Linearly

Non-linearly

Exponentially

Logarithmically

A. Linearly

40,096

43,196

53,196

60,196

Interest on borrowed money

Rent of land and buildings

Property tax, insurance and depreciation

Repair and maintenance charges

Contingencies

Onsite and offsite costs

Labour costs

Raw material costs

Initial cost

Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

Difference between initial cost and salvage value

More

Less

Same

No

Equipment installation cost

Equipment cost by scaling

Cost of piping

Utilities cost

Gross revenue is that total amount of capital received as a result of the sale of goods or service

Net revenue is the total profit remaining after deducting all costs excluding taxes

The ratio of immediately available cash to the total current liabilities is known as the cash ratio

Consolidated income statement based on a given time period indicates surplus capital and shows the relationship among total income, costs & profit over the time interval

5 to 10

20 to 30

40 to 50

60 to 70

(P - S)/n

^{1/m}

(m/n) (P - S)

[2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

1.2 to 1.4

2.5 to 2.7

4.2 to 4.4

6.2 to 6.4

Equipment selection

Product evaluation

Equipment design

Cost estimation

Profit before interest and tax i.e., net profit + interest + tax

Profit after tax plus depreciation

Net profit + tax

Profit after tax

p.i.n.

p(1 + i.n)

p(1 + i)n

p(1 - i.n)

Total income

Gross earning

Total product cost

Fixed cost

One

Three

Six

Twelve

Total product cost

Fixed cost

Income tax

None of these

Fixed cost and total cost

Total cost and sales revenue

Fixed cost and sales revenue

None of these

Cash ratio

Net working capital

Current ratio

Liquids assets

Cost benefit analysis

Floor area availability

Terminal parameters

Evaporation capacity required

Multiple straight line method

Sinking fund method

Declining balance method

Sum of the years digit method

15000

16105

18105

12500

Net present worth

Pay out period

Discounted cash flow

Rate of return on investment

Utilities plants

Maintenance and repair inventory

Process equipments

Depreciation

Electrical installation cost

Equipment installation cost

Cost for piping

Equipment insulation cost

Present worth method

Sinking fund method

Sum of the years-digits method

All (A), (B) and (C)

Cash reserve

Rate of return on investment

Payout period

Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

5 years

7 years

12 years

10 years

^{n} - 1)]

^{n}

^{n}

^{n})

^{n} - 1}/ i ]

^{n} - 1}/ i (1 + i)^{n}]

^{n}

^{n}

Efficient utilisation of manpower and machines

Preparing production schedule

Efficient despatching of products

Inventory control