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What is the number of degrees of freedom for liquid water in equilibrium with a mixture of nitrogen and water vapor?

A. 2

B. 0

C. 3

D. 1

Correct Answer :

A. 2


Related Questions

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4

Isentropic process means a constant __________ process.

A. Enthalpy

B. Pressure

C. Entropy

D. None of these

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4

Gibbs free energy (G) is represented by, G = H - TS, whereas Helmholtz free energy, (A) is given by, A = E - TS. Which of the following is the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation?

A. [∂(G/T)/∂T] = - (H/T2)

B. [∂(A/T)/∂T]V = - E/T2

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

For an ideal gas, the chemical potential is given by

A. RT d ln P

B. R d ln P

C. R d ln f

D. None of these

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4

In case of a close thermodynamic system, there is __________ across the boundaries.

A. No heat and mass transfer

B. No mass transfer but heat transfer

C. Mass and energy transfer

D. None of these

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4

Joule-Thomson effect i.e., a throttling process is a constant __________ process.

A. Entropy

B. Temperature

C. Internal energy

D. Enthalpy

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4

Which law of the thermodynamics provides basis for measuring the thermodynamic property?

A. First law

B. Zeroth law

C. Third law

D. Second law

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4

In an irreversible process

A. Tds = dE - dW = 0

B. dE - dW - Tds = 0

C. Tds - dE + dW < 0

D. Tds - dT + dW < 0

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4

In a homogeneous solution, the fugacity of a component depends upon the

A. Pressure

B. Composition

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The Maxwell relation derived from the differential expression for the Helmholtz free energy (dA) is

A. (∂T/∂V)S = - (∂P/∂S)V

B. (∂S/∂P)T = - (∂V/∂T)P

C. (∂V/∂S)P = (∂T/∂P)S

D. (∂S/∂V)T = (∂P/∂T)V

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4

The expression, nCv(T2 - T1), is for the __________ of an ideal gas.

A. Work done under adiabatic condition

B. Co-efficient of thermal expansion

C. Compressibility

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following decreases with increase in pressure?

A. Melting point of ice

B. Melting point of wax

C. Boiling point of liquids

D. None of these

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4

(∂H/∂T)P is the mathematical expression for

A. CV

B. Entropy change

C. Gibbs free energy

D. None of these

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4

The expression for entropy change given by, ΔS = nR ln (V2/V1) + nCv ln (T2/T1) is valid for

A. Reversible isothermal volume change

B. Heating of a substance

C. Cooling of a substance

D. Simultaneous heating and expansion of an ideal gas

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4

Which one is true for a throttling process?

A. A gas may have more than one inversion temperatures

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases

C. The inversion temperature is same for all gases

D. The inversion temperature is the temperature at which Joule-Thomson co-efficient is infinity

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4

Which of the following is not a reversible process?

A. Expansion of an ideal gas against constant pressure

B. Atmospheric pressure vaporisation of water at 100°C

C. Solution of NaCl in water at 50°C

D. None of these

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4

In the reaction; N2 + O2 2NO, increasing the pressure will result in

A. Shifting the equilibrium towards right

B. Shifting the equilibrium towards left

C. No change in equilibrium condition

D. None of these

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4

The number of degrees of freedom for an azeotropic mixture in a two component vapour-liquid equilibria is/are

A. Zero

B. One

C. Two

D. Three

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4

When a system is in equilibrium for all possible processes, the differential or finite change of entropy is

A. < 0

B. > 0

C. = 0

D. None of these

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4

For the gaseous phase chemical reaction, C2H4(g) + H2O(g) ↔ C2H5OH(g), the equilibrium conversion does not depend on the

A. Steam to ethylene ratio

B. Temperature

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

Internal energy is equal to the heat absorbed in case of a/an __________ process.

A. Constant volume

B. Polytropic

C. Adiabatic

D. Constant pressure

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4

Compound having large heat of formation is

A. More stable

B. Less stable

C. Not at all stable (like nascent O2)

D. Either more or less stable; depends on the compound

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4

For water at 300°C, it has a vapour pressure 8592.7 kPa and fugacity 6738.9 kPa Under these conditions, one mole of water in liquid phase has a volume of 25.28 cm3 and that in vapour phase in 391.1 cm3.Fugacity of water (in kPa) at 9000 kPa will be

A. 6738.9

B. 6753.5

C. 7058.3

D. 9000

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4

The melting point of paraffin wax (which contracts on solidification) __________ with pressure rise.

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. Decreases linearly

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4

The amount of heat required to decompose a compound into its elements is __________ the heat of formation of that compound from its elements.

A. Less than

B. More than

C. Same as

D. Not related to

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4

The equation, PV = nRT, is best obeyed by gases at

A. Low pressure & high temperature

B. High pressure & low temperature

C. Low pressure & low temperature

D. None of these

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4

COP of a refrigerator drawing 1 kW of power per ton of refrigeration is about

A. 0.5

B. 3.5

C. 4.5

D. 8.5

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4

__________ functions are exemplified by heat and work.

A. Path

B. Point

C. State

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Compression ratio of an Otto engine is comparatively higher than a diesel engine

B. Efficiency of an Otto engine is higher than that of a diesel engine for the same compression ratio

C. Otto engine efficiency decreases with the rise in compression ratio, due to decrease in work produced per quantity of heat

D. Diesel engine normally operates at lower compression ratio than an Otto engine for an equal output of work

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The net change in entropy in any reversible cycle is always zero

B. The entropy of the system as a whole in an irreversible process increases

C. The entropy of the universe tends to a maximum

D. The entropy of a substance does not remain constant during a reversible adiabatic change

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4

The change in Gibbs free energy for vaporisation of a pure substance is

A. Positive

B. Negative

C. Zero

D. May be positive or negative