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Current Affairs January 2024

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4

The most important consideration, while designing the refrigeration system of an aircraft is that the refrigeration system

A. Is as light as possible

B. Has very high C.O.P.

C. Employs minimum quantity of refrigerant

D. Consumer minimum horse power

Correct Answer :

A. Is as light as possible


Related Questions

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Dephosphorization of molten pig iron is favoured by

A. Oxidising and basic slag

B. Reducing and basic slag

C. High activity co-efficient of phosphorous in metal

D. Oxidising and neutral slag

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4

The behaviour of a metal specimen, which when plastically strained in tension reduces its yield stress in compression and vice versa; is termed as the

A. Work hardening

B. Bauschinger effect

C. Creeping effect

D. Stress recovery effect

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4

About __________ ton of coke is required in a cupola to produce one ton of casting.

A. 0.03

B. 0.3

C. 0.8

D. 1.5

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4

What is the range of tempering temperature (°C) for most of the materials?

A. 75-100

B. 200-300

C. 350-450

D. 500-600

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4

Lead is poured into the joints between two __________ pipes.

A. Cast iron

B. Steel

C. Concrete

D. Plastic

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Coating thickness in case of galvanising of steel sheet generally corresponds to the deposition of __________ gms of zinc per of steel strip.

A. 5-10

B. 1000-1500

C. 120-500

D. 1500-3000

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4

The most prominent single cause of corrosion in boiler-tubes, drums, economisers and steam superheaters in a thermal power plant boiler is the

A. Water alkalinity & leakage

B. Hydrazine addition during feed water treatment

C. Release of non-condensable gas from water in the boiler

D. Scale formation

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4

Cobalt - 60 is used as a source of __________ in medical therapy & industrial radiography.

A. X-rays

B. γ-rays

C. α-rays

D. β-rays

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4

Carbon supply in pack carburising process is in the form of

A. Charcoal

B. Calcium carbide

C. Hydrocarbon oil

D. Graphite

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4

In a drilling process, the metal is removed by both shearing & extrusion. General purpose drills are made of

A. Stainless steel

B. Mild steel

C. High speed steel

D. High carbon steel

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4

Main constituent of bone ash is

A. Ammonium phosphate

B. Calcium phosphate

C. Animal charcoal

D. Ammonium sulphate

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4

One face of a furnace wall is at 1030°C and the other face is exposed to room temperature (30°C). If the thermal conductivity of furnace wall is 3 W. m- 1. k-1 and the wall thickness is 0.3 m, the maximum heat loss (in W/m) is

A. 100

B. 900

C. 9000

D. 10000

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4

The material used for coating the welding electrode is termed as the

A. Flux

B. Slag

C. Protective layer

D. Binder

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4

Oxygen cylinders used for autogenous (cutting/welding) purposes are

A. Seamless & made of steel

B. Heat treated before use

C. Made by sand casting

D. Welded steel cylinders

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4

The amount of water evaporated in kg per kg of fuel burnt in a boiler is called the __________ of a boiler.

A. Evaporative capacity

B. Evaporation efficiency

C. Thermal efficiency

D. Steam load

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4

Melting point & boiling points of liquid oxygen are respectively - 218.8°C & - 183°C, while the same for liquid nitrogen is - 210°C & - 195.8°C respectively. The difference in melting points of liquid oxygen & liquid nitrogen is not equal to 8.8

A. °C

B. °F

C. °K

D. °R

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4

The ratio of mass of a neutron to that of an electron is about 1839. What is the ratio of the mass of a proton to that of an electron?

A. 159

B. 1837

C. 2537

D. 10000

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4

For a spontaneous natural process at constant temperature and pressure, the free energy of the system always

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. Increases to a maximum before decreasing

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4

Liquid nitrogen containers can be made from

A. Ferritic stainless steel

B. HSLA steel

C. Titanium

D. Austenitic stainless steel

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4

Pick out the correct statement about the condensation.

A. Filmwise condensation gives a lower heat transfer rate than the dropwise condensation

B. Suitable coating or vapour additive is used to promote film wise condensation

C. If a condensing liquid does not wet the surface dropwise, even then condensation will take place on it

D. Reynolds number of condensing liquid is based on its mass flow rate

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4

Spark plug is provided in a/an

A. Engine having carburettor

B. Diesel engine

C. Compression ignition engine

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

The units of the rate constant for a second order reaction are

A.

B.

C.

D.

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Evaporative cooling process employs a combination of cooling and humidification in which the

A. Sensible heat is added

B. Sensible heat is removed and the latent heat is added

C. Latent heat is removed

D. Sensible heat is added and latent heat is removed

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. For a pressure vessel to be classified as 'thin vessel', the ratio of wall thickness to mean radius is less than 0.1

B. For calculating forces and efficiency of riveted joint, either rivet diameter or rivet hole diameter is used in case of pressure vessel and in structural work

C. Longitudinal joint is normally made butt joint to maintain the circularity of the vessel

D. Maximum diameter of the opening provided in a pressure vessel, which does not require any compensation is 200 mm

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4

Normalising of a casting does not

A. Induce stresses in it

B. Refine its grain structure

C. Reduce segregation

D. Improve its mechanical properties

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__________ is not used as the control rod material in a nuclear reactor.

A. Cobalt

B. Hafnium

C. Cadmium

D. Boron

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4

Constituents of stellite are

A. Zinc, copper & nickel

B. Cobalt, chromium & tungsten

C. Zinc, aluminium & nickel

D. Nickel, cobalt & vanadium

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High relative humidity decreases the evaporative process and as the temperature is increased, the relative humidity decreases. The comfort range for human body is the ambient temperature of 22 to 27°C with relative humidity ranging from __________ percent.

A. 5 to 10

B. 15 to 25

C. 45 to 50

D. 75 to 80

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4

__________ is not used as a material of construction in thermocouples.

A. Alumel

B. Rhodium

C. Constantan

D. Duralumin

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4

The condition of diffraction from a crystal is given by

A. nλ = 2d Sin θ

B. λ = d Sin 2θ

C. λ = 2d Sin 2θ

D. nλ = d Sin θ