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4

Which of the following elements is not included in the scope of market analysis?

A. Competition from other manufactures

B. Product distribution

C. Opportunities

D. Economics

Correct Answer :

D. Economics


Related Questions

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Factory manufacturing cost is the sum of the direct production cost

A. Fixed charges and plant overhead cost

B. And plant overhead cost

C. Plant overhead cost and administrative expenses

D. None of these

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4

Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant.

A. 2

B. 10

C. 30

D. 50

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

In which of the electric power generation system, the operating cost is minimum?

A. Thermal

B. Nuclear

C. Hydroelectric

D. Fast breeder reactor

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4

__________ method for profitability evaluation of a project does not account for investment cost due to land.

A. Net present worth

B. Pay out period

C. Discounted cash flow

D. Rate of return on investment

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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4

A balance sheet for an industrial concern shows

A. The financial condition at any given time

B. Only current assets

C. Only fixed assets

D. Only current and fixed assets

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

Generally, income taxes are based on the

A. Total income

B. Gross earning

C. Total product cost

D. Fixed cost

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4

Cost of instrumentation in a modern chemical plant ranges from __________ percent of the total plant cost.

A. 5 to 10

B. 20 to 30

C. 40 to 50

D. 60 to 70

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the fixed capital for a chemical plant facility?

A. Raw materials inventory

B. Utilities plants

C. Process equipment

D. Emergency facilities

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

Scheduling provides information about the

A. Proper utilisation of machines

B. Means to minimise idle time for machines

C. Time of completion of job

D. Time of starting of job and also about how much work should be completed during a particular period

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4

Effluent treatment cost in a chemical plant is categorised as the __________ cost.

A. Fixed

B. Overhead

C. Utilities

D. Capital

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4

'Utilities' in a chemical process plant includes compressed air, steam, water, electrical power, oxygen, acetylene, fuel gases etc. Utility costs for ordinary chemical process plants ranges roughly from __________ percent of the total product cost.

A. 1 to 5

B. 10 to 20

C. 25 to 35

D. 35 to 45

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4

An investment of Rs. 100 lakhs is to be made for construction of a plant, which will take two years to start production. The annual profit from the operation of the plant is Rs. 20 lakhs. What will be the payback time?

A. 5 years

B. 7 years

C. 12 years

D. 10 years

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4

The depreciation during the year 'n', in diminishing balance method of depreciation calculation, is calculated by multiplying a fixed percentage 'N' to the

A. Initial cost

B. Book value at the end of (n - 1)th year

C. Depreciation during the (n - 1)th year

D. Difference between initial cost and salvage value

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4

Gross earning is equal to the total income minus

A. Total product cost

B. Fixed cost

C. Income tax

D. None of these

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4

For a typical project, the cumulative cash flow is zero at the

A. End of the project life

B. Breakeven point

C. Start up

D. End of the design stage

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4

Most chemical plants use an initial working capital amounting to 10-20% of the total capital investment. But this percentage may increase to __________ percent in case of seasonal products manufacturing plant.

A. 30

B. 50

C. 75

D. 95

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

Following the six-tenth factor rule, if a loglog plot of capacity of the equipment vs. cost of the equipment is made, then a straight line is obtained, whose slope is equal to

A. 0.1

B. 0.6

C. 0.2

D. 0.8

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Direct costs component of the fixed capital consists of

A. Contingencies

B. Onsite and offsite costs

C. Labour costs

D. Raw material costs

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4

A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs.

A. 121

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

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4

The total investment in a project is Rs. 10 lakhs and the annual profit is 1.5 lakhs. If the project life is 10 years, then the simple rate of return on investment is

A. 15%

B. 10%

C. 1.5%

D. 150%

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4

Cost incurred towards __________ in a chemical plant is a component of the utilities cost.

A. Water supply

B. Running a control laboratory

C. Property protection

D. Medical services

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper