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4

The jet ratio is defined as the ratio of the

A. Diameter of jet to the diameter of Pelton wheel

B. Velocity of jet to the velocity of Pelton wheel

C. Diameter of Pelton wheel to the diameter of jet

D. Velocity of Pelton wheel to the velocity of jet

Correct Answer :

C. Diameter of Pelton wheel to the diameter of jet


Related Questions

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4

In a centrifugal pump casing, the flow of water leaving the

A. Radial

B. Axial

C. Centrifugal

D. Vortex

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4

A Pelton wheel develops 1750 kW under a head of 100 metres while running at 200 r.p.m. and discharging 2500 litres of water per second. The unit power of the wheel is

A. 0.25 kW

B. 0.75 kW

C. 1.75 kW

D. 3.75 kW

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4

In an inward flow reaction turbine

A. The water flows parallel to the axis of the wheel

B. The water enters at the centre of the wheel and then flows towards the outer periphery of the wheel

C. The water enters the wheel at the outer periphery and then flows towards the centre of the wheel

D. The flow of water is partly radial and partly axial

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4

Which of the following is not an impulse turbine?

A. Girad turbine

B. Turgo turbine

C. Pelton wheel

D. Kaplan turbine

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4

Puck up the wrong statement about centrifugal pump

A. Discharge a diameter

B. Head a speed²

C. Head a diameter

D. Power a speed⁴

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4

Medium specific speed of turbine implies it is

A. Propeller turbine

B. Francis turbine

C. Impulse turbine

D. Any one of the above

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4

The number of buckets on the periphery of a Pelton wheel is given by

A. (D/2d) + 5

B. (D/2d) + 10

C. (D/2d) + 15

D. (D/2d) + 20

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4

In a single casing, multistage pump running at constant speed, the capacity rating is to be slightly lowered. It can be done by

A. Designing new impeller

B. Trimming the impeller size to the required size by machining

C. Not possible

D. Some other alterations in the impeller

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4

The cavitation in reaction turbines is avoided, to a great extent by

A. Installing the turbine below the tail race level

B. Using stainless steel runner of the turbine

C. Providing highly polished blades to the runner

D. All of the above

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4

In a Francis turbine runner, the numbers of blades are generally between

A. 2 to 4

B. 4 to 8

C. 8 to 16

D. 16 to 24

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4

One horsepower is equal to

A. 102 watts

B. 75 watts

C. 550 watts

D. 735 watts

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4

Overall efficiency of a centrifugal pump is the ratio of

A. Energy available at the impeller to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover

B. Actual workdone by the pump to the energy supplied to the pump by the prime mover

C. Energy supplied to the pump to the energy available at the impeller

D. Manometric head to the energy supplied by the impeller per kN of water

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4

When a piping system is made up primarily of vertical lift and very little pipe friction, the pump characteristics should be

A. Horizontal

B. Nearly horizontal

C. Steep

D. First rise and then fall

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4

The efficiency of a Pelton wheel working under constant head ________ with the increase in power.

A. Remain same

B. Increases

C. Decreases

D. None of these

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4

Impulse turbine is generally fitted

A. At the level of tail race

B. Little above the tail race

C. Slightly below the tail race

D. About 2.5 m above the tail race to avoid cavitations.

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4

A ship with jet propulsion draws water through inlet orifices at right angles to the direction of its motion. The propelling force of the jet is (where a = Area of the jet, Vr = Relative velocity of the jet and ship = V + v, v = Velocity of the ship, and V = Velocity of the jet issuing from the ship)

A. waVr /g × (Vr + v)

B. waVr /g × (Vr - v)

C. waVr /g × (Vr + v)²

D. waVr /g × (Vr - v)²

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4

For starting an axial flow pump, its delivery valve should be

A. Closed

B. Open

C. Depends on starting condition and flow desired

D. Could be either open or closed

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4

An impulse turbine is used for

A. Low head of water

B. High head of water

C. Medium head of water

D. High discharge

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4

Multistage centrifugal pumps are used to obtain

A. High discharge

B. High head

C. Pumping of viscous fluids

D. High head and high discharge

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4

In reaction turbine, draft tube is used

A. To transport water downstream without eddies

B. To convert the kinetic energy to flow energy by a gradual expansion of the flow cross-section

C. For safety of turbine

D. To increase flow rate

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4

The specific speed from 160 to 500 r.p.m. of a centrifugal pump indicates that the pump is

A. Slow speed with radial flow at outlet

B. Medium speed with radial flow at outlet

C. High speed with radial flow at outlet

D. High speed with axial flow at outlet

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4

If the ratios of all the corresponding linear dimensions are equal, then the model and the prototype are said to have

A. Geometric similarity

B. Kinematic similarity

C. Dynamic similarity

D. None of these

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4

The specific speed of a centrifugal pump, delivering 750 litres of water per second against a head of 15 metres at 725 r.p.m., is

A. 24.8 r.p.m.

B. 48.2 r.p.m

C. 82.4 r.p.m.

D. 248 r.p.m

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4

Maximum impulse will be developed in hydraulic ram when

A. Waste valve closes suddenly

B. Supply pipe is long

C. Supply pipe is short

D. Ram chamber is large

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4

Guide angle as per the aerofoil theory of Kaplan turbine blade design is defined as the angle between

A. Lift and resultant force

B. Drag and resultant force

C. Lift and tangential force

D. Lift and drag

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4

The specific speed of a turbine is given by the equation

A. N√P / H3/2

B. N√P / H²

C. N√P / H5/4

D. N√P / H3

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4

Indicator diagram of a reciprocating pump is a graph between

A. Flow vs. swept volume

B. Pressure in cylinder vs. swept volume

C. Flow vs. speed

D. Pressure vs. speed

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4

A hydraulic accumulator is a device used to store ________ energy which may be supplied to a machine later on.

A. Strain

B. Pressure

C. Kinetic

D. None of these

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4

The flow ratio of Francis turbine is defined as the ratio of the

A. Velocity of flow at inlet to the theoretical jet velocity

B. Theoretical velocity of jet to the velocity of flow at inlet

C. Velocity of runner at inlet to the velocity of flow at inlet

D. None of the above

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4

Pressure intensifier increases the pressure in proportion to

A. Ratio of diameters

B. Square of ratio of diameters

C. Inverse ratio of diameters

D. Square of inverse ratio of diameters