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4

The payback method for the measurement of return on investment

A. Gives a correct picture of profitability

B. Underemphasises liquidity

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return

D. Takes into account the cash inflows after the recovery of investments

Correct Answer :

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return


Related Questions

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

If an amount R is paid at the end of every year for 'n' years, then the net present value of the annuity at an interest rate of i is

A. R [{(1 + i)n - 1}/ i ]

B. R [{(1 + i)n - 1}/ i (1 + i)n]

C. R(1 + i)n

D. R/(1 + i)n

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4

Expenditure on research and development (R & D) is categorised as the __________, while making an estimate of the total product cost for a chemical plant.

A. Overhead cost

B. Fixed expenses

C. General expenses

D. Direct production cost

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The total investment in a project is Rs. 10 lakhs and the annual profit is 1.5 lakhs. If the project life is 10 years, then the simple rate of return on investment is

A. 15%

B. 10%

C. 1.5%

D. 150%

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

Payback period

A. And economic life of a project are the same

B. Is the length of time over which the earnings on a project equals the investment

C. Is affected by the variation in earnings after the recovery of the investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Functional depreciation of an equipment is the measure of decrease in its value due to its

A. Ageing

B. Wear and tear

C. Obsolescence

D. Breakdown or accident

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the fixed capital for a chemical plant facility?

A. Raw materials inventory

B. Utilities plants

C. Process equipment

D. Emergency facilities

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

Gross earning is equal to the total income minus

A. Total product cost

B. Fixed cost

C. Income tax

D. None of these

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4

Cost incurred towards __________ in a chemical plant is a component of the utilities cost.

A. Water supply

B. Running a control laboratory

C. Property protection

D. Medical services

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4

A series of equal payments (e.g., deposit or cost) made at equal intervals of time is known as

A. Perpetuity

B. Capital charge factor

C. Annuity

D. Future worth

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4

The payback method for the measurement of return on investment

A. Gives a correct picture of profitability

B. Underemphasises liquidity

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return

D. Takes into account the cash inflows after the recovery of investments

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4

'Lang factor' is defined as the ratio of the capital investment to the delivered cost of major equipments. The value of 'Lang factor' for fixed capital investment, for a solid-fluid processing chemical plant ranges from

A. 1.2 to 1.4

B. 2.5 to 2.7

C. 4.2 to 4.4

D. 6.2 to 6.4

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Debt-equity ratio of a chemical company describes the lenders contribution for each rupee of owner's contribution i.e., debt-equity ratio = total debt/net worth

B. Return on investment (ROI) is the ratio of profit before interest & tax and capital employed (i.e. net worth + total debt)

C. Working capital = current assets + current liability

D. Turn over = opening stock + production closing stock

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Annual depreciation costs are constant, when the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Declining balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. None of these

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

Fixed capital investment of a chemical plant is the total amount of money needed to supply the necessary plant and manufacturing facilities plus the working capital for operation of the facilities. Which of the following components of fixed capital investment requires minimum percentage of it?

A. Electrical installation cost

B. Equipment installation cost

C. Cost for piping

D. Equipment insulation cost

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4

The amount of compounded interest during 'n' interest periods is

A. p[(1+i)n - 1)]

B. p(1 + i)n

C. p(1 - i)n

D. p(1 + in)

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Net worth means paid up share capital and reserve & surplus (i.e. shareholders equity)

B. Return on equity = profit after tax/net worth

C. Working capital turnover ratio = sales/net working capital

D. Total cost of production is more than net sales realisation (NSR) at breakeven point

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4

Which of the following does not come under the sales expenses for a product of a chemical plant?

A. Advertising

B. Warehousing

C. Legal fees

D. Customer service

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4

Which of the following methods of depreciation calculations results in book values greater than those obtained with straight line method?

A. Multiple straight line method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Declining balance method

D. Sum of the years digit method

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

The 'total capital investment' for a chemical process plant comprises of the fixed capital investment and the

A. Overhead cost

B. Working capital

C. Indirect production cost

D. Direct production cost

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross revenue is that total amount of capital received as a result of the sale of goods or service

B. Net revenue is the total profit remaining after deducting all costs excluding taxes

C. The ratio of immediately available cash to the total current liabilities is known as the cash ratio

D. Consolidated income statement based on a given time period indicates surplus capital and shows the relationship among total income, costs & profit over the time interval