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4

Depending on the radiating properties, a body will be opaque when

A. P = 0, x = 0 and a = 1

B. P=1, x = 0 and a = 0

C. P = 0, x = 1 and a = 0

D. X = 0, a + p = 1 Where a = absorptivity, p = reflectivity, X = transmissivity.

Correct Answer :

D. X = 0, a + p = 1 Where a = absorptivity, p = reflectivity, X = transmissivity.


Related Questions

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4

The heat transfer from a hot body to a cold body is directly proportional to the surface area and difference of temperatures between the two bodies. This statement is called

A. First law of thermodynamics

B. Newton's law of cooling

C. Newton's law of heating

D. Stefan's law

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4

The rate of energy emission from unit surface area through unit solid angle, along a normal to the surface, is known as

A. Emissivity

B. Transmissivity

C. Reflectivity

D. Intensity of radiation

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4

When heat is transferred from hot body to cold body, in a straight line, without affecting the intervening medium, it is referred as heat transfer by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and convection

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4

The use of heat exchangers is made in

A. Radiators in automobile

B. Condensers and boilers in steam plants

C. Condensers and evaporators in refrigeration and air conditioning units

D. All of the above

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4

According to Stefan Boltzmann law, the total radiation from a black body per second per unit area is directly proportional to the

A. Absolute temperature

B. Square of the absolute temperature

C. Cube of the absolute temperature

D. Fourth power of the absolute temperature

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4

The unit of Stefan Boltzmann constant is

A. Watt/cm² °K

B. Watt/cm4 °K

C. Watt²/cm °K⁴

D. Watt/cm² °K⁴

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4

The critical radius is the insulation radius at which the resistance to heat flow is

A. Maximum

B. Minimum

C. Zero

D. None of these

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4

Unit of thermal conductivity in M.K.S. units is

A. K cal/kg m² °C

B. K cal m/hr m² °C

C. K cal/hr m² °C

D. K calm/hr °C

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4

The critical temperature is the temperature

A. Below which a gas does not obey gas laws

B. Above which a gas may explode

C. Below which a gas is always liquefied

D. Above which a gas will never liquefied

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4

The ratio of the emissive power and absorptive power of all bodies is the same and is equal to the emissive power of a perfectly black body. This statement is known as

A. Kirchoffs law

B. Stefan's law

C. Wien' law

D. Planck's law

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4

The heat transfer takes place according to

A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

B. First law of thermodynamics

C. Second law of thermodynamics

D. Kirchhoff's law

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4

According to Kirchoff's law, the ratio of emissive power to absorptivity for all bodies is equal to the emissive power of a

A. Grey body

B. Brilliant white polished body

C. Red hot body

D. Black body

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4

Pick up the wrong case. Heat flowing from one side to other depends directly on

A. Face area

B. Time

C. Thickness

D. Temperature difference

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4

The ratio of surface convection resistance to the internal conduction resistance is known as

A. Grashoff number

B. Biot number

C. Stanton number

D. Prandtl number

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4

If the temperature of a solid surface changes from 27°C to 627°C, then its emissive power changes in the ratio of

A. 6

B. 9

C. 27

D. 81

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4

Sensible heat is the heat required to

A. Change vapour into liquid

B. Change liquid into vapour

C. Increase the temperature of a liquid of vapour

D. Convert water into steam and superheat it

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4

Heat transfer in liquid and gases takes place by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and convection

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4

Film coefficient is defined as the ratio of

A. Thermal conductivity to the equivalent thickness of the film of fluid

B. Temperature drop through the films of fluids to the thickness of film of fluids

C. Thickness of film of fluid to the thermal conductivity

D. Thickness of film of fluid to the temperature drop through the films of fluids

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4

The ratio of the thickness of thermal boundary layer to the thickness of hydrodynamic boundary layer is equal to (Prandtl number) n, where n is equal to

A. -1/3

B. -2/3

C. 1

D. -1

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4

Temperature of steam at around 540°C can be measured by

A. Thermometer

B. Thermistor

C. Thermocouple

D. None of these

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4

Free convection flow depends on

A. Density

B. Coefficient of viscosity

C. Gravitational force

D. All of these

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4

In convection heat transfer from hot flue gases to water tube, even though flow may be turbulent, a laminar flow region (boundary layer of film) exists close to the tube. The heat transfer through this film takes place by

A. Convection

B. Radiation

C. Conduction

D. Both convection and conduction

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4

Emissivity of a white polished body in comparison to a black body is

A. Higher

B. Lower

C. Same

D. Depends upon the shape of body

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4

A steam pipe is to be insulated by two insulating materials put over each other. For best results

A. Better insulation should be put over pipe and better one over it

B. Inferior insulation should be put over pipe and better one over it

C. Both may be put in any order

D. Whether to put inferior OIL over pipe or the better one would depend on steam temperature

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4

Which of the following is expected to have highest thermal conductivity?

A. Steam

B. Solid ice

C. Melting ice

D. Water

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4

The value of Prandtl number for air is about

A. 0.1

B. 0.3

C. 0.7

D. 1.7

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4

The emissivity for a black body is

A. 0

B. 0.5

C. 0.75

D. 1

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4

Depending on the radiating properties, body will be transparent when

A. P = 0, x = 0 and a = 1

B. P=1, x = 0, and a = 0

C. P = 0, T= 1, and a = 0

D. X = 0, a + p = 1

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4

According to Wien's law, the wavelength corresponding to maximum energy is proportion to

A. Absolute temperature (T)

B.

C. F

D. T

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4

All radiations in a black body are

A. Reflected

B. Refracted

C. Transmitted

D. Absorbed