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4

The second law of thermodynamics states that

A. The energy change of a system undergoing any reversible process is zero

B. It is not possible to transfer heat from a lower temperature to a higher temperature

C. The total energy of system and surrounding remains the same

D. None of the above

Correct Answer :

D. None of the above


Related Questions

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4

Gibbs-Helmholtz equation is

A. ΔF = ΔH + T [∂(ΔF)/∂T]P

B. ΔF = ΔH - TΔT

C. d(E - TS) T, V < 0

D. dP/dT = ΔHvap/T.ΔVvap

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4

In case of vapour compression refrigeration system, elevating the evaporator temperature (keeping the condenser temperature constant) results in

A. Enhanced COP

B. Decreased COP

C. No change in the value of COP

D. Increased or decreased COP; depending upon the type of refrigerant

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4

Charles' law for gases states that

A. V/T = Constant

B. V ∝ 1/T

C. V ∝ 1/P

D. PV/T = Constant

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4

For an ideal solution, the value of activity co-efficient is

A. 0

B. 1

C. < 1

D. > 1

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4

(1/V) (∂V/∂T)P is the mathematical expression

A. Joule-Thomson co-efficient

B. Specific heat at constant pressure (Cp)

C. co-efficient of thermal expansion

D. Specific heat at constant volume (CV)

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4

What is the ratio of adiabatic compressibility to isothermal compressibility?

A. 1

B. < 1

C. > 1

D. >> 1

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4

Domestic refrigerator usually works on the __________ refrigeration cycle.

A. Carnot

B. Air

C. Absorption

D. vapour-ejection

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4

The reaction A (l) → R(g) is allowed to reach equilibrium conditions in an autoclave. At equilibrium, there are two phases, one a pure liquid phase of A and the other a vapor phase of A, R and S. Initially A alone is present. The numbers of degrees of freedom are:

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 0

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4

The gas law (PV = RT) is true for an __________ change.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Work done may be calculated by the expression ∫ p dA for __________ processes.

A. Non-flow reversible

B. Adiabatic

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The expression for the work done for a reversible polytropic process can be used to obtain the expression for work done for all processes, except reversible __________ process.

A. Isobaric

B. Isothermal

C. Adiabatic

D. None of these

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4

Heat is added at constant temperature in an ideal __________ cycle.

A. Stirling

B. Brayton

C. Rankine

D. None of these

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4

Heat of reaction at constant volume is identified with __________ change.

A. Enthalpy

B. Internal energy

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Entropy and enthalpy are path functions

B. In a closed system, the energy can be exchanged with the surrounding, while matter cannot be exchanged

C. All the natural processes are reversible in nature

D. Work is a state function

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4

What is the number of degree of freedom for a system of two miscible non-reacting species in vapor-liquid equilibrium forming an azeotrope?

A. 0

B. 2

C. 1

D. 3

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. A real gas on expansion in vacuum gets heated up

B. An ideal gas on expansion in vacuum gets cooled

C. An ideal gas on expansion in vacuum gets heated up

D. A real gas on expansion in vacuum cools down whereas ideal gas remains unaffected

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4

The chemical potential of any constituent of an ideal solution depends on the __________ of the solution.

A. Temperature

B. Pressure

C. Composition

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The enthalpy change when ammonia gas is dissolved in water is called the heat of

A. Solution

B. Formation

C. Dilution

D. Combustion

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4

Specific volume of an ideal gas is

A. Equal to its density

B. The reciprocal of its density

C. Proportional to pressure

D. None of these

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4

Van Laar equation deals with the activity coefficients in

A. Binary solutions

B. Ternary solutions

C. Azeotropic mixture only

D. None of these

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4

While dissolving a gas into a liquid at a constant temperature, the ratio of the concentration of the gas in the solution phase and in the gaseous phase is

A. Infinity

B. Unity

C. Constant

D. Negative

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4

Dry ice is

A. Moisture free ice

B. Solid helium

C. Solid carbon dioxide

D. None of these

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4

Entropy of the system decreases, when

A. Snow melts into water

B. A gas expands spontaneously from high pressure to low pressure

C. Water is converted into ice

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

Trouton's ratio of __________ liquids is calculated using Kistyakowsky equation.

A. Polar

B. Non-polar

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

During the phase transition, __________ changes.

A. Pressure

B. Volume

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

When a gas is subjected to adiabatic expansion, it gets cooled due to

A. Decrease in velocity

B. Decrease in temperature

C. Decrease in kinetic energy

D. Energy spent in doing work

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. System (of partially miscible liquid pairs), in which the mutual solubility increases with rise in temperature, are said to possess an upper consolute temperature

B. Systems, in which the mutual solubility increases with decrease in temperature, are said to possess lower consolute temperature

C. Nicotine-water system shows both an upper as well as a lower consolute temperature, implying that they are partially miscible between these two limiting temperatures

D. None of these

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4

Variation of equilibrium pressure with temperature for any two phases of a given substances is given by the __________ equation.

A. Gibbs-Duhem

B. Maxwell's

C. Clapeyron

D. None of these

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4

A large iceberg melts at the base, but not at the top, because of the reason that

A. Ice at the base contains impurities which lowers its melting point

B. Due to the high pressure at the base, its melting point reduces

C. The iceberg remains in a warmer condition at the base

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

A refrigerator may be termed as a

A. Heat pump

B. Heat engine

C. Carnot engine

D. None of these