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Current Affairs January 2024

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4

Which of the following is false statement? Some of the methods used to reduce diesel smoke are as follows

A. Using additives in the fuel

B. Increasing the compression ratio

C. Adherence to proper fuel specification

D. Avoidance of overloading

Correct Answer :

B. Increasing the compression ratio


Related Questions

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Which one of the following event would reduce volumetric efficiency of a vertical compression ignition engine?

A. Inlet valve closing after bottom dead centre

B. Inlet valve closing before bottom dead centre

C. Inlet valve opening before top dead centre

D. Exhaust valve closing after top dead centre

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4

In a typical medium speed 4-stroke cycle diesel engine the inlet valve

A. Opens at 20° before top dead center and closes at 35° after the bottom dead center

B. Opens at top dead center and closes at bottom dead center

C. Opens at 10° after top dead center and closes 20° before the bottom dead center

D. May open or close anywhere

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4

A fuel of an octane number rating of 75 matches in knocking intensity as a mixture of

A. 75% iso-octane and 25% normal heptane

B. 75% normal heptane and 25% iso-octane

C. 75% petrol and 25% diesel

D. 75% diesel and 25% petrol

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4

The spark ignition engines are governed by

A. Hit and miss governing

B. Qualitative governing

C. Quantitative governing

D. Combination of (B) and (C)

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4

The minimum cranking speed in case of petrol engine is about

A. Half the operating speed

B. One fourth of operating speed

C. 250 - 300 rpm

D. 60 - 80 rpm

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4

Theoretically, a four stroke cycle engine should develop _________ power as that of a two stroke cycle engine.

A. Half

B. Same

C. Double

D. Four times

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If the temperature of intake air in internal combustion engine increases, then its efficiency will

A. Remain same

B. Decrease

C. Increase

D. None of these

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4

The operation of forcing additional air under pressure in the engine cylinder is known as

A. Scavenging

B. Turbulence

C. Supercharging

D. Pre-ignition

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4

A petrol engine has compression ratio from

A. 6 to 10

B. 10 to 15

C. 15 to 25

D. 25 to 40

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Number of working strokes per min. for a four stroke cycle engine are _________ the speed of the engine in r.p.m.

A. Equal to

B. One-half

C. Twice

D. Four-times

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4

Volatility of diesel fuel oil is

A. Minimum temperature to which oil is heated in order to give off inflammable vapours in sufficient quantity to ignite momentarily when brought in contact with a flame

B. Temperature at which it solidifies or congeals

C. It catches fire without external aid

D. Indicated by 90% distillation temperature, i.e., when 90% of sample oil has distilled off

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4

The _________ engines can work on very lean mixture of fuel.

A. Spark ignition

B. Compression ignition

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of these

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4

The ratio of the brake power to the indicated power is called

A. Mechanical efficiency

B. Overall efficiency

C. Indicated thermal efficiency

D. Volumetric efficiency

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The thermal efficiency of diesel engines on weak mixtures is

A. Unaffected

B. Lower

C. Higher

D. Dependent on other factors

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4

A petrol engine, during suction stroke draws

A. Air only

B. Petrol only

C. A mixture of petrol and air

D. None of these

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4

The volumetric efficiency of a well designed engine may be

A. 30 to 40 %

B. 40 to 60 %

C. 60 to 70 %

D. 75 to 90 %

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4

Fuel consumption of diesel engines is not guaranteed at one quarter load because at such low loads

A. The friction is high

B. The friction is unpredictable

C. The small difference in cooling water temperature or in internal friction has a disproportionate effect

D. The engine is rarely operated

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4

The normal heptane (C7H16) is given a rating of ________ octane number.

A. 0

B. 50

C. 100

D. 120

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4

Pre-ignition is caused by the spontaneous combustion of the mixture before the end of the compression stroke, and is due to

A. Cylinder walls being too hot

B. Overheated spark plug points

C. Red hot carbon deposits on cylinder walls

D. Any one of these

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4

The effective inhibitor of pre-ignition is

A. Alcohol

B. Water

C. Lead

D. None of these

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4

The thermal efficiency of petrol and gas engines is about

A. 15 %

B. 30 %

C. 50 %

D. 70 %

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4

In a petrol engine, if diesel is used, then the engine will

A. Not run

B. Run more efficiently

C. Run at high speed

D. Explode

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4

As a result of detonation in an I.C. engine, following parameter attains very high value

A. Peak pressure

B. Rate of rise of pressure

C. Rate of rise of temperature

D. Peak temperature

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4

The voltage required to produce a spark across the gap, between the sparking points is

A. 2000 to 4000 volts

B. 4000 to 6000 volts

C. 6000 to 10,000 volts

D. 10,000 to 12,000 volts

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4

Gaseous fuel guarantees are based on

A. Calorific value of oil

B. Low heat value of oil

C. High heat value of oil

D. Mean heat value of oil

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4

Fuel oil consumption guarantees for I .C. engine are usually based on

A. Low heat value of oil

B. High heat value of oil

C. Net calorific value of oil

D. Calorific value of fuel

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4

The injection pressure in a diesel engine is about

A. 10 bar

B. 100 bar

C. 150 bar

D. 500 bar

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4

In the opposed piston diesel engine, the combustion chamber is located

A. Above the piston

B. Below the piston

C. Between the pistons

D. There is no such criterion

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4

Air fuel ratio at which a petrol engine cannot work is

A. 8 : 1

B. 10 : 1

C. 15 : 1

D. 20 : 1 and less

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The power actually developed by the engine cylinder of an I.C. engine is known as

A. Theoretical power

B. Actual power

C. Indicated power

D. None of these