Topic: Analgesics Subject: Medicine A 74-year-old black female has moderately severe pain due to osteoarthritis. However, she is also on medication for a seizure disorder. When choosing medications to manage her chronic pain, which one of the following should be used with caution because of her history of seizures?
A. Salsalate (Disalcid)
B. Celecoxib (Celebrex)
C. Hydrocodone (Lortab)
D. Tramadol (Ultram)
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Correct Answer : D.
According to the clinical practice guidelines for management of persistent pain in older persons, tramadol has efficacy and safety similar to those of equianalgesic doses of codeine and hydrocodone. However, because of the threat of seizures (rare but potential), tramadol should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizure disorder or those taking other medications that lower seizure thresholds.