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When liquid and vapour phases of one component system are in equilibrium (at a given temperature and pressure), the molar free energy is

A. More in vapour phase

B. More in liquid phase

C. Same in both the phases

D. Replaced by chemical potential which is more in vapour phase

Correct Answer :

C. Same in both the phases


Related Questions

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4

Requisites of a reversible process is that the

A. System and surroundings pressure be equal

B. Friction in the system should be absent

C. System and surroundings temperature be equal

D. None of these

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4

Air-refrigeration cycle

A. Is the most efficient of all refrigeration cycles

B. Has very low efficiency

C. Requires relatively large quantities of air to achieve a significant amount of refrigeration

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

The kinetic energy of gas molecule is zero at

A. 0°C

B. 273°C

C. 100°C

D. -273°C

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4

The co-efficient of performance (COP) of a refrigerating system, which is its index of performance, is defined as the ratio of useful refrigeration to the net work. The units of __________ and COP are the same.

A. Kinematic viscosity

B. Work

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

When a gas is expanded from high pressure region to low pressure region; temperature change occurs. This phenomenon is related to the

A. Gibbs-Duhem equation

B. Gibbs-Helmholtz equation

C. Third law of thermodynamics

D. Joule-Thomson effect

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4

The number of degrees of freedom at the triple point of water is

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

The total change in the enthalpy of a system is independent of the

A. Number of intermediate chemical reactions involved

B. Pressure and temperature

C. State of combination and aggregation in the beginning and at the end of the reaction

D. None of these

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4

For the gaseous phase chemical reaction, C2H4(g) + H2O(g) ↔ C2H5OH(g), the equilibrium conversion does not depend on the

A. Steam to ethylene ratio

B. Temperature

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

In the reaction, H2 +I2 2HI, addition of an inert gas will

A. Increase the partial pressure of H2

B. Increase the partial pressure of I2

C. Increase the total pressure and hence shift the equilibrium towards the right

D. Not affect the equilibrium conditions

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4

The expression, nCv(T2 - T1), is for the __________ of an ideal gas.

A. Work done under adiabatic condition

B. Co-efficient of thermal expansion

C. Compressibility

D. None of these

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4

High __________ is an undesirable property for a good refrigerant.

A. Specific heat

B. Latent heat of vaporisation

C. Viscosity

D. Specific vapor volume

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4

The unit of fugacity is the same as that of the

A. Pressure

B. Temperature

C. Volume

D. Molar concentration

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4

Which is an example of closed system?

A. Air compressor

B. Liquid cooling system of an automobile

C. Boiler

D. None of these

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4

PVγ = Constant (where, γ = Cp/Cv) is valid for a/an __________ process.

A. Isothermal

B. Isentropic

C. Isobaric

D. Adiabatic

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4

Maximum work that could be secured by expanding the gas over a given pressure range is the __________ work.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Isentropic

D. None of these

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4

If we increase the pressure on a substance (which is at its triple point), then the triple point

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remains unchanged

D. May increase or decrease; depends on the substance

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4

The efficiency of an Otto engine compared to that of a diesel engine, for the same compression ratio will be

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. Data insufficient to predict

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4

In the equation PVn = constant, if the value of n = y = Cp/Cv, then it represents a reversible __________ process.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Isentropic

D. Polytropic

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4

A chemical reaction will occur spontaneously at constant pressure and temperature, if the free energy is

A. Zero

B. Positive

C. Negative

D. None of these

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4

Charles' law for gases states that

A. V/T = Constant

B. V ∝ 1/T

C. V ∝ 1/P

D. PV/T = Constant

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

The value of gas constant 'R' is

A. 1.987 cal/gm mole °K

B. 1.987 BTU/lb. mole °R

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The internal energy of an incompressible fluid depends upon its

A. Pressure

B. Temperature

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

In a reversible process

A. Tds = dE + dW

B. dE - dW = Tds

C. dW - dE = Tds

D. Tds - dW + dE >0

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4

Which of the following is not a unit of the equilibrium constant Kp? (where, Δx = number of moles of products number of moles of reactants)

A. (atm)Δx, when Δx is negative

B. (atm)Δx, when Δx is positive

C. Dimensionless, when Δx = 0

D. (atm)Δx2, when Δx > 0

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4

Efficiency of a Carnot engine working between temperatures T1 and T2 (T1 < T) is

A. (T2 - T1)/T2

B. (T2 - T1)/T1

C. (T1 - T2)/T2

D. (T1 - T2)/T1

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4

What is the ratio of adiabatic compressibility to isothermal compressibility?

A. 1

B. < 1

C. > 1

D. >> 1

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4

Partial molar free energy of an element A in solution is same as its

A. Chemical potential

B. Activity

C. Fugacity

D. Activity co-efficient

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4

In the reaction, C + O2 → CO2; ΔH = - 94 kcal. What is the heat content (enthalpy) of O2?

A. -94 kcal

B. > -94 kcal

C. < - 94 kcal

D. Zero

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4

Which one is true for a throttling process?

A. A gas may have more than one inversion temperatures

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases

C. The inversion temperature is same for all gases

D. The inversion temperature is the temperature at which Joule-Thomson co-efficient is infinity