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4

Which of the following statement is wrong?

A. The reaction turbines are used for low head and high discharge.

B. The angle of taper on draft tube is less than 8°.

C. An impulse turbine is generally fitted slightly above the tail race.

D. A Francis turbine is an impulse turbine.

Correct Answer :

D. A Francis turbine is an impulse turbine.


Related Questions

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4

A hydraulic press is a device used

A. To store pressure energy which may be supplied to a machine later on

B. To increase the intensity of pressure of water by means of energy available from a large quantity of water at a low pressure

C. To lift larger load by the application of a comparatively much smaller force

D. All of the above

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4

For small discharge at high pressure, following pump is preferred

A. Centrifugal

B. Axial flow

C. Mixed flow

D. Reciprocating

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4

The overall efficiency for a Pelton wheel lies between

A. 0.50 to 0.65

B. 0.65 to 0.75

C. 0.75 to 0.85

D. 0.85 to 0.90

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4

One horsepower is equal to

A. 102 watts

B. 75 watts

C. 550 watts

D. 735 watts

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4

The maximum number of jets, generally, employed in an impulse turbine without jet interference are

A. Two

B. Four

C. Six

D. Eight

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4

If a pump is handling water and is discharging a certain flow Q at a constant total dynamic head requiring a definite B.H.P., the same pump when handling a liquid of specific gravity 0.75 and viscosity nearly same as of water, the horse power required will be

A. Same

B. 0.75 B.H.P.

C. B.H.P./0.75

D. 1.5 B.H.P.

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4

Discharge (Q) of a centrifugal pump is given by (where D = Diameter of impeller at inlet, b = Width of impeller at inlet, and Vf = Velocity of flow at inlet)

A. Q = π.D.Vf

B. Q = π.b.Vf

C. Q = π.D.bf.V

D. Q = D.b.Vf

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4

The discharge through a turbine is

A. Directly proportional to H1/2

B. Inversely proportional to H1/2

C. Directly proportional to H3/2

D. Inversely proportional to H3/2

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4

The number of buckets on the periphery of a Pelton wheel is given by

A. (D/2d) + 5

B. (D/2d) + 10

C. (D/2d) + 15

D. (D/2d) + 20

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4

Which of the following statement is correct as regard to water wheels?

A. They have slow speeds

B. They are suitable even for low water heads

C. They give constant efficiency, even if the discharge is not constant

D. All of the above

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4

The maximum number of jets generally employed in impulse turbine without jet interference is

A. 4

B. 6

C. 8

D. 12

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4

The maximum hydraulic efficiency of an impulse turbine is (where φ = Angle of blade tip at outlet)

A. (1 + cos φ)/2

B. (1 - cos φ)/2

C. (1 + sin φ)/2

D. (1 - sin φ)/2

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4

According to fan laws, for fans having constant wheel diameter, the air or gas capacity varies

A. Directly as fan speed

B. Square of fan speed

C. Cube of fan speed

D. Square root of fan speed

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4

The discharge through a reaction turbine with increase in unit speed

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain unaffected

D. First increases and then decreases

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4

High specific speed of a pump implies it is

A. Centrifugal pump

B. Mixed flow pump

C. Axial flow pump

D. Any one of the above

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4

A ship with jet propulsion draws water through inlet orifices at right angles to the direction of its motion. The propelling force of the jet is (where a = Area of the jet, Vr = Relative velocity of the jet and ship = V + v, v = Velocity of the ship, and V = Velocity of the jet issuing from the ship)

A. waVr /g × (Vr + v)

B. waVr /g × (Vr - v)

C. waVr /g × (Vr + v)²

D. waVr /g × (Vr - v)²

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4

The specific speed of a centrifugal pump, delivering 750 litres of water per second against a head of 15 metres at 725 r.p.m., is

A. 24.8 r.p.m.

B. 48.2 r.p.m

C. 82.4 r.p.m.

D. 248 r.p.m

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4

Which place in hydraulic turbine is most susceptible for cavitations?

A. Inlet of draft rube

B. Blade inlet

C. Guide blade

D. Penstock

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4

In axial flow fans and turbines, fluid enters and leaves as follows

A. Radially, axially

B. Axially, radially

C. Axially, axially

D. Radially, radially

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4

Power required (in watts) to drive a centrifugal pump is (where Hm = Manometric head in metres, w = Specific weight in N/m3, Q = Discharge of the pump in m3/s, and ηo = Overall efficiency of the pump)

A. (w Hm) / (Q × ηo)

B. (w Hm Q) / ηo

C. (w Q) / (Hm × ηo)

D. (w Q ηo) / Hm

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4

Specific speed for reaction turbines ranges from

A. 0 to 4.5

B. 10 to 100

C. 80 to 200

D. 250 to 300

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4

The unit power developed by a turbine is (where P = Power developed by the turbine under a head of water (H).

A. P/ √H

B. P/ H

C. P/ H3/2

D. P/ H²

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4

Head developed by a centrifugal pump is

A. Proportional to diameter of impeller

B. Proportional to speed of impeller

C. Proportional to diameter and speed of impeller

D. None of the above

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4

The relation between hydraulic efficiency (ηh), mechanical efficiency (ηm) and overall efficiency (ηo) is

A. ηh = ηo × ηm

B. ηm = ηm × ηh

C. ηo = ηh × ηm

D. None of these

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4

The efficiency of jet propulsion for a ship with inlet orifices at right angles to the direction of motion of ship is given by

A. [2(Vr - v) v]/ Vr²

B. 2(Vr + v) v]/ Vr²

C. [(Vr - v) v]/ Vr

D. [(Vr + v) v]/ Vr

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4

The hydraulic efficiency of an impulse turbine is maximum when velocity of wheel is _______ of the jet velocity,

A. One-fourth

B. One-half

C. Three-fourth

D. Double

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4

The power produced by the reaction turbine is ________ to the head of water.

A. Directly proportional

B. Inversely proportional

C. 4th power

D. None of these

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4

The angle of taper on draft tube is

A. Greater than 15°

B. Greater than 8°

C. Greater than 5°

D. Less than 8°

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4

Which of the following statement is correct?

A. In an impulse turbine, the water impinges on the buckets with pressure energy.

B. In a reaction turbine, the water glides over the moving vanes with kinetic energy.

C. In an impulse turbine, the pressure of the flowing water remains unchanged and is equal to atmospheric pressure.

D. In a reaction turbine, the pressure of the flowing water increases after gliding over the vanes.

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4

Saving of work done and power by fitting an air vessel to single acting reciprocating pump is of the order of

A. 39.2 %

B. 49.2 %

C. 68.8 %

D. 84.8 %