What is the correct answer?


Which of the following group of plant is being described by the given statements ?
(i) They are plants in which the ovules are not enclosed by any ovary wall and remain exposed before and after fertilization.
(ii) The giant red wood tree Sequoia is one of the tallest tree species of the group.
(iii) The roots are generally tap roots.
(iv) They are heterosporous and they produce haploid microspores and megaspores.

A. Algae

B. Bryophytes

C. Gymnosperms

D. Pteridophytes

Correct Answer :

C. Gymnosperms

Gymnosperms are seed-bearing vascular plants, such as cycads, ginkgo, yews and conifers, in which the ovules or seeds are not enclosed in an ovary. Gymnosperm seeds develop either on the surface of scale or leaf-like appendages of cones or at the end of short stalk. The largest group of living gymnosperms are the conifers (pines, cypresses and relatives) and the smallest is ginkgo, a single living plant species found in China.

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