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4

The ratio of working capital to total capital investment for most chemical plants (except for nonseasonal based products) is in the range of __________ percent.

A. 0.1 to 1

B. 1 to 2

C. 10 to 20

D. 50 to 60

Correct Answer :

C. 10 to 20


Related Questions

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper

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4

Gantt chart (or Bar chart) is helpful in

A. Efficient utilisation of manpower and machines

B. Preparing production schedule

C. Efficient despatching of products

D. Inventory control

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4

Nominal and effective interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Quarterly

B. Semi-annually

C. Annually

D. In no case, they are equal

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

Annual depreciation cost are not constant when, the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Straight line

B. Sinking fund

C. Present worth

D. Declining balance

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4

The amount of compounded interest during 'n' interest periods is

A. p[(1+i)n - 1)]

B. p(1 + i)n

C. p(1 - i)n

D. p(1 + in)

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4

'Six-tenth factor' rule is used for estimating the

A. Equipment installation cost

B. Equipment cost by scaling

C. Cost of piping

D. Utilities cost

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4

Effluent treatment cost in a chemical plant is categorised as the __________ cost.

A. Fixed

B. Overhead

C. Utilities

D. Capital

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is

A. Only slightly more

B. Much more

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal

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4

Annual depreciation costs are constant, when the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Declining balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. None of these

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4

Purchased cost of equipments for a chemical process plant ranges from __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 10 to 20

B. 20 to 40

C. 45 to 60

D. 65 to 75

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

If 'S' is the amount available after 'n' interest periods for an initial principal 'P' with the discrete compound interest rate 'i', the present worth is given by

A. (1 + i)n/S

B. S/(1 + i)n

C. S/(1 + in)

D. S/(1 + n)i

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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant.

A. 2

B. 10

C. 30

D. 50

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4

The payback method for the measurement of return on investment

A. Gives a correct picture of profitability

B. Underemphasises liquidity

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return

D. Takes into account the cash inflows after the recovery of investments

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4

For a typical project, the cumulative cash flow is zero at the

A. End of the project life

B. Breakeven point

C. Start up

D. End of the design stage

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4

__________ of depreciation calculation does not take into account the interest on investments.

A. Present worth method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Sum of the years-digits method

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

With increase in the discounted cash flow rate of return, the ratio of the total present value to the initial investment of a given project

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Increases linearly

D. Remain constant

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Difference between income and expense is termed as gross revenue

B. Unamortised cost is the difference between the original cost of a property and all the depreciation charges made to date

C. Sum-of-the-years-digits methods of depreciation calculation accounts for the interest on the investment

D. Scrap value is the net amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property over and above any charges involved in its removal & sale

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4

The ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment is termed as the __________ ratio.

A. Cash reserve

B. Capital

C. Turnover

D. Investment

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4

Functional depreciation of an equipment is the measure of decrease in its value due to its

A. Ageing

B. Wear and tear

C. Obsolescence

D. Breakdown or accident