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Current Affairs January 2024

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4

Bio-degradable detergents

A. Can be readily oxidised

B. Pose problem in sewerage plant

C. Have an isoparaffinic structure

D. Should not be used as it spoils the cloth

Correct Answer :

A. Can be readily oxidised


Related Questions

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4

Silicone is a/an

A. Thermoplastic

B. Inorganic polymer

C. Monomer

D. None of these

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4

Systemic insecticides

A. Are absorbed throughout the plant

B. Kill insects following external bodily contact

C. Are stomach poisons

D. Emit poisonous vapour

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4

Presence of H2S in raw water (to be chlorinated) results in the

A. Reduced softening capacity of zeolite

B. Increased dosage of chlorine to provide a disinfecting residual in the water

C. Easy removal of its hardness

D. None of these

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4

Ceramics are produced from silicates or clayish materials: Which of the following is not a ceramic material?

A. Slag cement

B. Glasses

C. Porcelain/Potteries

D. Teflon

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4

Ethylene oxide is produced by oxidation of ethylene in presence of AgO catalyst at

A. 1 atm & 100°C

B. 5 atm & 275°C

C. 100 atm & 500°C

D. 50 atm & 1000°C

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4

Function of thinner in a paint is to

A. Accelerate the oxidation of oil

B. Prevent gelling of the paint

C. Suspend pigments & dissolve film forming materials

D. Form a protective film

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4

Deacon's method is used for the manufacture of

A. Glauber's salt

B. Common salt

C. Chlorine

D. Graphite electrode

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4

Dehydrogenation of Isopropanol produces

A. Propyl alcohol

B. Acetone

C. Trichloroethylene

D. Formaldehyde

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4

In contact process, SO3 is absorbed in 97% H2SO4 and not in water, because

A. SO3 gas is sparingly soluble in water

B. Water forms an acid mist, which is difficult to absorb

C. The purity of acid is affected

D. Scale formation in the absorber is to be avoided

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4

'Hollander beater' machine used in the paper manufacturing plant does not accomplish the task of

A. Final rolling out of paper

B. Cutting of fibres

C. Hydration of fibres

D. Fibrillation of fibre

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4

During the manufacture of sulphuric acid, the temperature of molten sulphur is not increased beyond 160°C, as

A. It is very corrosive at elevated temperature

B. Its viscosity is not reduced on further heating (hence pressure drop on pumping it, cannot be further reduced)

C. It decomposes on further increasing the temperature

D. None of these

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4

Styrene-butadiene-rubber (SBR) as compared to natural rubber has

A. Poorer tensile strength

B. Poorer resistance to oxidation

C. Greater amount of heat build-up under heavy loading

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Glauber's salt is chemically represented by

A. Na2SO4.10H2O

B. CaCl(OCl)

C. CaSO4.H2O

D. (NH4)2SO4

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4

Pure rectified spirit contains about __________ percent alcohol.

A. 45

B. 70

C. 95

D. 99.5

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4

Hydrogenation of edible vegetable oils

A. Is an exothermic reaction

B. Increases their melting point

C. Is done in presence of nickel catalyst

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Glycerine can be obtained from

A. Fat

B. Naphthalene

C. Cumene

D. Sucrose

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Which of the following sugars is the sweetest?

A. Glucose

B. Fructose

C. Sucrose

D. Lactose

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4

Sulphuric acid saturated with SO3 is called

A. Concentrated H2SO4

B. Sulphurous acid

C. Oleum

D. None of these

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4

Stereospecific agents are exemplified by

A. Radiation

B. Supported metal oxide catalysts

C. Ziegler catalysts

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

Which of the following is a bleaching agent added in the detergents to facilitate removal of stains caused due to blood, tea etc?

A. Sodium silicate

B. Sodium borate

C. Sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP)

D. Caustic soda

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4

Argon is the third largest constituent of air (followed by N2 & O2). Its percentage by volume in air is

A. 0.14

B. 0.34

C. 0.94

D. 1.4

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4

Wet chlorine gas produced during electrolysis of brine is dehydrated by

A. Spraying 66° Be H2SO4 counter current to the flow of the gas

B. Passing it through a bed of diatomaceous earth

C. Passing it through a bed of silica gel

D. None of these

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4

Co-efficient of thermal expansion of glass is decreased by the addition of __________ during its manufacture.

A. CaO

B. MnO2

C. ZnO

D. FeS

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4

The main use of HCl is in the

A. Drilling of petroleum wells and pickling of steel sheets

B. Manufacture of cationic detergent

C. Treatment of spent fuel of nuclear reactor

D. None of these

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4

The drug used in contraceptives is

A. Sulfadiazine

B. Mestranol

C. Methyl salicylate

D. Penicillin

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4

Raw materials used for producing __________ cement does not contain iron oxide.

A. Waterproof

B. Slag

C. White

D. Pozzolan

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4

Commercial scale production of hydrogen from iron-steam reaction represented by, 3Fe + 3H2O = Fe3O4 + 4H2, is not practised, as it is

A. A slow reaction

B. A discontinuous reaction (requiring regeneration of iron by water gas intermittently)

C. Still in development stage (by employing fluidised bed technique)

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Rancidity of the fatty oil can be reduced by its

A. Decoloration

B. Hydrogenation

C. Oxidation

D. Purification

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Dry process is used for the manufacture of cement, when the raw material is blast furnace slag

B. Portland cement is made employing wet process

C. Gypsum is added to Portland cement to lengthen its setting time

D. None of these

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4

Aryl benzene sulphonate (ABS) is a

A. Detergent

B. Plasticiser for unsaturated polyester

C. Starting material for the synthesis of glycerine

D. Coating ingredient for photographic film