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4

Which of the following is the lightest and most volatile liquid fuel?

A. Diesel

B. Kerosene

C. Fuel oil

D. Gasoline

Correct Answer :

D. Gasoline


Related Questions

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4

The combustion in compression ignition engines is

A. Homogeneous

B. Heterogeneous

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of these

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4

In loop scavenging, the top of the piston is

A. Flat

B. Contoured

C. Slanted

D. Depressed

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4

The pressure at the end of compression in the case of diesel engine is of the order of

A. 6 kg/cm

B. 12 kg/cm

C. 20 kg/cm

D. 35 kg/cm

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4

Scavenging air in diesel engine means

A. Air used for combustion sent under pressure

B. Forced air for cooling cylinder

C. Burnt air containing products of combustion

D. Air used for forcing burnt gases out of engine's cylinder during the exhaust period

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4

In case of gas turbines, the gaseous fuel consumption guarantees are based on

A. High heat value

B. Low heat value

C. Net calorific value

D. Calorific value

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4

In a four stroke cycle engine, the sequence of operations is

A. Suction, compression, expansion and exhaust

B. Suction, expansion, compression and exhaust

C. Expansion, compression, suction and exhaust

D. Compression, expansion, suction and exhaust

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4

In a typical medium speed, 4-stroke cycle diesel engine

A. Fuel injection starts at 10° before to dead center and ends at 20° after tor dead center

B. Fuel injection starts at top dead center and ends at 20° after top dead center

C. Fuel injection starts at just before top dead center and ends just after top dead center

D. May start and end anywhere

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4

Air fuel ratio for idling speed of a petrol engine is approximately

A. 1 : 1

B. 5 : 1

C. 10 : 1

D. 15 : 1

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4

In petrol engine, using a fixed octane rating fuel and fixed compression ratio, supercharging will _________ the knocking tendency.

A. Not effected

B. Decrease

C. Increase

D. None of these

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4

Supercharging is the process of

A. Supplying the intake of an engine with air at a density greater than the density of the surrounding atmosphere

B. Providing forced cooling air

C. Injecting excess fuel for raising more loads

D. Supplying compressed air to remove combustion products fully

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4

The pressure and temperature at the end of compression stroke in a petrol engine are of the order of

A. 4-6 kg/cm² and 200-250°C

B. 6-12 kg/cm² and 250-350°C

C. 12-20 kg/cm² and 350-450°C

D. 20-30 kg/cm² and 450-500°C

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4

The correct mixture strength (by weight) for petrol is about

A. 14.6 : 1

B. 18.5 : 1

C. 20.4 : 1

D. 22.6 : 1

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4

The increase in intake temperature of internal combustion engines will _________ efficiency.

A. Have no effect on

B. Increase

C. Decrease

D. None of these

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4

If the speed of the engine is increased, the indicated power will

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain same

D. None of these

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4

The pressure at the end of compression, in diesel engines, is approximately

A. 10 bar

B. 20 bar

C. 25 bar

D. 35 bar

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4

Which of the following statement is wrong?

A. In compression ignition engines, detonation occurs near the beginning of combustion.

B. Since the fuel, in compression ignition engines, is injected at the end of compression stroke, therefore, there will be no pre-ignition.

C. To eliminate knock in compression ignition engines, we want to achieve auto-ignition not early and desire a long delay period.

D. In compression ignition engines, because of heterogeneous mixture, the rate of pressure rise is comparatively lower.

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4

The cetane (C16H34) which is a straight chain paraffin, is assigned a cetane number of

A. 0

B. 50

C. 100

D. 120

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4

The two reference fuels used for cetane rating are

A. Cetane and iso-octane

B. Cetane and alpha-methyl naphthalene

C. Cetane and normal heptane

D. Cetane and tetra ethyl lead

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4

The knocking in spark ignition engines can be reduced by

A. Retarding the spark

B. Increasing the engine speed

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of these

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4

If V₁ is the jet velocity and V₀ is the vehicle velocity, then the propulsive efficiency of a rocket is given by

A. [2(V₀/V₁)]/ [1 + (V₀/V₁)²]

B. (V₀/V₁)/ [1 + (V₀/V₁)²]

C. V₀/(V₀ + V₁)

D. V₁/(V₀ + V₁)

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4

A fuel of cetane number 40 has the same ignition quality as a mixture of

A. 40% cetane and 60% alpha methyl naphthalene

B. 40% alpha methyl naphthalene and 60% cetane

C. 40% petrol and 60% diesel

D. 40% diesel and 60% petrol

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4

The voltage required to produce a spark across the gap, between the sparking points is

A. 2000 to 4000 volts

B. 4000 to 6000 volts

C. 6000 to 10,000 volts

D. 10,000 to 12,000 volts

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4

The inlet value of a four stroke cycle I.C engine remains open for nearly

A. 180°

B. 125°

C. 235°

D. 200°

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4

The operation of forcing additional air under pressure into the engine cylinder is known as

A. Supercharging

B. Carburetion

C. Turbulence

D. Delay period

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4

Which of the following statement is correct regarding petrol engines?

A. A fine fuel spray mixed with air is ignited by the heat of compression which is at a high pressure

B. The fuel supplied to the engine cylinder is mixed with necessary amount of air and the mixture in ignited with the help of a spark plug

C. The fuel is first evaporated after passing through a carburettor and is mixed with air before ignition

D. All of the above

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4

Solid fuel fabricated into various small shapes, which are assembled to form fuel elements, is in the form of

A. Plates

B. Pallets

C. Pins

D. All of these

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4

The specific fuel consumption per B.P. hour for a petrol engine is about

A. 0.2 kg

B. 0.25 kg

C. 0.3 kg

D. 0.35 kg

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4

The fuels in order of decreasing knock tendency for spark ignition engines are

A. Paraffin, aromatic, napthene

B. Paraffin, napthene, aromatic

C. Napthene, aromatics, paraffin

D. Napthene, paraffin, aromatic

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4

The advancing of spark timing in spark ignition engines will _________ knocking tendency.

A. Increase

B. Reduce

C. Not effect

D. None of these

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4

A diesel engine is _________ as compared to petrol engine, both running at rated load.

A. Equally efficient

B. Less efficient

C. More efficient

D. None of these