The pull required to tear off the plate per pitch length is (where p = Pitch of rivets, t = Thickness of plates, and σt, τ and σc = Permissible tensile, shearing and crushing stresses respectively)

A. (p - 2d) t × σc

B. (p - d) t × τ

C. (p - d) t × σt

D. (2p - d) t × σt

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