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4

Which one is true for a throttling process?

A. A gas may have more than one inversion temperatures

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases

C. The inversion temperature is same for all gases

D. The inversion temperature is the temperature at which Joule-Thomson co-efficient is infinity

Correct Answer :

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases


Related Questions

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4

With increase in reduced temperature, the fugacity co-efficient of a gas at constant reduced pressure

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain same

D. Decreases linearly

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4

Entropy of the system decreases, when

A. Snow melts into water

B. A gas expands spontaneously from high pressure to low pressure

C. Water is converted into ice

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

The following heat engine produces power of 100,000 kW. The heat engine operates between 800 K and 300 K. It has a thermal efficiency equal to 50% of that of the Carnot engine for the same temperature. The rate at which heat is absorbed from the hot reservoir is

A. 100,000 kW

B. 160,000 kW

C. 200,000 kW

D. 320,000 kW

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4

A solute distributes itself between two nonmiscible solvents in contact with each other in such a way that, at a constant temperature, the ratio of its concentrations in two layers is constant, irrespective of its total amount. This is

A. The distribution law

B. Followed from Margules equation

C. A corollary of Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

Charles' law for gases states that

A. V/T = Constant

B. V ∝ 1/T

C. V ∝ 1/P

D. PV/T = Constant

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4

No work is done by the system, when a reaction occurs at constant

A. Volume

B. Temperature

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

The quantitative effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium is given by the

A. Vant-Hoff equation

B. Le-Chatelier's principle

C. Arrhenius equation

D. None of these

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4

__________ law of thermodynamics ascertains the direction of a particular spontaneous process.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. A refrigeration cycle violates the second law of thermodynamics

B. Refrigeration cycle is normally represented by a temperature vs. entropy plot

C. In a refrigerator, work required decreases as the temperature of the refrigerator and the temperature at which heat is rejected increases

D. One ton of refrigeration is equivalent to the rate of heat absorption equal to 3.53 kW

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4

What happens in a reversible adiabatic compression?

A. Heating occurs

B. Cooling occurs

C. Pressure is constant

D. Temperature is constant

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4

If the internal energy of an ideal gas decreases by the same amount as the work done by the system, then the

A. Process must be isobaric

B. Temperature must decrease

C. Process must be adiabatic

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

An ideal liquid refrigerant should

A. Not have a sub-atmospheric vapour pressure at the temperature in the refrigerator coils

B. Not have unduly high vapour pressure at the condenser temperature

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Have low specific heat

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4

Isentropic process means a constant __________ process.

A. Enthalpy

B. Pressure

C. Entropy

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is Clausius-Clapeyron Equation for vaporisation of an ideal gas under the condition that the molar volume of liquid is negligible compared to that of the vapor?

A. d ln p/dt = Hvap/RT2

B. d ln p/dt = RT2/Hvap

C. dp/dt = RT2/Hvap

D. dp/dt = Hvap/RT2

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4

For organic compounds, group contribution method can be used for the estimation of

A. Critical properties

B. Specific gravity

C. Specific volume

D. Thermal conductivity

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4

For a real gas, the chemical potential is given by

A. RT d ln P

B. RT d ln f

C. R d ln f

D. None of these

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4

One ton of refrigeration capacity is equivalent to the heat removal rate of

A. 50 kcal/hr

B. 200 BTU/hr

C. 200 BTU/minute

D. 200 BTU/day

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4

Internal energy of an ideal gas

A. Increases with increase in pressure

B. Decreases with increase in temperature

C. Is independent of temperature

D. None of these

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4

The enthalpy change when ammonia gas is dissolved in water is called the heat of

A. Solution

B. Formation

C. Dilution

D. Combustion

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Trouton's ratio of non-polar liquids is calculated using Kistyakowsky equation

B. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine is always less than 1

C. An equation relating pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is called ideal gas equation

D. None of these

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4

For water at 300°C, it has a vapour pressure 8592.7 kPa and fugacity 6738.9 kPa Under these conditions, one mole of water in liquid phase has a volume of 25.28 cm3 and that in vapour phase in 391.1 cm3.Fugacity of water (in kPa) at 9000 kPa will be

A. 6738.9

B. 6753.5

C. 7058.3

D. 9000

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4

There is a change in __________ during the phase transition.

A. Volume

B. Pressure

C. Temperature

D. All a, b & c

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4

Which is an example of closed system?

A. Air compressor

B. Liquid cooling system of an automobile

C. Boiler

D. None of these

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4

Henry's law is closely obeyed by a gas, when its __________ is extremely high.

A. Pressure

B. Solubility

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

In a homogeneous solution, the fugacity of a component depends upon the

A. Pressure

B. Composition

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

A Carnot cycle consists of the following steps:

A. Two isothermal and two isentropic

B. Two isobaric and two isothermal

C. Two isochoric and two isobaric

D. Two isothermals and two isochoric

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4

A refrigerator works on the principle of __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

The free energy change for a chemical reaction is given by (where, K = equilibrium constant)

A. RT ln K

B. -RT ln K

C. -R ln K

D. T ln K

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Cp of monatomic gases such as metallic vapor is about 5 kcal/kg.atom

B. The heat capacity of solid inorganic substance is exactly equal to the heat capacity of the substance in the molten state

C. There is an increase in entropy, when a spontaneous change occurs in an isolated system

D. At absolute zero temperature, the heat capacity for many pure crystalline substances is zero

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4

Number of components (C), phase (P) and degrees of freedom (F) are related by Gibbs phase rule as

A. P + F - C = 2

B. C = P - F + 2

C. F = C - P - 2

D. P = F - C - 2