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4

The expression Q = ρ AT4 is called

A. Fourier equation

B. Stefan-Boltzmann equation

C. Newton Reichmann equation

D. Joseph-Stefan equation

Correct Answer :

B. Stefan-Boltzmann equation


Related Questions

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4

A cube at high temperature is immersed in a constant temperature bath. It loses heat from its top, bottom and side surfaces with heat transfer coefficients of h₁, h₂ and h₃ respectively. The average heat transfer coefficient for the cube is

A. h₁ + h₂ + h₃

B. (h₁.h₂.h₃)1/3

C. 1/h₁ + 1/h₂ + 1/h₃

D. None of these

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4

In counter current flow heat exchanger, the logarithmic temperature difference between the fluids is ________ as compared to parallel flow heat exchanger.

A. Same

B. Less

C. Greater

D. None of these

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4

Thermal diffusivity of a substance is

A. Directly proportional to thermal conductivity

B. Inversely proportional to density of substance

C. Inversely proportional to specific heat

D. All of the above

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4

Thermal conductivity of water in general with rise in temperature

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. May increase or decrease depending on temperature

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4

Moisture would find its way into insulation by vapour pressure unless it is prevented by

A. High thickness of insulation

B. High vapour pressure

C. Less thermal conductivity insulator

D. A vapour seal

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4

The heat is transferred by conduction, convection and radiation in

A. Melting of ice

B. Boiler furnaces

C. Condensation of steam in condenser

D. None of these

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4

The heat transfer by conduction through a thick cylinder (Q) is given by (where T₁ = Higher temperature, T₂ = Lower temperature, r₁ = Inside radius, r₂ = Outside radius, l = Length of cylinder, and k = Thermal conductivity)

A. Q = [2πlk (T₁ - T₂)]/2.3 log (r₂/r₁)

B. Q = 2.3 log (r₂/r₁)/[2πlk (T₁ - T₂)]

C. Q = [2π (T₁ - T₂)]/2.3 lk log (r₂/r₁)

D. Q = = 2πlk/2.3 (T₁ - T₂) log (r₂/r₁)

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4

The heat transfer from a hot body to a cold body is directly proportional to the surface area and difference of temperatures between the two bodies. This statement is called

A. First law of thermodynamics

B. Newton's law of cooling

C. Newton's law of heating

D. Stefan's law

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4

The radiation emitted by a black body is known as

A. Black radiation

B. Full radiation

C. Total radiation

D. All of these

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4

The product of Reynolds number and Prandtl number is known as

A. Stanton number

B. Biot number

C. Peclet number

D. Grashoff number

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4

According to Prevost theory of heat exchange

A. It is impossible to transfer heat from low temperature source to t high temperature source

B. Heat transfer by radiation requires no medium

C. All bodies above absolute zero emit radiation

D. Heat transfer in most of the cases takes place by combination of conduction, convection and radiation

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4

Heat conducted through per unit area and unit thick face per unit time when temperature difference between opposite faces is unity, is called

A. Thermal resistance

B. Thermal coefficient

C. Temperature gradient

D. Thermal conductivity

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4

The amount of radiation mainly depends on

A. Nature of body

B. Temperature of body

C. Type of surface of body

D. All of the above

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction is valid for

A. One dimensional cases only

B. Two dimensional cases only

C. Three dimensional cases only

D. Regular surfaces having non-uniform temperature gradients

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4

The insulation ability of an insulator with the presence of moisture would

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain unaffected

D. May increase/decrease depending on temperature and thickness of insulation

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4

Fouling factor is used

A. In heat exchanger design as a safety factor

B. In case of Newtonian fluids

C. When a liquid exchanges heat with a gas

D. None of the above

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4

The rate of energy transferred by convection to that by conduction is called

A. Stanton number

B. Nusselt number

C. Biot number

D. Peclet number

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4

Unit of thermal conductivity in M.K.S. units is

A. K cal/kg m² °C

B. K cal m/hr m² °C

C. K cal/hr m² °C

D. K calm/hr °C

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4

Thermal conductivity of non-metallic amorphous solids with decrease in temperature

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. May increase or decrease depending on temperature

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4

Film coefficient is defined as Inside diameter of tube

A. Equivalent thickness of film

B. Thermal conductivity Equivalent thickness of film Specific heat × Viscosity

C. Thermal conductivity Molecular diffusivity of momentum Thermal diffusivity

D. Film coefficient × Inside diameter Thermal conductivity

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4

The critical temperature is the temperature

A. Below which a gas does not obey gas laws

B. Above which a gas may explode

C. Below which a gas is always liquefied

D. Above which a gas will never liquefied

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4

Which of the following has least value of conductivity?

A. Glass

B. Water

C. Plastic

D. Air

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4

According to Newton's law of cooling, the heat transfer from a hot body to a cold body is

A. Directly proportional to the surface area

B. Directly proportional to the difference of temperatures between the two bodies

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Both (A) and (B)

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4

In convection heat transfer from hot flue gases to water tube, even though flow may be turbulent, a laminar flow region (boundary layer of film) exists close to the tube. The heat transfer through this film takes place by

A. Convection

B. Radiation

C. Conduction

D. Both convection and conduction

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4

Total heat is the heat required to

A. Change vapour into liquid

B. Change liquid into vapour

C. Increase the temperature of a liquid or vapour

D. Convert water into steam and superheat it

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4

The ratio of the thickness of thermal boundary layer to the thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer is equal to (Prandtl number) n, where n is equal to

A. -1/3

B. -2/3

C. 1

D. -1

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4

Two long parallel surfaces each of emissivity 0.7 are maintained at different temperatures and accordingly have radiation heat exchange between them. It is desired to reduce 75% of the radiant heat transfer by inserting thin parallel shields of emissivity 1 on both sides. The number of shields should be

A. One

B. Two

C. Three

D. Four

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4

The critical thickness of insulation for a sphere is

A. k/h₀

B. 2k/h₀

C. h₀/k

D. h₀/2k

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4

The transfer of heat by molecular collision is smallest in

A. Solids

B. Liquids

C. Gases

D. None of these

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4

The heat transfer by conduction through a thick sphere is given by

A. Q = 2πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

B. Q = 4πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

C. Q = 6πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

D. Q = 8πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)