Kidney cysts and tumors MCQ Question with Answer

Kidney cysts and tumors MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Explanation are given for understanding.

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Question No : 8
On ultrasonography, what are the percentages of incidentally discovered renal masses that will later be malignant on further workup?

70 - 85%
55 - 70%
40 - 55%
25 - 40%

Question No : 9
What is false concerning renal oncocytoma?

the central scar on CT or MRI, and the spoke-wheel pattern of vessels on angiograms are not specific to oncocytoma
calcification, necrosis, and hemorrhage are rare in oncocytomas
it is thought to arise from the basement membrane of proximal convoluted tubules
treatment is partial nephrectomy or tumor excision

Question No : 10
What can NOT be a manifestation of a renal tumor?

right hydrocele
left varicocele
painless hematuria

Question No : 11
d. prior to kidney transplant

. What is an indication for radical nephrectomy?
a 6-cm, polar tumor
bilateral RCC
locally advanced RCC

Question No : 12
Fuhrmans grading system for renal cell carcinoma relies on:

nuclear size, outline, and nucleoli
cohesiveness and the degree of cellular atypia
chromatin structure and content of the interphase nucleus
multinucleation and mitosis

Question No : 13
What is (are) the risk factor(s) for developing simple renal cysts?

male gender
renal insufficiency
all of the above

Question No : 14
What is the most common cause of genetic ESRD in children?

autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
multicystic dysplastic kidney disease
juvenile nephronophthisis