Urinary Calculus Disease MCQ Question with Answer

Urinary Calculus Disease MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Explanation are given for understanding.

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Question No : 8
Which of the following dietary advice is recommended for Ca.oxalate stone formers?

limit beef, chicken, pork, eggs, fish, shellfish, and other animal proteins
limit beans, nuts, chocolate, coffee, dark green vegetables, and soda
limit canned, packaged, and fast foods
limit milk, cheese, and other dairy products

Question No : 9
What is false concerning patient`s preparation for PCNL?

active UTI is an absolute contraindication
fluoroquinolone is the first choice for antimicrobial prophylaxis
withholding aspirin for only 10 days is enough
despite sterile urine, stone fragmentation might release hidden bacterial endotoxins and viable bacteria

Question No : 10
ESWL in pediatric patients is characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT:

often need sedation or anesthesia
vesico-ureteral reflux must be excluded
pediatrics have a higher clearance rate of stones when compared to adults
safety measures must be taken to avoid lung contusions

Question No : 11
What is false concerning primary bladder stones?

commoner in females than in males
in pediatrics, are of calcium oxalate and/or ammonium urate composition
caused by bladder outlet obstruction
might result in bladder cancer

Question No : 12
Which statement is false concerning renal stones related to hyperparathyroidism (HPT)?

renal stones are found in 20% of patients with primary HPT
acidic arrest promotes crystallisation of calcium phosphate stones related to HPT
HPT, vitamin D excess, and malignancy could lead to hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria
only surgery can cure primary HPT

Question No : 13
What is the most favorable stone characteristics for laparoscopic and robotic approaches for the treatment of a kidney stone?

a stone in the lower calyx with a wide mouth of infundibulum and obtuse lower calyx to ureter angle
a stone in an anterior group calyceal diverticulum with thin overlying renal parenchyma
5 mm calcium-containing stone in an intrarenal pelvis and wide UPJ
6 years post anatrophic nephrolithotomy, recurrent mid calyceal stone

Question No : 14
What type of urinary diversion carries the highest risk of stone formation?

Kock pouch
Neobladder-to-urethra diversion
Florida pouch
Indiana pouch