Bertholet equation

Clausius-Clapeyron equation

Beattie-Bridgeman equation

None of these

B. Clausius-Clapeyron equation

x

x + 1

x + 2

x + 3

Negative

Zero

Infinity

None of these

Expansion in an engine

Following a constant pressure cycle

Throttling

None of these

Representing actual behaviour of real gases

Representing actual behaviour of ideal gases

The study of chemical equilibria involving gases at atmospheric pressure

None of these

Kelvin's

Antoines

Kirchoffs

None of these

Always exists

May exist

Never exists

Is difficult to predict

Zero

Negative

Very large compared to that for endothermic reaction

Not possible to predict

0.15

1.5

4.5

6.5

448

224

22.4

Data insufficient; can't be computed

Enthalpies of all elements in their standard states are assumed to be zero

Combustion reactions are never endothermic in nature

Heat of reaction at constant volume is equal to the change in internal energy

Clausius-Clapeyron equation is not applicable to melting process

_{V}

Enthalpy change

Free energy change

None of these

∞

0

Maximum

Minimum

Two isothermal and two isentropic

Two isobaric and two isothermal

Two isochoric and two isobaric

Two isothermals and two isochoric

Isolated

Closed

Open

None of these

Solubility increases as temperature increases

Solubility increases as temperature decreases

Solubility is independent of temperature

Solubility increases or decreases with temperature depending on the Gibbs free energy change of solution

Same

Doubled

Halved

One fourth of its original value

_{e} 4

_{10} 4

_{v} log_{10} 4

_{v} log_{e} 4

Temperature

Mass

Volume

Pressure

Superheated vapour

Partially condensed vapour with quality of 0.9

Saturated vapour

Partially condensed vapour with quality of 0.1

Increases with rise in pressure

Decreases with rise in pressure

Is independent of pressure

Is a path function

Gibbs-Duhem

Van Laar

Gibbs-Helmholtz

Margules

Molecular size

Volume

Pressure

Temperature

Isothermal

Adiabatic

Isobaric

Isometric

The net change in entropy in any reversible cycle is always zero

The entropy of the system as a whole in an irreversible process increases

The entropy of the universe tends to a maximum

The entropy of a substance does not remain constant during a reversible adiabatic change

Chemical potential

Surface tension

Heat capacity

None of these

Carnot

Air

Absorption

vapour-ejection

P ∝ 1/V, when temperature is constant

P ∝ 1/V, when temperature & mass of the gas remain constant

P ∝ V, at constant temperature & mass of the gas

P/V = constant, for any gas

In which there is a temperature drop

Which is exemplified by a non-steady flow expansion

Which can be performed in a pipe with a constriction

In which there is an increase in temperature

dQ = dE + dW

dQ = dE - dW

dE = dQ + dW

dW = dQ + dE

Gibbs-Duhem

Maxwell's

Clapeyron

None of these