C. 0.75

D. 1

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4

Which of the following is not an equation of state?

A. Bertholet equation

B. Clausius-Clapeyron equation

C. Beattie-Bridgeman equation

D. None of these

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4

Keeping the pressure constant, to double the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas at 27°C, the temperature should be raised to __________ °C.

A. 270

B. 327

C. 300

D. 540

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4

In the reaction, C + O2 → CO2; ΔH = - 94 kcal. What is the heat content (enthalpy) of O2?

A. -94 kcal

B. > -94 kcal

C. < - 94 kcal

D. Zero